Relationship between Organizational Behavior variables

 

 

 

choose concept 1 from the list below:• Job satisfaction,• Job involvement, • Organizational commitment, • Perceived organizational support, • Employee engagement, • Affect,• Ability,• Personality, • Motivation,• Values,• Trust, MY CONCEPT 1  Then, choose concept 2 from the list below:• Job performance, MY CONCEPT 2 • Absenteeism,• Employee turnover,• Job satisfaction,• Deviant workplace behaviour,• Creativity,• Organizational commitment The topic of your report for this assignment will be:“The influence of Concept 1 on Concept 2”.For example, if you chose “job satisfaction” as your concept 1 and “employee turnover” as concept 2, then your topic will be “the influence of job satisfaction on employee turnover”.

 

How to conduct literature review and write a 1500-2000 word report:The following components are required in your report:1) Introduction: introducing Concept 2 (e.g. employee turnover)2) Concept 1 (e.g. job satisfaction)3) A parent theory (to justify the impact of Concept 1 on Concept 2)4) Relationship between Concept 1 and Concept 2 (e.g. Relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover)5) proposition6) Conclusions (implications of your conclusions for practice)Details about each component of the report:1) Introduction (introducing Concept 2; e.g. employee turnover)Conduct a literature review to understand how the existing studies (peer-reviewed journal articles) conceptualised or defined Concept 2 (e.g. employee turnover). For example, if your topic is:
“what is the influence of job satisfaction on employee turnover?”, then you need to synthesise the existing research to see how different researchers conceptualised (defined) concept of “employee
turnover”. For this section of your report, first, write an introductory paragraph introducing Concept 2 and briefly make mention of the ways the existing literature approached this concept. Then, explain why
it is important to study Concept 2.  For example, if you chose “employee turnover” as concept 2, explain why “employee turnover” is an important issue to be solved in an organization; Or if you
chose “employee commitment” as Concept 2, then you need to explain why “employee commitment” is important for organizations, and why organizations need to enhance or maintain employee commitment.Important:You are required to provide references from peer-reviewed journal articles within text (please see the file on the Moodle explaining how this report will be marked).Finally, clarify how you, yourself, conceptualised Concept 2. That is to say, you need to clarify that the way you approached and defined Concept 2 is in line with a particular existing
conceptualisation you discussed in your paper while synthesising the literature.

2) Concept 1 (e.g. job satisfaction)Conduct a literature review to understand how the existing studies (peer-reviewed journal articles) conceptualised or defined Concept 1 (e.g. job satisfaction). For example, if your topic is: “what
is the influence of job satisfaction on employee turnover?”, then you need to synthesise the existing research to see how different researchers conceptualised (defined) concept of ‘job
satisfaction’. For this section of your report, first write an introductory paragraph introducing Concept 1 and briefly make mention of the ways the existing literature approached this concept.Important:You are required to provide references from peer-reviewed journal articles within text (please see the file on the Moodle explaining how this report will be marked).Finally, clarify how you, yourself, conceptualised Concept 1. That is to say, you need to clarify that the way you approached and defined Concept 1 is in line with a particular existing
conceptualisation you discussed in your paper while synthesising the literature.

3) Parent theory (to justify the impact of Concept 1 on Concept 2)Find a parent theory to justify why you think Concept 1 influences Concept 2. By doing this you are actually practicing deduction. See an example of deduction:1) All animals require Oxygen (this is a parent theory). 2) Horses are animals.3) Therfore, horses require Oxygen (your proposed conclusion). Or: 1) Attitude influences behaviour (theory of reasoned action: a parent theory)2) ‘job satisfaction’ is analogous to the concept of attitude (an understanding based on your conceptualisation and synthesis of the literature presented in section 2).3) Therfore, satisfaction influences (turnover) behaviour (your proposed conclusion)

 

Several famous theories were discussed during the semester (e.g. theory of planned behaviour, attribution theory, social cognitive theory, self-determination theory, personality-job-fit theory,
etc.).They are all famous robust theories (parent theories) that, depending on the context, can be relied on and can be used to justify the relationship you propose might exist between two concepts
(e.g. Relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover). You need to justify that Concept 1 influences Concept 2 relying on a parent theory. To this end, first, explain the parent theory in a paragraph. Then in a second paragraph justify why you think
this parent theory can explain why Concept 1 might influence Concept 2 (for justification, see the example of deduction mentioned above).
4) Relationship between Concept 1 and Concept 2 (e.g. Relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover)To further justify that Concept 1 might influence Concept 2, you are required to do a literature review and see if there is an existing study which found this relationship statistically
significant. Develop a table in which one column contains the list of all research (references) which found this relationship statistically significant and a column which found this relationship
non-significant.  You can further synthesise the literature by exploring the similarities and differences of the studies in each column. For example, you might find that the majority of the
research found the influence of Concept 1 on Concept 2 is statistically significant for men vs. women, for baby boomers as compared to generation Y, or for people with different personality traits
or intrinsic motives.  See if you can further synthesise the literature to provide support for the possible influence of Concept 1 on Concept 2. Also acknowledge the studies that did not find this
relationship statistically significant [Please note that, in addition to presenting your synthesis in a table, you need to describe the table in two to three paragraphs and elaborate on your
synthesis of the literature]. Important:Please see the file on the Moodle site to find out how this section will be marked including information on required number of peer-reviewed journal articles. Please don’t forget that you need to
provide references both in the table and within text.
5) PropositionIn this section you write down your proposition in italic. For example, you can say, relying on the parent theory (e.g. theory of planned behaviour) and based on the synthesis of the literature
discussed in the previous sections, we propose that:  Concept A influences Concept BOr:Concept A influences Concept B for men than womenOr:Concept A influences Concept B for people from collectivist societies than people from individualist societies.
6) Conclusions (implications of your conclusions for practice)For a real research, after developing propositions or hypotheses, the next step would be collecting data using a data collection method (e.g. experiments or surveys) and analysing data using a
statistical technique (e.g. ANOVA) to see if the proposition is statistically significant. If the proposed relationship was found to be statistically significant, the proposition would be accepted.
If the results were not statistically significant, the propositions would be rejected. Findings then would be discussed and implications for practice and theory would be highlighted.For this assignment, HOWEVER, there is no need to collect data and test your propositions. Assuming that your proposition is accepted, provide recommendations for managers in relation to the
influence of concept 1 on concept 2, and explain how concept 2 can be prevented or how the likelihood of concept 2 to happen can be enhanced by managing concept 1(To find out how this section of
your report will be marked please see the file on the Moodle site).

 

 

 

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