The role of English as an international language

The role of English as an international language

The post contains three assignments

1 Self-Reflection on Privilege

2 The education requirements

3 The role of English as an international language

Assignment 1

Self-Reflection on Privilege

Order Description

What types of privilege have you experienced in your life?
After viewing the “What is Privilege” video Privilege and Critical Thinking”, how have your views on your privilege changed?
What issues do you anticipate facilitating your skills or creating barriers to your engagement with clients or your clinical work?

Privilege and Engagement
Unexamined privilege affects our ability to do thorough assessments in several ways

Encourages us to uncritically accept problematic explanations for differences among groups
Encourages us to situate problems with the individual or family
Distorts our assessment of the problem and client strengths
Misleads us in treatment planning
Frustrates us and our clients when the lack of success from interventions is due to systemic bias rather than a lack on the clients’ part (shapes reassessment)
Ecological fallacy
Distorts our assessment of the problem and client strengths
Misleads us in treatment planning
Frustrates us and our clients when the lack of success from interventions is due to systemic bias rather than a lack on the clients’ part (shapes reassessment)
Leads to generalizing from the particular
Privilege blinds us when the assessment process demands that we think critically

Privilege allows us to “fill in the blanks” of information with culturally biased assumptions
Privilege makes us blind to challenges that we ourselves do not have to face
Example of the author Sherman Alexie
Native Americans have the highest dropout rates from high school among all American ethnic groups. Sherman Alexie is a Native American author who has talked about
feeling “different” because he did well in school. He was teased by his Native American peers for excelling in school and accused of wanting to be “white”. In fact, he
transferred to a “white” school, where he was often socially excluded for being “Indian”.

Now, if that was the only part of the story that we know, we might assume that Native Americans value education less than other Americans. We might believe that
Sherman Alexie is someone who did not buy into his cultural heritage but rather decided education was of value and paid a social price for doing so. And, as a result
of privilege, which can blind us to systems that we have benefited from, that is the perspective often held within American culture.

We know more of the larger story than that, however. We know that there is a whole history of genocide and oppression of Native Americans within the United States. We
know that educational systems were often imposed upon Native Americans by a government that was uninterested in their concerns, languages, or cultural needs. Schools
typically enforced English-only rules, forced students to dress and cut their hair in ways to conform to dominant culture (rather than their own culture) and often
tried to alienate children from their parents in order to break down cultural differences. Issues of funding and educational opportunities (lack of universities for
Native American students) were typically different than for white students. (Incidentally, many of these actions were taken by those within dominant culture who
believed they had the best of intentions and only wanted good outcomes for Native American children. Oppression need not result from bad intent.) In addition, we know
that Native Americans, even if they meet dominant cultural expectations about educational attainment, face a smaller range of life choices and chances than other
ethnic groups within the United States. So in this example, attempting to adhere to dominant culture norms does not typically lead to the same rewards as it does for
those who are perceived as members of the dominant culture.

What this means is that we cannot simply say that Native Americans, as a group, value education less than other Americans without bringing into that discussion a sense
of the lived history of oppression faced by generations of Native Americans within the United States. Privilege makes us blind to challenges that we ourselves don’t
have to face, and encourages us to make assumptions on others based upon that lack of awareness.

Assignment 2

The education requirements

Order Description

• Research the education requirements
• Research the experience requirements
• Research job availability in the U.S.
• Compare Alabama job market to other state
• Compare Alabama job requirement to other states.
Must have outline
Cover page: Title of Research, Spring Semester 2017, Name
Content: 5 pages with work cited within paper (MLA style)
Reference page: at least 5 references

Assignment 3

The role of English as an international language

Discuss basic issues related to the role of English as an international language. Justify your opinion. Acknowledge your sources both in the text and in the
bibliography at the end of your text.

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