Food that people found with evidence on teeth and craniofacial morphology of robust australopithecines

Food that people found with evidence on teeth and craniofacial morphology of robust australopithecines

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Writing Assignments Part 1: Annotated Bibliography due Thursday, August 17 Part 2: Outline due Thursday, August 24Part 3: Term Paper due Monday, September 11Please
have a topic selected by Thursday, August 10. If you do not select one on your own, I will pick one for you. You are welcome to discuss topics amongst yourselves and
are encouraged to ask your neighbors for help revising and editing, but are expected to do work on each individually.1. Purpose You term paper will address a current
issue in human evolutionary studies. It will synthesize knowledge from different sources, organize your thoughts and present them in a way which is clearly and easily
understood by your reader. The first two writing assignments will force you to start thinking about and working on your term paper prior to the night before it’s due,
and to make sure that you are on the right track. An annotated bibliography is a useful first step for synthesizing information before writing a research paper. Making
an outline is an excellent way to organize your thoughts and ensure that there is a logical flow to your paper. When you consider the order in which you present
evidence and have a detailed outline, it can enhance your own clarity of thought and makes writing much easier and faster. It provides an opportunity to get feedback
on your writing and organization before the final paper is graded. In past quarters, students have found the constructive criticism received through the correction of
the draft extremely helpful to pulling together their term paper. We expect this assignment to show us that you have constructed a logical argument for your term paper
and have sufficient evidence to back it up.2. Assignments Part 1 Annotated Bibliography: In an annotated bibliography, you list all the sources you plan to use in
writing your paper, with notes (“annotations”) below each summarizing the content of the paper and the important information you intend to use from it. By turning in
your annotated bibliography, you will have a chance to get feedback about any additional sources you’ve found, the extent to which you have covered the material
required, and difficulties you have had in interpreting the content. More information about how to write an annotated bibliography, including examples, is available at
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/1/.Part 2 Outline: Write a detailed outline of your term paper. You specifically need a thesis statement and a topic
sentence for each paragraph. A thesis statement should be an argument, not just a list of the things you are going to discuss in the paper. Under each topic sentence,
write a short summary/outline of what your paragraph will be about, listing the evidence you plan to use to support your argument for each paragraph, including the
citations where the evidence comes from. Keep in mind, this is an outline: other than the thesis and topic sentences, you do not need to write full sentences.However,
it needs to be clear from what you do write that you have an understanding of the implications of the evidence you will be citing in your paper. I will make comments
on your outline regarding the organization and quality of research. Each topic varies in the amount of literature available to cite, and I will take this into account
when grading, but regardless of the topic you should cite all of the papers provided for your chosen topic. Additional research, including citations, on your topic is
welcome.
Part 3 Term Paper: After you have received feedback on your outline, you will use the research you have conducted, and additional research as necessary, to write a
research term paper. The research paper should have an introduction and a conclusion that summarizes the main points of your paper. You are welcome to use subheadings
to organize your paper. Doing so will make it easier for me to find places to give you points for each topic that you cover. 3. FormatPart 1 Annotated Bibliography:2-3
pages. Part 2 Outline:At least 4 pages. Part 3 Term Paper:10-12 pages.All assignments should use the same formatting: 1inch margins, 12 pt Times New Roman, double-
spaced. At least 7-10 citations in the format for Journal of Human Evolution. All assignments must include a bibliography with all the papers you cite in alphabetical
order, and paragraphs should include properly formatted internal citations. You will need to cite internally every time you use information from a source. You cannot
just cite a source at the end of a paragraph. First of all, doing so probably means you aren’t synthesizing material from multiple sources. Second, the proper approach
is to cite after every sentence. How to cite a journal article: Demes, B., O’Neill, M.C., 2013. Ground reaction forces and center of mass mechanics of bipedal capuchin
monkeys: implications for the evolution of human bipedalism. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 150, 76-86.How to use in-text citations: Demes and O’Neill (2013) … or (Demes
