Expected relationship between an independent and dependent variable
Write a hypothesis stating the expected relationship between an independent and dependent variable. Make sure that the variables are ones that you can measure with a survey. You should divide the questions on your survey into three parts: your independent variable measures, your dependent variable measures, and your control variable measures. The independent and dependent variables that you measure should be the ones you identified in your hypothesis. You are required to have a minimum of three control variables (remember, control variables will not appear in your hypothesis). The length of your surveys will be different, as some concepts are measured with scales, which are comprised of multiple questions.
The way that you measure your variables should be rooted in the scholarly literature. DO NOT make up questions and response options. If you read the methods sections of journal articles on your topic, you will be able to find existing measures of your variables. USE THEM. Below each question, you are required to put the citation from where you got the measure you used.
You should construct your survey as though you were going to administer it to your respondents. It should have an explanation of the purpose of your research, a statement saying thank you, instructions for each section, and your contact information. It should be readable (consider font and spacing) and professional. Please add the level of measure of each question (below each question)—this feature (and the citation – see above) are the only ones that you would not have on an actual survey you were planning to administer.
Here are some requirements for your survey instrument:
• Your survey instrument should be clean, neat, organized, etc.
• It should contain your contact information, the purpose of your research, and a thank you statement. It also should include a statement of voluntary participation (and other potential ethical issues, if they are relevant).
• The question order should make sense, and the items should be written in a way that is appropriate for the respondents (e.g., use simplistic words).
• The response options should be exhaustive and mutually exclusive.
• The questions (all of them) should be close-ended.
• You should not ask that respondents disclose any identifying information, including their names.
I would suggest looking at samples of surveys.
Here is an example of a question that measures capital punishment attitudes:
Please circle the answer that best reflects your attitude.
To what extent do you support or oppose capital punishment for children under the age of 18?
Doe, J. (1999). How to measure capital punishment attitudes. Journal of Making Stuff Up, 5, 4, 50-78.