Statistical Significance and Meaningfulness
Consider the scenario: A research paper claims a meaningful contribution to the literature based on finding statistically significant relationships between predictor and response variables. In the footnotes, you see the following statement, “given this resParch was exploratory in nature, traditional levels of significance to reject the null hypotheses were relaxed to the .10 level.”
Provide your response to the scenario in which you critically evaluate this footnote. As a reader/reviewer, what response would you provide to the authors about this footnote?