The Majority and Minority leadership of the state House and Senate convened for breakfast to discuss a solution to the absolute impasse which had developed in the state budget process.
Coming to agreement on the budget has never been easy, but this year was proving to be impossible. The two legislators leading the debate had very different views of how to close the state’s $5 billion gap.
Key areas of concern included:
• a state retirement system that is under-funded;
• insufficient highway funds to cover improvements to roads
• crumbling public buildings due to delayed maintenance;
• funding shortfalls for mandated education programs;
• higher costs for social services; and
• a burgeoning prison population.
While the governor encouraged compromise and collaboration, roughly equal numbers of legislators were lining up to support the proposals made by either Senator Margie Jones or Representative Curt Mayer.
Senator Jones, a former county finance director with strong ties to local government, was concerned about the impact of the proposed cuts in services in combination with various unfunded state mandates. Her financial background also made her wary of the long-term impact of the debt and the state IOU’s, arguing the state could not afford to risk its bond ratings.
Her objections to many of the ideas for balancing the budget were that they afford a “one-time fix” that will only force the debt onto future generations. “Without real fiscal reform, we will continue to leave the bill to our children or to turn to the state lottery and gaming casinos to get us out of this mess. We might as well run a bake sale. We need to fix the broken system, and that will include raising taxes as well as monitoring spending.”
Arguing the alternate view was Representative Mayer, who owned several car dealerships before his election. “I ran on fiscal responsibility, and that is what the voters want,” he said in a letter to the editor. “The citizens have no stomach for more taxes. Individuals in our state have learned to cut back their expenses, and it’s time for the government to do the same.”
While both agreed there might be some savings found by consolidating state agencies and putting a freeze on new hires, their approaches were quite different. “Raising taxes will drive away business and stifle economic development,” said Representative Mayer. “The wide range of services we offer the public cannot continue, and each one of us will have to tighten our belt.” Senator Jones, on the other hand, was adamant that the social service safety net remain in place, noting “We’ve already cut some programs to the bone, and I believe the public is willing to pay more to support those in need.”
The labor unions, consumer groups, teachers’ federation, medical care employees, prison guards, and lobbyists representing key industries in the state were weighing in, but no one seemed willing to offer a compromise. To make matters worse, the Democrats and Republicans were gearing up for an election that would determine the legislative majority, so collaboration across the aisle wasn’t likely. Potential “defectors” within each party had been instructed to follow the party line.
1. What responsibility does the leadership have to resolve a stalemate?
2. How does a legislative leader balance his or her responsibilities to the district’s constituents, to all the citizens of the state, to the members of the legislature as a whole, and to the members of his or her own party?
3. If the budget is a values statement, how should a legislator vote? Does your vote reflect your values or those of your constituents?
4. Is it important to consider the impact of the fiscal decisions made today on the future generation? When is it appropriate to ask the next generation to pay the bills we incur today?
5. What issues or values should you be willing to “trade off” in order to come to agreement on the budget?
6. In this era in which the media remind you of every promise you ever made, how can a legislator respond to a changed economy or changed statewide needs?
7. What values help you decide between competing and compelling needs? Between providing health care for uninsured children or drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs? Between neonatal care and end-of-life care?
8. When should you be willing to risk the support of your constituents and your contributors and perhaps the wrath of the local editorial board by taking an unpopular position?
