Attentional bias

Based on the attentional control theory (Eysenck et al. 2007), anxiety increases attention to threat-related stimuli, and therefore leads to increased use of cognitive resources as a result of attentional bias. Should state anxiety (currently experienced level of anxiety) also affect threat-related attentional bias, not just on individual with anxiety disorders as most studies indicate? This study aims to investigable the effect of state anxiety level on attentional bias and their relationship, as well as raise the awareness that anxiety may interferes with cognitive tasks in the workplace or school (the last point needs to be refined).

Investigate the effect of state anxiety level in healthy population using emotional Stroop test to find out the effect of threat-related words on decreasing the reaction time as distractors compared with neutral words. State anxiety will be evaluated using State-trait Anxiety Inventory—Short form (Marteau & Bekker, 1992). Hypophysis will be there will be an interaction effect between the level of state-trait anxiety and valence of emotional stimuli, threat related stimuli will increase Stroop interference the most when anxiety level is high.

 

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