INVESTIGATIVE STUDY – Pretend play in middle childhood

CHECK BELOW, IT EXPLAINS BIT MORE. WRITING/REPORTING YOUR STUDY
There are 3 ways in which you can write your investigative study: 1. Essay format 2. Experimental report format 3. Question and Answer format Any of the listed formats are acceptable as long as you have focused on and answered the 5 main questions related to your study; your report has an introduction including appropriate theory; you have used your data to discuss study outcomes; your discussion is related to the topic and supported with research, outcomes and relevant theory; has a valid conclusion; includes your reflection questions; and is appropriately referenced. A suggested format may be: General introduction to your study (Paragraph only) Detailed Introduction (incl. theoretical/empirical/literature review) Question 1 (incorporating your data in relevant APA formatted Tables or Figures) , Question 2, Question 3, becomes your discussion section in essay format or your results and discussion in research report format. Question 4- Conclusion Question 5-Reflection Questions Reference list (Minimum 9 JOURNAL articles incl. the core article) in APA 6th ed. style DON’T FORGET TO MAKE SURE YOU USE THE MARKING CRITERIA AS A GUIDE FOR THE THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL DEPTH REQUIRED TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.

Pretend play in middle childhood

Smith, E. D. & Lillard, A. S. (2012). Play on: Retrospective reports of the persistence of pretend play
into middle childhood. Journal of Cognition and Development, 13 (4), 534-549.

RECORD INFORMATION ON YOUR DATA Table, AND USE IT TO ADDRESS THE QUESTIONS BELOW. THIS SHEET MUST BE PRESENTED IN YOUR APPENDIX

Data Table-1

Participant-1
Participant-2
Participant-3
Participant-4

Age 44 36 19 25
Gender male Female Male Female
Culture/ethnicity Sri Lankan Sri Lankan Australian Australian

1. Describe earliest pretend play memory
age of earliest pretend play memory

What did you pretend and with whom?

Police officer with friends

Around 4 or 5

Chef, shops, doctors and police with siblings

Around 6

Cops, doctor with my sister and friends
Around 4

Princess, teacher, with cousins and friends

2. At what age were you pretending most frequently?

How did you pretend?
(toys, props).

7 – 9

I was chasing thieves

Using Props – stick
7 – 9

Being a shopper

Toys and props Maybe around 7

My dad is doctor so I used to put his coat and play
Around 7

Wearing different dresses, props
3. When did you stop pretending?

Around 13

Around 12
Around 10
Around 11 or 12
4. What fantastical entities did you believe in?

Age that you stopped believing in fantastical entities?
Angel

After going to primary school

After going to primary school Tooth fairy
Angels

In primary school around 6 years old or 7 Tooth fairy
Princesses
Angels

Around 7
5. Reasons for stopping pretend play Thought too old to play like that and other people will tease More responsibilities and shy Started playing video games. Lost in normal games Got more interested in other games like board games and also other were teasing
6. Encouragement from parent/caregiver
They did encourage Until certain age they encouraged then after that My parents didn’t encourage me doing pretend play My parent did encourage till certain point then they put in activity classes, discourage it by saying I am too old

Consider the following Questions in Writing/Reporting your study:

1. Based on your interviews, describe patterns of pretend play/imaginary companions across childhood outlined by your participants. Where applicable relate to theory and literature. (Observations)

2. Outline the similarities and differences in the responses of your participants across age and cultural backgrounds regarding pretend play in childhood (refer to your data sheets). You must relate your answers to the core article Smith & Lillard (2012). (Data and data analysis; your comprehension about the collected information in comparison to the core article; relating your data to existing literature)

3. Compare and contrast the issues you identified in relation to patterns of pretend play (refer to your data sheets) with those reported in the core article, theories, and research. Discuss the implications of pretend play for child development (Discussion)

4. What do you conclude from your study? (Conclusion)

5. Reflect on the following questions at the end of your investigative study (Reflection questions)

a. What are you trying to accomplish?
b. Did you succeed? Why? Why not?
c. What is the strongest aspect of this work? Why?
d. What aspect is most in need of reworking? Why?

YOUR FINAL CHECK LIST PRIOR TO SUBMISSION:

Make a final check of the following before submitting your work
Is there a general Introductory paragraph in your final version?
Is there an Introduction related to theory and previous research in your final version?
Have you answered all the 5 questions related to your study?
Have you incorporated information from your readings?
Have you referred to your first hand data collection sheets?
Have you included information from your field notes?
Have you incorporated journal articles into your study so that inferences are supported in an academic manner?
Do you have a conclusion at the end?
Do your references have a wide variety of information sources and resources (e.g. text, journal articles)?
Have you answered the reflection questions separately?
Is your word-count inclusive of the reflection questions (2000-2500 words)?
Is your formatting consistent with APA?
Is your in-text referencing consistent with APA 6th ed?
Is your reference list complete and consistent with APA (6th ed)?

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