Stephen Hemmerling was a driver for the Happy Cab Co. Hemmerling paid certain fixed expenses and abided by a variety of rules related to the use of the cab, the hours that could be worked, and the solicitation of fares, among other things. Rates were set by the state. Happy Cab did not withhold taxes from Hemmerling’s pay. While driving the cab, Hemmerling was injured in an accident and filed a claim against Happy Cab in a Nebraska state court for Worker’s Compensation benefits. Such benefits are not available to independent contractors. The Supreme Court of Nebraska determined that he was in fact an employee. Do you agree with the courts decision, why or why not?
Outsider Hand Syndrome: Causes and Effects Distributed: 23rd April, 2018 Last Edited: 23rd April, 2018 Disclaimer: This paper has been presented by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert article scholars. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any assessments, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Nia Helyar What is Alien Hand Syndrome and for what reason does it happen? Talk about in connection to at least one contextual investigations. Outsider hand disorder is an irregular automatic issue whereby the hand demonstrations of its ‘own unrestrained choice’. Be that as it may, outsider hand disorder isn’t reliably or accurately characterized. Outsider hand disorder depicts complex, objective coordinated action in one hand that isn’t deliberately started by the individual yet is top notch (Mark, 2007). This disorder is a to a great degree perplexing marvel experienced by cerebrum harmed patients whereby their appendage performs deliberate activities without the expectation of the patient (Biran, et al., 2006). The patient can’t clarify the correct wellspring of development from the hand and may really think about the hand to have its very own psyche (Mark, 2007). It is caused by sores to the frontal projections and corpus callosum (Banks et al., 1989) and by and large takes after intense central cerebral damage. The most widely recognized causes are cerebral hemispheric stroke, extreme cerebrum harm or harm to the corpus callosum, for example, in medical procedure, which is utilized to treat serious epilepsy. The corpus callosum interfaces the two sides of the equator, thusly medical procedure to this region of the cerebrum can lead there to be less or no correspondence between the sides of the equator which can prompt appendages acting voluntarily. Outsider hand disorder can likewise be found in patients who experience the ill effects of an assortment of degenerative, twisting cerebral issue, for example, Alzheimer’s (Mark, 2007). Because of the various distinctive reasons for outsider hand disorder there are numerous varieties of the condition. Thusly, it has been that outsider hand disorder is an umbrella term for a heterogeneous arrangement of side effects (Chokar et al., 2014). There have been reports of patients who were not able prevent their outsider hand from snatching and seizing adjacent items with no eager from their body (Kumral, 2001). This can be seen by the investigation of patient JC, a 56 year old man who had experienced a left hemispheric stroke, with harm stretching out to the corpus callosum. A month after his stroke he whined of impossible to miss uncontrolled developments of his hand. His hand would get things done “as if it has its very own psyche, for example, playing with light switches, getting a handle on and holding things. Much of the time the patient wound up in the circumstance where the correct hand restricted the left hand without the patient doing as such. Moreover, the outsider hand caused the patient trouble in eating due to the restricting conduct of the privilege and left hand (Biran, Giovannetti, Buxbaum, and Chatterjee 2006). Frequently, a patient needs to utilize their other willing hand to prise open their fingers and discharge the protest which the outsider hand has gotten a handle on (Kumral, 2001). Patients watch and experience their own particular appendages completing deliberate practices over which they have no or next to no control. In one case it was noticed that a patient had gotten a pencil and started jotting with the correct hand. She showed she had not started the activity with the correct arm, she encountered a sentiment separation from the activities of the correct arm, expressing that `it won’t do what I need it to do’ (Goldberg et al.1981). This outsider appendage may disturb developments of the other appendage that is really reacting to the goals of the patient (Akelaitis, 1944-45). Patients can encounter their appendages acting without being guided by their own will (Bogen, 1993, fisher, 2000). Bogen, J. E. (1993) discovered his outsider hand fixing the catches of his shirt even as his “solid” appendage attempted to catch the shirt. The errant appendage is known to not rest amid rest now and again and patients with outsider hand disorder have woken up to locate their outsider appendages gagging them (Banks et al, 1989). In one case the patient’s `left hand would tirelessly grab for and get a handle on any close-by question, pick and draw at her garments, and even handle her throat amid rest . . . . She laid down with the arm fixing to counteract nighttime misconduct.’ However, she never denied that her hand had a place with her (Banks et al. 1989). This is an essential piece of this disorder; the patient does not deny obligation regarding the hand or the conduct that it completes. Two kinds of conduct are shown with this disorder, monotonous automatic getting a handle on and one-sided objective coordinated appendage conduct. Patients plainly perceive that there is a disparity between what the hand is doing and their coveted activities. The patients are annoyed with the activities of the hand and will frequently endeavor to keep it from moving by getting a handle on it immovably with the other hand (Frith, 2000). MP was a patient who had an activity to repair a burst aneurysm of the front correspondence supply route. Inside two years she was not able live freely with her family because of the manner by which the outsider hand disorder was influencing her life (Sala, 1998). An outsider hand sufferer can feel ordinary sensation in the hand, however trusts that the hand, while still piece of their body, acts in a way that is absolutely unmistakable from them. They feel that they have no influence over the developments of their outsider hand however that, rather, the hand has the capacity of acting free of their cognizant control. Outsider hands can perform complex acts, for example, evacuating apparel which can be seen from cases above. In some cases the sufferer won’t know about what the hand is doing until the point that it is conveyed to his or her consideration. Patients every now and again report awe and dissatisfaction at these errant appendages. Generally, outsider hand disorder is hard to clarify as there are a wide range of causes and manifestations that can be depicted as this condition. Nonetheless, one indication that is evident all through the numerous contextual investigations is that the outsider hand acts against the eager of the patient. The condition is amazingly perplexing and despite the fact that numerous causes are side effects are known there is still a long way to go about it. Additionally examine is in this way required.>