To identify current school strategies to prevent emotional and social bullying due to poverty and what can be done to prevent it

To identify current school strategies to prevent emotional and social bullyin” rel=”nofollow”>ing due to poverty and what can be done to prevent it

Order Description
The purpose of this part of your project is to design a study to in” rel=”nofollow”>investigate the research questions identified in” rel=”nofollow”>in Part 1 of this EMA. The strategies that you devise
and the methods you choose must be appropriate for the task of answerin” rel=”nofollow”>ing your specific research questions. Ask yourself what you want to achieve. Are you tryin” rel=”nofollow”>ing to
evaluate somethin” rel=”nofollow”>ing, explain” rel=”nofollow”>in somethin” rel=”nofollow”>ing, deepen understandin” rel=”nofollow”>ing of somethin” rel=”nofollow”>ing or brin” rel=”nofollow”>ing about change? What do you need to fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind out in” rel=”nofollow”>in order to answer your questions, and
what methods will you use to collect this in” rel=”nofollow”>information? Whom do you need to obtain” rel=”nofollow”>in the in” rel=”nofollow”>information from, and where are these in” rel=”nofollow”>individuals to be found? What are the
ethical considerations? How long will it realistically take to gather the in” rel=”nofollow”>information, analyse it and write up the report?

In developin” rel=”nofollow”>ing your methodology proposal there are several issues that you need to consider. These are set out in” rel=”nofollow”>in the followin” rel=”nofollow”>ing subsections.

2Fin” rel=”nofollow”>indin” rel=”nofollow”>ing the right method(s)
Sin” rel=”nofollow”>ince the range and scope of research methods is extensive, you should give due consideration to the most appropriate, given your research questions: to help with
this, you may want to revisit Block 2 of the module. You could also reflect on some of the research studies described in” rel=”nofollow”>in Section 3 of the Module Reader and in” rel=”nofollow”>in the
Research Articles Collection
[Tip: hold ? and click a lin” rel=”nofollow”>ink to open it in” rel=”nofollow”>in a new tab. (Hide tip)
] , and try to imagin” rel=”nofollow”>ine doin” rel=”nofollow”>ing the same study usin” rel=”nofollow”>ing a different method.

For example, would it have been more or less appropriate for Christou and Spyrou (2012) to have carried out and video-recorded group in” rel=”nofollow”>interviews with Cypriot children
in” rel=”nofollow”>in school, rather than in” rel=”nofollow”>individual mappin” rel=”nofollow”>ing, drawin” rel=”nofollow”>ing and talkin” rel=”nofollow”>ing methods in” rel=”nofollow”>in their homes? What would have been the advantages and disadvantages of Holland et al. (2010)
undertakin” rel=”nofollow”>ing their study with 25 looked-after young people, rather than eight? Would in” rel=”nofollow”>increasin” rel=”nofollow”>ing or decreasin” rel=”nofollow”>ing the length of the data-collection period have made any
significant difference to the results of either of these studies? In a similar manner, consider the different ways in” rel=”nofollow”>in which you could explore the questions that you
have identified. Is one approach more appropriate than another? Are different approaches likely to offer different in” rel=”nofollow”>information? Should you consider usin” rel=”nofollow”>ing several
approaches or just one? Once you have decided on a particular approach or approaches, make sure you can justify it/them.
3Suggested structure
You may fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind it helpful to organise your methodology proposal accordin” rel=”nofollow”>ing to the followin” rel=”nofollow”>ing structure. You will probably fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind that you need to write more in” rel=”nofollow”>in some sections
than in” rel=”nofollow”>in others.


Explain” rel=”nofollow”>in how you will select your sample and why the number of participants you choose is appropriate to your research question(s). Describe where you will fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind your
sample and how you will approach negotiatin” rel=”nofollow”>ing access to these participants. Discuss whether the proposed sample elicits any ethical issues, either in” rel=”nofollow”>in relation to the
participants’ age or status, or in” rel=”nofollow”>in terms of access arrangements. Discuss any implications that the location/context might impose on your study.

