Whether you are creating a project for your biology class or writing a research paper, you are a designer. Are you an ethical designer? Is that something you even think about when taking on projects? Why even consider this? Design ethics establish behaviors and actions which are generally accepted in the discipline. Design ethics help raise the standard for projects (“What are Design Ethics”).
For your assignment, choose a topic related to one of the issues we’ve discussed in class. Whether it’s an application designed to use “gaming” or the manipulation of “free choices”, consider what you would like to write about. Be sure to:
1. Choose one specific topic to develop.
2. Identify one example, in this case it may be an app, using social approval/reciprocity, or online formatting technique, and use it as the central focus for the discussion. Of course you can compare this example to others, as they will have many things in common.
a. For example, you may choose to discuss the “magic”, as Tristan Harris refers to it, of choice manipulation in menus and argue whether it is ethical or manipulative.
3. Create an argument based on your position, but be sure to offer evidence of your points. It needs to not only say, “use of social approval is ethical,” but it also needs to offer reasons how it is. These reasons will be the basis of the paper’s support.
4. Finally, offer up a counterargument to your point. This is a place in your paper where you concede that opposing ideas have validity, but your paper will also try to address them in a meaningful fashion.
● Assume that your reader has read the same class material as you and understood it. She is looking for something that builds on these ideas and not just repeats them, thus needing focus.
“He was a man of activity, a man of war…On awesome events, for example, the memorial service of a town superstar he drank his palm-wine from his first human head.” (Page 10) This statement acquaints us of with Okonkwo’s custom to drink his palm-wine from a human skull. This demonstrates to us the distinction amongst Okonkwo and Ibo. This additionally demonstrates Okonkwo respects men who are extreme contenders too. He dismissed his dad, a man who feared seeing blood, somewhat on the grounds that he never turned into a contender. Part 2 “Maybe down in his heart Okonkwo was not a coldblooded man. However, his entire life was commanded by fear, the dread of disappointment and of weakness.”(Page 13) The statement accentuates that Okonkwo felt that his dad was a disappointment. As per Okonkwo, his dad had unsatisfactory ladylike characteristics. This is one of the major causes which make him confer some senseless demonstrations. His activities additionally brings about his oldest child in turning into a “disappointment” (as Okonkwo would see it) also. His child has none of the characteristics that Okonkwo appreciates. Part 3 “An old lady is constantly uneasy when dry bones are specified in an axiom. Okonkwo recollected his own particular father.”(Page 21) This Ibo maxim demonstrates the amount Okonkwo detests his dad. He felt that he was a disappointment and he fundamentally rejects everything that his dad remained for. He is embarrassed about his dad, principally as a result of his quitter like characteristics, his inability to ascend in the public eye, and his inability to end up a warrior. Part 4 “Yet, he was not the man to approach telling his neighbors that he was in mistake. Thus individuals said he had no regard for the divine forces of the group. His foes said that his favorable luck had gone to his head.” (Page 33) In this statement, Achebe depicts Okonkwo’s character. Okonkwo plainly demonstrates an absence of thought bested by his pomposity. He was not an extremely amiable individual. Along these lines, individuals despised him and his accomplishments and was regarded by not very many. Later on in the novel, we likewise observe another trademark create in Okonkwo – false reverence. In those later sections, he will dismiss all that he and his tribesman remain for. Part 5 “The Feast of the New Yam was held each year prior to the gather started, to respect the earth goddess and the tribal spirits of the group. New yams couldn’t be eaten until the point when some had first been offered to these forces. Men and ladies, youthful and old, anticipated the New Yam Festival since it started the period of bounty – the new year.” (Page 36) When we were perusing Great Expectations, we were asked to deliberately break down the sustenance exhibit in the novel. The sustenance show in Things Fall Apart is as noteworthy. Yams was the principle wellspring of sustenance. Truth be told, the yams were so profoundly respected in the general public that they were frequently called “the ruler of the harvests.” Further, individuals used the yams for every single customary festival. This nourishment can be connected with the religious and familial societal spirits. Certain festivals, for example, the New Yam Festival occurred to respect certain nourishments. Chinua Achebe utilized farming to express certain attributes of every celebration and festivity of the Igbo society. Part 6 “The wrestlers were presently nearly stillin each other’s grasp. The muscles on their