DONG ZHONGSHU ON THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF HAN RULERSHIP (2000 BCE)
The following post has two assignments namely;
1. DONG ZHONGSHU ON THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF HAN RULERSHIP (2000 BCE)
The ruler is the basis of the state. In administering the state, nothing is more effective for
educating the people than reverence for the basis. If the basis is revered then the ruler may
transform the people as though by supernatural power, but if the basis is not revered the ruler
will have nothing by which to lead his people. Then, though he employ harsh penalties and
severe punishments, the people will not follow him. This is to drive the state to ruin, and there is
no greater disaster.
What do we mean by the basis? Heaven, earth, and man are the basis of all creatures. Heaven
gives them birth, earth nourishes them, and man brings them to completion. Heaven provides
them at birth with a sense of filial and brotherly love, earth nourishes them with clothing and
food, and man completes them with rites and music. The three act together as hands and feet
join to complete the body and none can be dispensed with…
If all three are lacking, then the people will become like deer, each person following his own
desires, each family possessing its own ways. Fathers cannot employ their sons nor rulers their
ministers, and though there be walls and battlements they will be called an “empty city.” Then
will the ruler lie down with a clod of earth for a pillow. No one menacing him, he will endanger
himself; no one destroying him, he will destroy himself.
According to these texts, what are the qualities of a good ruler? What are some of the similarities and differences found in each text about political harmony?
What does this code of ethics say to you? Is it applicable for all the children, staff and families in a service? Are there aspects which you feel are not appropriate? Why? Are there things there that you had not considered before?
What is Duty of Care? How does it affect early childhood services? What might happen if Duty of Care is not met?