Teacher Education

 

1. What model of teacher education is most appropriate for initial teacher preparation courses in a context with which you are familiar? Justify your choice and make reference to your own experience of pre-service training, either as a student teacher and/or trainer.

ASSESSMENT
This module is assessed by means of one 3500 word assignment.

TOPICS
1. What model of teacher education is most appropriate for initial teacher preparation courses in a context with which you are familiar? Justify your choice and make reference to your own experience of pre-service training, either as a student teacher and/or trainer.

In this assignment you should aim to cover the following:
• A description of a context, together with an analysis of the needs of pre-service trainee teachers in that context
• Critical discussion of alternative models of teacher education
• Constraints imposed by factors relevant to the specific context
• Rationale for the choice of approach adopted

Description of the context
→ The importance of English
→ There is much higher of ELT in a field of education nowadays, …..
→ TESOL in general and importance.
→ Initial teacher preparation in the UK (e.g. MA TESOL)
> about the course: It is designed to fulfill the needs of experienced or novice teachers with a theoretical context of language teaching and learning.
> aims: to develop the professional career in english language teaching in the UK or internationally.
> Mode: part-time and full-time students.

Constraints imposed by factors relevant to the specific context
→limitation of the MA TESOL is
Lacking the balance of theories and practice
> Most of them are not including practical course
Lacking the opportunity to fulfill the important needs of TESOL students.
> Some crucial courses e.g. sociolinguistic, assessment, are optional which sometimes they are limited number of students.

Analysis of the needs of pre-service trainee teachers in the context
→ Teacher knowledge (Shulman, 1986)
1. Content knowledge e.g. tenses, grammar, linguistic features
2. General pedagogical knowledge e.g. knowledge of belief, motivation, classroom management
3. Curriculum knowledge
4. Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK): how to present the content in the diverse way that students can understand e.g. language teaching methodology
5. Knowledge of learners and their characteristics
6. Knowledge of educational contexts
7. Knowledge of educational ends and values

Critical discussion of alternative models of teacher education
→ Craft model
– description of craft model
– Behaviorism e.g. Model-based, micro teaching (Robert, 1998)
Advantages
• Focus on the field
• The trainers could be the model that easy to imitate, especially when the trainers have more hierarchy in social level.
Disadvantages
• Passive receivers between students and teachers
• Imitation and conservative
→ Applied science
– description of applied science
Advantage
• Apply theory and practice in the actual teaching
• Provide opportunity to receive knowledge or new theories to apply pedagogical implication
Disadvantage
• Theories-based only that could not apply in to teachers to face the real life classroom situations

→ Reflective
– description of reflective model
– separated into 3 stages (Wallace, 1991)
> 1. The pre-training:
It is believed that trainees or pre-service teachers mostly take part in the programme with knowledge or experience.
> 2. The professional development:
Theories and experience are adopted to practice in order to increase the professional development.
> 3. The professional competence:
The target goal of this model is to achieve the professional competence.
– to reach the professional education, Wallace (1991) pointed out two kinds of knowledge development: 1) Received knowledge: all related to the theories
2) Experiential knowledge: developed by trainee throughout the teaching practice
– Individualism/ Cognitivism/ Constructivism (Roberts, 1998)
• Reflective e.g. self-awareness activities
• Experiential e.g. loop input methods

Advantages and rationale for the reflective approach adapted for initial teacher
→ Reflective approach

1. Adopted the strengths of both approach — Craft and Applied science.
a. You could imitate your trainer in teaching practice (from Craft)
b. You could adopt the theories in the MA TESOL to use in CELTA (from Applied)
2. According to three stages, stage two is the most relevant stage particularly for novice teachers because it provides an opportunity for them to put their own teaching ideas instead of relying on the specific theories or teaching pattern.
3. It also meets the need of initial teachers in terms of theories(received knowledge) e.g. Knowledge about language and teaching practice (experiential knowledge) e.g. Pedagogical content knowledge.
4. It’s practical for initial teachers to deal with the real classroom problems.

` Reference

Robert (1998)
Wallace (1991)

http://tanvirdhaka.blogspot.com/2011/01/models-of-teacher-education.html

Teacher Education Circle (2)

Sample Solution

find the cost of your paper