Research and reflective practice


• Font should be New Roman, Size 11, spacing line 1.5,
• reference should be included with page number.
• (2 X 500 words = 1000 words). And check the spellings as well.
• Please could you put the page number of any reference you are using. And also minimum of 8 references, Harvard reference.
. Uk English.

Start with the description of the analytical method (thematic analysis and narrative analysis). You should also briefly discuss the uses of the method or practice in general. Please follow the guiding questions.
Main Body:
This section of your journal should respond to the sample research question/idea for the both analysis topic (See the guiding questions). Please remember that you consider yourself conducting a research about a specific topic. You are expected to write paragraphs that answer to the questions in relation to the sample research question/idea for each topic.
Conclude your journal with your reflections on the method in relation to research. You need to discuss both usefulness and limits of the method in relation to the research script in the thinking exercise.
Please do not forget to submit a list of references that you cited in your journal and the page number.

Consider yourself a researcher aiming to answer the question below:
Please use this Research question for the both analysis.
Research question: How do older people perceive health care needs in low-income areas of London?

(1) Question:
Thematic Analysis
Please answer all the Questions below:
1. What is Thematic Analysis? How does it help the researcher to analyse the data?
2. What are the two ways of applying Thematic Analysis?
3. What is the role of ‘coding’ in thematic analysis of qualitative data? (see pages 206-220 of the textbook, Successful Qualitative Research)
4. In what ways do researchers identify themes to be used to analyse the data (see pages 224 -233 of the textbook, Successful Qualitative Research)
Please answer the questions below in relation to the research question above.
5. Who would be the respondents of your research? How would you select the people to interview for your research? Please specify selection criteria that you would use.
6. How would you gather data from this group? Which method would you use? What kind of interviews would you conduct with the research participants?
7. In what ways would Thematic Analysis help you to answer the research question above? Please describe in detail.
8. What type of Thematic Analysis (deductive and/or inductive) would you use in this research? How would it help you to analyse the data? Please describe in detail.

(2) Questions:
Narrative Analysis
1. What does Narrative Research do? What do researchers want to examine through stories? Can you give examples?
2. What kind of research ideas are relevant to Narrative Analysis?
3. What are the 3 layers of stories/narratives to look at in analysis?
Sample Research idea/question and related questions to answer
Consider yourself researching narratives of immigrant young people’s experiences in higher education in the UK.
4. Which method would you use to collect narratives from immigrant young people?
-Would you interview participants? Where would you recruit young people to interview (i.e. further education colleges, community centres, a specific neighbourhood)
-Would you use online resources (i.e. online forums, facebook groups)
5. How would the method you have chosen (i.e. interviews) would help you in your examination of immigrant young people’s experiences in higher education
6. Which layers of the narratives would you look at in your analysis? Why is it important to look at those layers for your examination?

Book to use:
Phoenix, C., & Sparkes, A. C. (2008). Athletic bodies and aging in context: The narrative construction of experienced and anticipated selves in time. Journal of aging studies, 22(3), 211-221. (Please download it from the link below) .
Jones, Rodney H (2012). Discourse analysis : a resource book for students. Routledge, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY. Available at
Holt, A (2011) ‘Discourse Analysis Approaches’ in Frost, N (Ed.) Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology: From Core to Combined Approaches (pp. 66-91). Buckingham: Open University Press (Please see the PDF copy of the chapter below).
Esin, C. (2011) ‘Narrative Analysis Approaches’ in N. Frost (Ed.) Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology: Combining Core Approaches, Open University Press: Buckingham. (Please download it from Moodle)
Gauntlett, D and Holzwarth, P. (2006), Creative and visual methods for exploring identities, in Visual Studies, vol 21(1), pp. 82-91. (Please download it from Moodle)
Esin, Cigdem & Squire, Corinne (2013). Visual Autobiographies in East London: Narratives of Still Images, Interpersonal Exchanges, and Intrapersonal Dialogues [49 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 14(2), Art. 1, (Please click on the title to download

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