History of Western Civilization




Choose ONE of the following topics


1. Explain Peter the Great’s motivation for westernizing his empire. What actions did he take militarily and socially to make his citizens and administration more receptive to Western ideas
and customs.2. What do you consider the key differences between the Netherlands and other European countries in this period with regard to political, economic, and religious society?3. What were the chief foreign threats to the Austrian Habsburgs during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? How did the Habsburg rulers seek to contain those threats?4. Describe the rule of Oliver Cromwell. Explain his successes and failures and tell what accounts for those successes and failures.5. Compare parliamentary monarchy and political absolutism. Give examples of the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each model.6. How did the duke of Orléans weaken France after the death of Louis XIV? Which of his initiatives became symbolic of French decline? How?

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