9. When should a legislator cross party lines to resolve an impasse and enable legislative action?
Vampires are broadly known for their smooth back dark hair, fanged teeth and dark and red capes; be that as it may, in the network show ‘Buffy the Vampire Slayer’ these conventions have made diverse path for female warriors and ghoulish beasts. We each have our own particular distinctive musings about what and vampires’ identity, however the media utilize their energy on open to make a solid picture of what are vampires ‘should’ look like and have embraced conventions accepted for a long time. Keeping in mind the end goal to augment seeing figure, the maker’s of ‘Buffy the Vampire Slayer’ have made a decent blend of the ghastliness type and the regular, traditional American secondary school appear. This blend of various kinds is reasonable for a wide range of class or age gatherings and tastes. The main scene is titled ‘Welcome to Hellmouth’ this name is an interesting expression as it utilizes words that express great and awful. The development to the scene demonstrates a youthful couple breaking into the school through a window in the science lab. This activity advertisements pressure as well as demonstrates a connection amongst science and the heavenly, something that has been discussed for a long time. The lady transforms into a green repulsive creature and executes that kid. This is extremely uncommon for a vampire story as customarily vampires did not look like creatures and furthermore they just assaulted vulnerable females. The scene begins appropriately when Buffy Summers, a 16 years of age young lady moves to Sunnydale, from LA with her mom. This isn’t the setting that the gathering of people would expect for a vampire story as the word ‘Sunnydale’ barely illustrates a dull, awfulness put loaded with vampires. Along these lines, this name subverts the customary signifier’s. On the principal day of school, the prevalent young lady named Cordelia enlists Buffy into the cool group, Buffy endeavors to be companions with three other students,Willow, Xander and Jesse. This motion demonstrates to us that Buffy is a decent judge of character, solid disapproved and that she is a pioneer not a devotee. Buffy goes to the school library to get some course readings. The library, in spite of the fact that a more surprising setting was significantly more like something from a vampire story, it was dim and discharge. To include pressure the makers utilized ‘terrifying’ disconnected music to attempt and set the scene and the camera moves in onto a daily paper article, to which you can read the feature which alludes to a missing adolescent kid. This article throws a question mark over the ‘typical’ pleasant Sunnydale. At that point a figure shows up behind Buffy, it is Buffy’s new watcher and the new school librarian,Giles. He carries a book with ‘Vampyr’ on the cover and drives Buffy away. This embraces the old customs as the book was old, and brimming with webs, potentially to add more secret to this area. The spelling ‘Vampyr’ again features the books age and tries to influence it to look significantly more odd, this additionally brings more history and convention into the scene, two components that are imperative to any gothic style story. The show appears to take an alternate wind when a dead body is found in the school evolving rooms. It is unordinary that the body was found in the school and another great point to note is that the casualty was a man, which is surprising for a vampire story, as generally the casualties were all vulnerable females. Buffy to examine and found the body was executed by vampires. At home, Buffy gets ready for her night out to the ‘Bronze,’ Sunnydale’s just night club. Her mum imagines that everything will work out in Sunnydale and that they will have the capacity to have a cheerful life there. It is extremely unexpected as Buffy realizes that terrible things are practically around the bend and furthermore this demonstrates her mom is unconscious that she is a ‘vampire slayer’. On her way to the Bronze, Buffy faculties she is being taken after and heads into a back street. A tall young fellow leaves the shadows hunting down her. She swings down from a bar above him and thumps him to the ground. He guarantees not to chomp and that he simply needs to help her. This area embraces up to the point where Buffy swings down and assaults the man. He cautions her of the Harvest and enlightens her concerning the Hellmouth. This name paints an awful picture in the gathering of people’s psyches and it is the inverse to Sunnydale. Later at the Bronze, Buffy visits with Willow about young men. She tries to motivate Willow to quit pausing and to ‘grab the day.’ Buffy spots Giles upstairs and goes up to converse with him. He keeps on revealing to her she is the Slayer and must choose between limited options. At first the setting for this scene may appear to be absolutely radical in a vampire style story, however after idea the scene is dim and brimming with youthful potential casualties so is a cutting edge adjustment of the settings for the more seasoned stories. For instance, the more conventional stories were set in a burial ground or ‘spooky’ house, which was dim and the time was dependably in the dead of night. These qualities can likewise be connected to the dance club utilized as a part of Buffy, as it too is dull and individuals just go to these clubs amid the hours of darkness.The indicate appears to take an alternate contort when a dead body is found in the school evolving rooms. It is irregular that the body was found in the school and another great point to note is that the casualty was a man, which is abnormal for a vampire story, as customarily the casualties were all exposed females. Buffy to examine and found the body was executed by vampires. At home, Buffy gets ready for the night out to the ‘Bronze,’ the main night club in Sunnydale. Her mum believes that everything will be fine in Sunnydale and they can have an upbeat life there. It is exceptionally amusing as Buffy realizes that awful things are practically around the bend and furthermore this demonstrates her mom is ignorant that she is a ‘vampire slayer’. On her way to the club, Buffy faculties she is being taken after and heads into a back street. A tall young fellow leaves the shadows hunting down her. She swings down from a bar above him and thumps him to the ground. He guarantees not to chomp and that he simply needs to help her. This area underwrites up to the point where Buffy swings down and assaults the man. He cautions her of the Harvest and enlightens her concerning the Hellmouth. This name paints a terrible picture in the gathering of people’s brains and it is the inverse to Sunnydale. Later at the Bronze, Buffy visits with Willow about young men. She tries to motivate Willow to quit pausing and to ‘grab the day.’ Buffy spots Giles upstairs and goes up to converse with him. He keeps on revealing to her she is the Slayer and must choose between limited options. At first the setting for this scene may appear to be absolutely radical in a vampire style story, however after idea the setting is dull and loaded with youthful potential casualties so is a cutting edge adjustment of the settings for the more seasoned stories. For instance, the more conventional stories were set in a memorial park or ‘spooky’ house, which was dull and the time was dependably in the dead of night. These attributes can likewise be connected to the dance club utilized as a part of Buffy, as it too is dull and individuals just go to these clubs amid the hours of murkiness. Buffy detects a vampire in the group underneath them and afterward understands he’s conversing with Willow. The person leaves with Willow as Buffy goes hunting down him. She erroneously assaults Cordelia and afterward practically ruins her odds for fame. As Buffy leaves, she keeps running into Xander and asks him where Willow may have gone or else there will be one all the more dead body tomorrow. The vampire figures out how to lead Willow into the burial ground where he tosses her into a tomb stone. As he tries to get away, Darla lands with Jesse. Buffy and Xander turn up and Buffy murders one of the vampires and after that battles with Darla as Xander gets Willow and Jesse out to wellbeing. A vampire shows up and battles with Buffy. While they are battling, Darla departures to get Jesse, Xander and Willow. The vampire tosses Buffy into a casket where he bounces in and inclines in to nibble. Aside from Buffy, a female warrior, who figures out how to assault every one of the vampires independent. This completion underwrites the signifiers we think off when we discuss vampires. As the setting, a burial ground is the standard place for an assault in a gothic or vampire story. It is additionally fascinating to take note of that the scene finishes up with a cliffhanger, a surprising completion for some gothic style stories and movies. As customarily, the story completed with either the passing of a casualty or of the aggressor. In any TV program or highlight film, camera points and impacts are essential as they depict certain sentiments that the makers need to show to the group of onlookers, these might be something like influencing the gathering of people to think a character is little and frail by utilizing a high edge shot, which looks down on the character. Or on the other hand you could utilize the contrary impact by influencing a character to look solid and effective from utilizing a low point shot (turning upward). In ‘Buffy The Vampire Slayer’ they makers utilize one impact which is highlighted on a few events. This is the place a brisk arrangement of blazing pictures is introduced to the watchers; this strategy is known as a ‘montage of pictures.’ In scene 1 this element is utilized twice, in the main case, the montage is utilized as a title grouping and shows pictures that both subvert and embrace the traditions, including pictures of signifiers including dark felines, stakes and green creatures alongside present day things like female warriors. This succession guarantees watchers quick pace, all activity diversion and shows clasps of future scenes so as to empower ceaseless review all through the arrangement. The second montage is demonstrated where Buffy is sleeping envisioning toward the start of the real program, after the presentation and the title grouping. This arrangement of pictures is demonstrating the gathering of people that she is eager as there is some sort of contortion in the pictures, and some are not completely noticeable. This influences the watchers to attempt to and comprehend the arrangement and the dominant part recommend that Buffy is engaged with some way or another with vampires or as a defender of some portrayal. The pictures indicated incorporate an old book which proposes the social history of vampires, a cro>