Critical analysis is a central process in all academic work. It involves thinking critically, which is applying rational and logical thinking, while deconstructing the information that you research/study. When we think critically, we are thinking actively. This means that we do not passively accept everything we read and hear, so that we can question, evaluate, make judgments, find connections, and categorize information. It means we remain open to other points of view and are not blinded by our own biases.
1. Topic; Can you appoint friends or family to commissions or boards to serve in your public office (In America)?
2. The research paper requires a public administration topic selection that focuses on an ethical scenario that confronts you in public administration.
3. What is the problem that you want to investigate? State the problem as a question.
4. Why does this problem interest you?
5. What does the literature say? Find three to five research-based articles about the topic as a literature review.
6. What did you learn about this topic in relation to addressing the problem that you researched? What new knowledge, recommendations, or proposed solutions have you uncovered?
Passage’s Value Enhancement Plan intends to adjust the premiums of different investors by offering them diverse choices – the decision of $20 in real money, extra new basic offers or a blend of money and new offer. In view of the accompanying examination, Ford ought to proceed with Value Enhancement Plan. Normal for VEP The Value Enhancement Plan has the component of stock split and offer repurchase. Trading existing offers for new offers on a one-for-one premise, investors are likewise offered the choice to reinvest $20 to get extra new Ford regular offers. In this sense, share cost would diminish while the quantity of offers extraordinary will increment. As indicated by Ford’s declaration specified for the situation, investors picking the offer choice would get 0.748 new Ford basic offers in lieu of $20 money. Along these lines, the impact is like 1.748 for 1 stock split. Be that as it may, not every one of the investors favor share choice. For the individuals who choose money alternative, they would get $20 as if they offer piece of their offers, which mirrors the component of offer repurchase. Points of interest of VEP With the joined element of stock split and offer repurchase, VEP has its quality. As far as money alternative, since there is no great activities with the gigantic money save, restoring the over the top money enables investors to make gainful speculation without anyone else’s input. Not at all like money profit, returned money is exhausted as capital additions, so it produces charge productivity for investors. Likewise, however the cost of new Ford offers would diminish, investors won’t bear any misfortune, in light of the fact that the lessened cost is balanced by the money they get. Be that as it may, from the organization’s perspective, they can diminish profit installment. Organizations tend to keep profit payout proportion steady, so profit for each new Ford offer will diminish on the grounds that offer value falls. For the individuals who get $20 in real money, they keep a similar measure of offers before VEP is presented, in this manner, the aggregate profit installment will diminish and to some degree, the weight for expanding profit level can be assuaged a bit. Also, the impact of money choice is like that of offer buyback, the quantity of new offers extraordinary will diminish; in this manner, income per offer will increment and it can expand the general interest for Ford’s offer, which will profit share cost over the long haul. On the off chance that investors choose investment opportunity, they can build voting force and exercise more control over the organization. Additionally, as we talked about in the money alternative, share cost will expand, in this way, investors will profit a considerable measure from holding all the more new Ford shares. With respect to the mix of money and new offers, investors can remove some portion of their cash from the stock to make other gainful venture, and they can likewise keep up their enthusiasm for the organization. From one viewpoint, they can appreciate charge proficiency by paying duty of capital additions for money got, then again, they can appreciate the benefit when share cost increments and they can have a say in the firm. VEP is superior to trade profit out terms of duty impact, and contrasted and share repurchase, it addresses investors’ issue to remain or increment control of the organization. In this manner, in view of the investigation, Ford ought to proceed with VEP. Conceivable Choices of Different Shareholders Portage relative will pick investment opportunity since they need to extend their control in the firm. By supporting VEP, their 40% voting power stays unaltered however their value in the firm declines from 5% to 3.6%. On the off chance that they choose investment opportunity, they hold more typical offers, and their voting power is past 40%. Institutional speculators, for example, TIAA-Cref and the Calpers would pick blend of money and offers. Clearly VEP favors Ford relatives and weakens institutional speculators’ voting power, so it’s difficult for them to contend with Ford relatives as far as control regardless of whether they reinvest all the $20 money to purchase new Common offers. In this sense, blend of money and new offer is a superior decision for them. They can get some portion of their venture out of Ford stock for good open doors elsewhere; in the mean time, they can remain enthusiasm for Ford. A general pariah investor couldn’t care less about voting power. The reason for their speculation is benefit. Thus, on the off chance that I was one of them, I would go for money alternative, since I would figure Ford can’t discover beneficial ventures and there are few development openings. By getting cash back, I can make great utilization of it independent from anyone else.>