arms and their thighs and on their backs emerged and jerked It resembled an equivalent match.” (Page 50) In spite of the fact that this section may appear to be noteworthy it really has an exceptionally critical normal thought – the wrestling match. In spite of the fact that wrestling may appear like a severe game, it was an indispensable piece of the nearby culture and society. Innate traditions layout what each part should do. Without traditions, a culture does not exist. Also, wrestling matches for the Ibo town meant a kid turning into a man. The best way to end up being a man is to wrestle. This demonstrates the significance of physical quality in the clan. Section 7 “Regardless of how prosperous a man was, whether he was not able manage his ladies and his youngsters (and particularly his ladies) he was not by any stretch of the imagination a man.” (Page 53) Okonkwo, the hero of the novel, is an exceptionally sexual orientation part situated man. At the point when ladies picked up the ability to exchange, we are made mindful that their status in the public arena is advancing upwards. Exchange changed fundamental family relations and the thoughts whereupon Igbo culture was set up. It appears the possibility that a man should “control his ladies and kids” does not maybe originate from Okonkwo himself, but instead from the Igbo culture itself. Generally, be that as it may, this statement symbolizes that ladies were viewed as being mediocre compared to men at the time. Part 8 “At the point when did you turn into a shuddering old lady,’ Okonkwo asked himself, ‘you, who are known in all the nine towns for your valor in war? By what means can a man who has slaughtered five men in fight tumble to pieces since he has added a kid to their number? Okonkwo, you have turned into a lady to be sure.” (Page 65) The Ibo culture is altogether different from current culture as appeared by the novel. One clear distinction between most present day social orders and the Ibo society was that fighting between various factions or clans does not happen. The Ibo culture acclaims masculinity and parades contenders. Today, society shows us to respect warriors who battle against different nations, as opposed to with local tribes. This statement demonstrates that immense contrast between the two eras. Part 9 “Without precedent for three nights,Okonkwo slept.He woke up oncein the center of thenightand his psyche backpedaled to the pastthreedays without influencing him to feel uneasy. He started to ask why he had felt uneasy by any stretch of the imagination.” (Page 75) In this statement, we see that Okonkwo is seeing something incorrectly. He feels that something is basically wrong, yet he can’t figure what it very is. Later on in the novel, we will discover that “things go to pieces.” This statement means that something incorrectly will happen. This shows Achebe utilizing portending to give knowledge into what may occur straightaway. Part 10 “Okonkwo’s spouses, and maybe other ladies too, might have seen that the secondegwugwuhad the springy stroll of Okonkwo. Furthermore, they may likewise have seen that Okonkwo was not among the titled men and senior citizens who sat behind the column ofegwugwu. In any case, on the off chance that they thought these things they remained quiet about them.” (Pages 89-90) This statement depicts a scene in much detail while additionally utilizing humor. The “insightful hush” of the ladies is greatly unexpected. The statement uncovers the disposition of ladies on the theme of energy. Here, the ladies likewise uncover that they gangs more information of reality when contrasted with what they wish to uncover. Along these lines, Achebe appears to perceive the significance and correspondence of ladies, something which was not typically respected in a male prevailing society. Section 11 “‘Go home and rest,’ said Okonkwo. ‘I should hold up here.'” (Page 108) Okonkwo appears to really adore his family. He additionally appears to have honest to goodness worry over the welfare and prosperity of his youngsters. In this statement, Okonkwo exhibits his worry over the wellbeing of his family. Albeit some would contend that Okonkwo’s “iron fisted” run plainly demonstrates no adoration for his family, I would vary. Maybe, these beatings, rather, spoke to the way individuals acted in the general public around then. Physical discipline was extremely normal in the time. In this way, it is conceivable that Okonkwo was just utilizing the beatings as a technique to show his youngsters teach. Fundamentally, Okonwo adores his family, in any case, he is hesitant to demonstrate this quality since her feelings of dread that it may depict him as being female. Part 12 “Okonkwo was likewise feeling tired, and languid, for in spite of the fact that no one else knew it, he had not dozed at all last night.” (Page 112) Part 12 denotes the first occasion when that Okonkwo is by all accounts tired. This was a quality that he disdained. Achebe demonstrates Okonkwo’s tiredness to strife with his prior convictions. This demonstrates Okonkwo’s deceptive nature. The way that Okonkwo broke his pledge is vital since they were the establishment of his life. This will cause issues for him promote on in the novel.>