Does it suggest we should just let environmental changes happen without intervention?.
1. What do we mean by a “world” or a “universal” religion? What is different about these religions compared to their predecessors? What common problems did the new axial-age religions address? What commonalities characterize the religious and political responses to these problems? Why have these “universal” religions not only survived into modern times, but seem more relevant than ever? consider at least three religions from the many that developed in the ancient world (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism) and at least two regions (Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, the Americas, or Africa).
. 2. Some of the most important discussions about the relationships between individuals and state powers, individuals and communities, and individuals and the world believed to be beyond human existence took place between 1000 BCE and 300 CE in what the textbook authors call “worlds turned inside out.” What factors led to these worlds being turned inside out? How do the various philosophies that emerged in this period address the questions? How should one govern? How should one live? Is there an “ultimate” truth? Can we “know” the world we live in—how? How would Confucius, Laozi, Buddhism, and various Greek philosophers answer these questions? How do the different societies they developed in shape their answers?