“Sartre: Radical Freedom”
Questions for Chapter Eleven: “Sartre: Radical Freedom”
1. Summarize the second paragraph of the chapter.
2. Summarize the fifth paragraph of the section: “Theory of Human Nature: Existence and Essence, Negation and Freedom.” (The paragraph beginning with “Every aspect…”)
3. According to the textbook chapter, what does Sartre mean by “anguish”? How is this related to the existentialist notion of “bad faith”?
4. Many people deny they have a free-will. Often we hear statements like: “I am just the type of person who ________” or “I had no choice, I had to stay late at work” or “you make me so mad!”. In all of these examples, the individual is dodging responsibility by saying that they had no free agency in the situation. For Sartre and the existentialists, all of life comes down to free choices. We choose our attitudes, who we hang out with, whether we follow orders at work, etc. Even addiction, for Sartre, is the final result of a series of free choices. With this in mind, answer the following question: Imagine you are a college professor. What are two examples of bad faith (dodging responsibility) you might encounter from your students on a regular basis? Be specific.
Minimum word count for this response: 350 words.