and O’Neill, 2013). Please see the Journal of Human Evolution author guidelines webpage for an in-depth description on formatting.
https://www.elsevier.com/journals/journal-of-human-evolution/0047-2484/guide-for-authors4. Tips -The Annotated Bibliography and Outline are not definitive and you will
be able to make changes for the term paper.-Use your assigned articles to find other research articles. Often, important papers are cited right at the beginning in the
introductory sections. -Check to see which articles have cited the ones assigned to you. Use one of your assigned titles to do a search in Google Scholar. Under the
title and abstract, you should see a link that says, “Cited by …”. Click on this link to find related articles. -Do not write long sentences during the first steps.
Clarity, structure and logical links come first. This is not poetry but scientific writing. -It is possible to add some elements of style or rhetorical figures but it
is strongly advised to keep it for the final version of your term paper. Once you have a clear text with short sentences, well-structured and explicit logical links
between the ideas, then you start polishing. -Do not exaggerate. Stylistic figures are like spices when you cook; the right amount enhances the taste, too much and it
is a waste.
5. Choose among one of the following topics:(If you really don’t want to write on any of these topics, come see me and we can find something else for you to do) •What
kind of foods are the teeth and craniofacial morphology of robust australopithecines adapted for? Use morphological, biomechanical, and dietary isotopic evidence.
Where there are disagreements among researchers, explain which arguments are more convincing and why.Cerling, Thure E., et al. 2011. Diet of Paranthropus boisei in the
early Pleistocene of East Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108:9337–9341. doi: 10.1073/pnas. 1104627108Klein, R.G. 2013. Stable carbon isotopes
and human evolution. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (26) 10470–10472, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1307308110Lucas et al., 1985. Plio-Pleistocene Hominid
Diets: An Approach Combining Masticatory and Ecological Analysis. Journal of Human Evolution, 14, 187-202.Sponheimer et al., 2013. Isotopic evidence of early hominin
diets. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (26), 10513-10518.Strait, D.S. et al., 2013. Viewpoints: Diet and Dietary Adaptations in Early Hominins: The
Hard Food Perspective. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:339–355Ungar, P.S. et al. 2008. Dental microwear and diet of the Plio-Pleistocene hominin
Paranthropus boisei. PLoS one 3.4: e2044.•What are the major biological and behavioral changes happening in Europe between the Middle and Upper Paleolithic? What is
their relevance for the Late Pleistocene population dynamic scenariosHoffecker, J.F., 2009. The spread of modern humans in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences. vol. 106 no. 38, 16040–16045.Hublin, J.-J. 2015. The modern human colonization of western Eurasia: when and where? Quaternary Science Reviews 118, 194–
210.Kuhn, S.L., Zwyns, N., 2014. Rethinking the Initial Upper Paleolithic, Quaternary international, 347, pp. 29–38.Mellars, Paul 2006. Archeology and the Dispersal of
Modern Humans in Europe: Deconstructing the “Aurignacian””. Evolutionary Anthropology Issues News and Reviews 15 (5): 167Teyssandier, N., Bon, F., Bordes, F., 2010.
Within Projectile Range: Some Thoughts on the Appearance of the Aurignacian in Europe. Journal of Anthropological Research 66, 209-221.Zilhao, J. 2006 Neandertals and
Moderns Mixed, and It Matters. Evolutionary Anthropology, 15, p. 183-195
•The genetic evidence is now fairly convincing that Middle Pleistocene hominins and Homo sapiens hybridized when they overlapped in Eurasia. What do we know about the
frequency and geography of these gene flow events? With which model of the Upper Paleolithic (multiregionalism, assimilation, Out of Africa, etc.) are they most
congruent? Feel free to consider evidence from the cultural/archaeological record as well (for this, see reference list above). Ackermann R.R. 2010. Phenotypic traits
of primate hybrids: recording admixture in the fossil record. Evolutionary Anthropology 19:258-270.Fu, Q., et al., 2014. Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern
human from western Siberia. Nature 514, p. 445–449.Green, R.E., et al. 2010. A draft sequence of the Neandertal genome. Science 328: 710- 722.Posth, C., et al. 2017.
Deeply divergent archaic mitochondrial genome provides lower time boundary for African gene flow into Neanderthals. Nature Communications 8:16046. Prüfer, K. et al.,
2014. The complete genome sequence of a Neanderthal from the Altai Mountains. Nature, 505, 43–49.Reich, D., et al., 2011, Denisova admixture and the first modern human
dispersals into southeast Asia and oceania, The American Journal of Human Genetics89 (4), p.516–528. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2011.09.00

 

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