Data collection tools

Discuss the methodological tool(s) you propose to use to collect your data, and provide a rationale for why these are particularly appropriate, given your research
question(s). This could usefully in” rel=”nofollow”>include reference to other studies in” rel=”nofollow”>in the literature that you have read for your project, or to module material in” rel=”nofollow”>in which similar
methods have been used successfully or unsuccessfully. It is important to discuss methods that you considered and rejected, sin” rel=”nofollow”>ince this will strengthen your rationale.
Describe how you would adapt (if necessary) any of these tools to suit the participants in” rel=”nofollow”>in your sample. If you are usin” rel=”nofollow”>ing multiple methods, it is important to state how
and why these methods will relate to each other. Is your choice of method ethically problematic in” rel=”nofollow”>in any way?

Data analysis

Although you will not actually collect any data, you should outlin” rel=”nofollow”>ine how you would need to process and analyse the data required to answer your research questions. You
must explain” rel=”nofollow”>in how analysin” rel=”nofollow”>ing the data in” rel=”nofollow”>in this way would enable you to answer your research questions. For example, if you are gatherin” rel=”nofollow”>ing quantitative data, will you use
descriptive statistics (as in” rel=”nofollow”>in Camfield’s use of quantitative data that you examin” rel=”nofollow”>ined in” rel=”nofollow”>in Unit 16), or will you need to use in” rel=”nofollow”>inferential statistics to in” rel=”nofollow”>investigate
relationships between variables (as discussed by Rolleston in” rel=”nofollow”>in Chapter 14 of the Module Reader)? For qualitative research projects, you ought to explain” rel=”nofollow”>in how you would
code your data, and what sort of analytical techniques you might use (e.g. the ‘grounded theory’ as used by Smith in” rel=”nofollow”>in Chapter 11 of the Module Reader, or the life
history and thematic analysis techniques used by Hearn and Thomson in” rel=”nofollow”>in Chapter 9).

You may fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind it useful here to review your notes from Units 7.

Time frame

Indicate how long you anticipate the different stages of the research will take. This might in” rel=”nofollow”>include the time for selectin” rel=”nofollow”>ing and/or developin” rel=”nofollow”>ing and pilotin” rel=”nofollow”>ing materials,
identifyin” rel=”nofollow”>ing participants and arrangin” rel=”nofollow”>ing access and consent, familiarisation, and collectin” rel=”nofollow”>ing and analysin” rel=”nofollow”>ing the data. You should bear in” rel=”nofollow”>in min” rel=”nofollow”>ind that it is very easy to
underestimate how long it will take to collect and analyse data in” rel=”nofollow”>in a research project.


You may prefer to deal with ethical issues as you write each section, or you may prefer to address them in” rel=”nofollow”>in a separate section. At every stage of the research process,
however, you should consider the implications of what you plan to do and the effect that it might have on the research participants. You need to in” rel=”nofollow”>include clear and
specific details on what ethical issues might arise and how you will deal with them. You may fin” rel=”nofollow”>ind it helpful to reread Alderson’s chapter in” rel=”nofollow”>in the Module Reader (Chapter
5) before plannin” rel=”nofollow”>ing your project in” rel=”nofollow”>in detail, as well as review the questions that you completed for Unit 5 Activity 3, which are repeated below.

Ethics in” rel=”nofollow”>in research Key poin” rel=”nofollow”>ints
When might research be regarded as ‘unethical’?
Research which causes harm or deception.

Research for which children and/or young people do not give their consent.
Why are ethical checks important?
To protect children and young people.

To ensure ethical issues are addressed throughout the research process.
Is age an important consideration when addressin” rel=”nofollow”>ing ethical issues in” rel=”nofollow”>in research with children and young people? It is important that all research participants, regardless
of age, are fully aware and have all the in” rel=”nofollow”>information they require in” rel=”nofollow”>in order to make decisions about their level of participation in” rel=”nofollow”>in research practice.

Add a list of references in” rel=”nofollow”>in the OU Harvard style (as specified in” rel=”nofollow”>in the Assessment Guide
[Tip: hold ? and click a lin” rel=”nofollow”>ink to open it in” rel=”nofollow”>in a new tab. (Hide tip)
] ). The list of references is not counted in” rel=”nofollow”>in the 2000 words suggested for Part 2 of the EMA. The literature review section of your project is not the only place you
are expected to make reference to relevant literatures. In the methodology section you would be expected to refer to appropriate texts, primarily from the module
materials (but also from the wider literatures covered in” rel=”nofollow”>in your literature review), in” rel=”nofollow”>in order to demonstrate that your proposed method is not only appropriate and
ethical but also grounded in” rel=”nofollow”>in the literature.

find the cost of your paper