Philosophy

choose ONE question from EACH set of choices,

SET ONE (Euthyphro)
1. Why is it important not to simply find several examples of piety but to analyze one idea that made things pious or impious?
2. What are the first attempt at a genuine account of piety and not just examples?
3. What can we learn from the Euthyphro about Socrates’ religious views?
4. Why do Socrates and Euthyphro reject the definition of piety as “what all the gods love” (starting at 9d)? What assumptions do they make?

SET TWO (Phaedo)
1. Restate Socrates’ reasoning against suicide, making it clear why, even though the true philosopher welcomes (and perhaps even celebrates) death, this is not an argument to simply dispatch yourself as soon and as quickly as possible in suicide (see 62b–e)?
2. How does Socrates characterize philosophy (at 64a), and what role does the virtue of Wisdom, which reigns supreme for Socrates’, play in the overall life of the true philosopher?
3. What role does the body play in the philosophic life (64d-67b)? In particular, explain whether Socrates considers it a help or a hindrance to the true philosopher, remembering to define what the life of the true philosopher amounts to, and how that life ought to unfold in relation to Wisdom.
4. What are the characteristics of the “forms”–the Just itself, the Beautiful, and Good, Size, Health, Strength, etc. (74a-75e)? Apply what is said here to Piety, and explain why such a thing was so elusive for Euthyphro, who claimed to have special, privileged knowledge of matters divine.

5. Explain in some detail how, according to Socrates’ point of view, false appearances of can virtue arise (see especially 68b-69b)? Apply this analysis to the man Euthyphro — was it the case that the virtue of piety was in fact falsely present in him?

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