For this research report, I have do the MCQ (Multiple Choice Question) and Flickering Dots Test (FDT) for a total of 6 hypothesis. Please see the instruction PDF if anything unclear. Other statistical information are in the SPSS, I have provide the output of the SPSS for the 6 hypothesis I do for this research report as well as the number of participants for each group in the forms of PDF attached. Please feel free to contact me if any concerns or information need, I will be checking status regularly.
For this assignment, the class will participate in an experiment which each of you will write up individually as a research report with the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, References, and Appendices (if required).
In order to successfully complete this assignment, you will need to
conduct a literature review of around 20 relevant peer-reviewed journal articles in the area (I’d expect around 15 will be relevant enough for you to cite in your report and therefore include in your References;
integrate and critically evaluate the evidence in the articles, leading logically to the research hypotheses
obtain descriptive statistics and conduct inferential tests using SPSS
correctly report the results of the analyses and critically interpret the results, leading to your own claims about your results
point out the significance of your research for psychological theory, practice, and/or policy
cite references in text and compile a References list according to APA (v6) guidelines
You may work in small groups at the following stages if you wish: finding references and developing skills at critiquing the evidence in the early weeks, and discussing the results of your analysis in the weeks before the report is due. However, every student should have a different set of references because it is expected that every student will follow different trails of evidence when developing hypotheses. Each student must individually analyse the data, and interpret the results. In particular, each research report must be substantially different, except for parts of the method and results sections which will necessarily be similar.
Your research report should be submitted on the Research Report Template, which includes a Cover Sheet and marking proforma/feedback sheet, and is available on the course homepage. The assignment must be submitted via Learnonline.
You should submit a draft of your assignment (which will generate a Turnitin report) at least a day prior to the assessment due date and it is expected that you will review the Turnitin report and make any necessary changes prior to submitting the final copy of your assignment. Note
that if your submitted assignment file is corrupted you will be required to resubmit your assignment. The date on which a readable file is submitted to Learnonline will be deemed to be the date of submission. If this is after the due date a late penalty of 5% per working day will be applied to the assignment. It is your responsibility to ensure that the assignment file you submit is not corrupted and that a Turnitin report is generated for the assignment. Requests for extensions must be submitted at least three days prior to the assignment due date. All applications for extension must be made via the Extension request link on the course Learnonline page and include supporting documentation (eg medical certificate, letter from counsellor). Students will be notified (via Learnonline) whether or not the extension has been granted (and the new submission date where appropriate). An assignment handed in after the due date for which an extension has not been granted will lose 5% per working day. Assignments will not normally be accepted once marked assignments have been returned to the class (and if accepted will receive a maximum mark of 50%). The ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM word limit for this assignment is 3000 words (excluding the cover page, reference list and appendix but including in-text citation). Marks will be deducted from papers exceeding this limit based on the percentage by which the limit is exceeded. For example, a 3300 word paper is 10% over the limit and would have 10% deducted; a 3210 word paper is 7% over the limit and would have 7% deducted.
There is an expectation that you conform to APA (American Psychological Association) v6 referencing style. Please refer to the UniSA Library resources (see link on the Resources tab on the course homepage) for help with referencing and literature searching.
Data for the Research Report will be collected during Week 1 – see the Week 1 Practical Instructions. You will be provided with detailed instructions for the Research Report in the Week 2 Practical and the Week 7 Lecture. You will conduct the data analysis in the Week 8 Practical. You can find all of the Research Report resources by clicking on the orange Research Report button on the left of the course page.
MULTI-TASKING AND COGNITIVE/ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
“The growth and expansion of communication technology have created a multitasking generation of students who believe they are utilizing time more effectively by performing two or more tasks simultaneously. Multitasking refers to the concurrent processing of two or more tasks through a process of context switching. However, research by neuroscientists show that multitasking reduces the brain’s ability to effectively retrieve information.” Ellis, Daniels, Jauregui (2010, p1).
In this Research Report we are exploring your ability to multitask with social networking sites/applications (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc.) – whilst studying. Specifically we’ll be exploring the impact of that such social networking multitasking has on your performance in some complex cognitive tests and on a measure of academic performance.
Students attended their regular practical class in week 1 and were randomly allocated to their experimental condition and were given the following instructions:
Complete the cognitive tasks while paying full attention to them (NO multitasking)
Multitasking (eg Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) SAME Device (MSD)
Complete the cognitive tasks while multitasking on the SAME DEVICE as you are using to complete the cognitive tests & chapter reading (using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc the way you normally would whilst studying)
Multitasking (eg Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) DIFFERENT Device (MDD)
Complete the cognitive tasks while multitasking on a DIFFERENT DEVICE to the one you are using to complete the cognitive tests & chapter reading (using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc the way you normally would whilst studying)
Regardless of which group you have been allocated to, you completed the tasks (cognitive tests, chapter reading & quiz) as your HOMEWORK for Cognitive Psychology. This meant that you completed it at the time & place where you would normally complete your homework.
I then explained the tasks to be completed, all of which were accessed via hyperlinks in the Week 1 Practical Instructions.
Participants completed four cognitive tests via the Test My Brain site (see the Education tab on the Test My Brain site for how to reference the tests) under their experimental conditions. The four tests were: Flicker Dot Test (FDT); Visual Reasoning Test (VRT); Visual Memory Test (VMT); Matching Shapes and Numbers (MSN). These tested your real-time performance on challenging cognitive tasks.
Participants also read Chapter 10 of the textbook under their experimental conditions. Finally, those in the Multitasking SAME device and Multitasking DIFFERENT device conditions shut down all of their social networking and all participants answered 10 Multiple Choice Questions about the chapter under ideal conditions (focussing their attention on the task). This measured your retention of information learned whilst multitasking.
Finally, participants submitted their results via a Tellus survey which included demographic questions and questions about their use of social networking.
Begin your literature search by reading the following articles
o Ellis, Y., Daniels, B., & Jauregui, A. (2010). The effect of multitasking on the grade performance of business students. Research in Higher Education Journal, 8(1).
o Karpinski, A. C., Kirschner, P. A., Ozer, I., Mellott, J. A., & Ochwo, P. (2013). An exploration of social networking site use, multitasking, and academic performance among United States and European university students. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 1182-1192.
o Kirschner, P. A., & Karpinski, A. C. (2010). Facebook® and academic performance. Computers in human behavior, 26(6), 1237-1245.
o Yeykelis, L., Cummings, J. J., & Reeves, B. (2014). Multitasking on a single device: Arousal and the frequency, anticipation, and prediction of switching between media content on a computer. Journal of Communication, 64(1), 167-192.
Then conduct a literature search to find the rest of your references. I would expect you to find and read around 20 articles and to refer to and cite in text around 15 (yes this may include the articles above). All articles listed in the References must be cited in the body of the text (most will be in your Introduction, some may only appear in the Materials section and some may only be cited in your Discussion) and referenced in the appropriate way (APA v6 format). This issue is multidisciplinary – so don’t limit your search just to Psychology journals – you’ll find a lot of information in recent education articles.
Performance on the MCQ measures the impact that multitasking with social networking in the learning phase has on subsequent test performance. You will ALL be using the results of the MCQ test.
Read the literature with a view to predicting what how the three groups (Control, MSD and MDD) will perform on the MCQ test.
You MUST develop three hypotheses or research questions based on the comparisons below:
o Control vs MSD on the MCQ
o Control vs MDD on the MCQ
o MSD vs MDD on the MCQ In addition to this you must compare the performance of the three groups on ONE of the TMB tests
o The four TMB tests measure different aspects of the real time interference of multitasking with social networking on different aspects of cognitive performance. I would recommend that you complete the tests a second time – but this time as the experimenter – so recording what the tests ask you to do, what demands they are making (eg does the test require sustained attention, do you have to learn something to be able to do the test, does the test involve your spatial skills?), how many trials there are, what you are scored on (is it speed or accuracy related) etc. Then think about how multitasking or dividing your attention between the TMB test and social networking might impact on your test performance.
o You must develop an ADDITIONAL three hypotheses or research questions based on the comparisons below:
Control vs MSD on your chosen TMB test
Control vs MDD on your chosen TMB test
MSD vs MDD on your chosen TMB test
Each of you will need to develop a coherent argument, based on your own reading to justify your six hypotheses, and it is expected therefore that everyone’s introduction and argument will be different, depending on the articles you read and how you interpret them. Your hypotheses/research questions need to be justified by your argument, and you need to present evidence in the form of empirical or theoretical research findings.