Choc Co. is one of the world’s largest confectionery businesses with significant market share in many of the world’s biggest confectionery markets, including many emerging markets. It has a long and proud tradition, stretching back more than 150 years, including a long history of developing its employees, which has remained part of its ethos during its progress to becoming a global company. Despite very positive sales figures over the last 12 months, Choc Co. has prioritised streamlining the business to make it more competitive and has placed a strong emphasis on reducing cost over the next 18 months. Despite being keen to preserve its longstanding reputation as a firm that is committed to developing all its employees, in respect of learning and development, this ‘streamlining’ activity has focused on connecting training activities to the strategic needs of the firm. The most important driver of the assessment of its training provision at Choc Co. is change. Whilst performing well in the marketplace, senior management continue to express discontent with levels of productivity and employee performance. Moreover, senior management has determined that the company needs to become more flexible and adaptable to respond to change in its market context, for example by an ability to adapt organisational structures to meet new business needs or through the introduction of technological innovation. However, as a traditionally minded employer, and with low levels of employee turnover at shop floor level, Choc co. appears to have instilled in its workers a mindset of stability and steady progress, which is at odds with competition in a rapidly changing global economy. Therefore, Choc Co. wants to move towards a system of continuous improvement by creating a culture whereby workers are empowered to implement small incremental changes, rather than have substantial change imposed on them from time to time. Traditionally, training needs analysis at Choc Co. has been ‘gap-led’. In other words, training tends to be focused where Choc Co. identifies a gap in capability — for example, where the introduction of new technology requires worker skill to be updated, company policy is changed or a key worker leaves the firm, requiring training to be provided to their replacement. Typically this gap-led identification of need is conducted at a local level, with little reference made to the wider national or international workforce. Whilst workers can put themselves forward for training courses, including those provided by local education providers there is no formal channel for doing this and access to such training often comes down to personal relationships and the constraints imposed by departmental budgets. The culture at Choc Co. is very much one in which training needs are typically identified for workers rather than by workers. Currently, the company runs a number of large training events each year designed to update manufacturing staff on everything from health and safety changes, business strategy and company performance to the adoption of new production technology. This is sometimes coupled with skills training for these workers as and when appropriate. This has traditionally been done at the specialist training centre at their largest production facility, which doubles as the company’s headquarters. This practice partly stems from a time when the company only operated two production facilities in the country. It now operates across six geographically dispersed locations. Workers tend to view these training events as a bit of a waste of time, particularly when they are delivered by consultants with little real understanding of working processes at Choc Co. It is not unknown for workers to claim that the training they receive is outdated and tells them nothing that they don’t already know. The head of training and development, responding to a call to cut costs from the HR director, is now of the opinion, however, that such long training programmes, often of up to three or four days, are no longer the most cost-effective and efficient means by which to develop the staff. Such training has the dual problem of requiring regular investment and repeat sessions to cover workers on different shifts or at different plants, as well as leading to undesirable downtime of certain aspects of production. In particular, the head of L&D is keen to reduce a reliance on external training providers to design and deliver interventions to different workforce groups, from senior management to shopfloor workers. Moreover, the company has historically not evaluated the impact of these events. In the new era of cost-cutting and added value, however, the company is keen to ensure that the impact of all training interventions, however big or small, is measured.
1. What changes would you recommend that Choc Co. make to their current learning and development provision in order to reduce costs and improve performance?
2. How might the firm seek to ensure a return on investment for its learning and development activity? As part of your answer, assess the ways in which the company currently evaluate training intervention.
3. In what circumstances can employees’ resistance to change provide useful feedback for managers?
Zeus: The man, the fantasy, the legend Distributed: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: fifteenth May, 2017 Disclaimer: This paper has been presented by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert article scholars. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any suppositions, discoveries, conclusions or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. All through the pantheon of Greek and Roman fantasy a large number of the divine beings are delineated in just a single, loved look. Zeus on the then again is delineated the same number of things which incorporate; the leader of alternate divine beings, a sibling, a warrior, a despot, a simply ruler, a vindictive god, a miscreant and an attacker. Zeus encapsulates what numerous apparent to be ideal manliness in olden times. He was the objective of double dealing and retribution, for the most part from his rankled spouse Hera, however he was the objective of numerous vindictive demonstrations none the less. Anyway the one angle in Zeus’ group that is most critical in clarifying why he was such a vital figure in Mythology is that he was delineated as a dad, even in legends where he was depicted in another light, for example, a warrior or as a child endeavoring to usurp his dad’s position, his man centric side dependably appeared in some way in a significant number of the stories. Zeus’ name in Greek originates from a root word meaning splendid. It is intriguing to take note of that the planet Jupiter, which is an indistinguishable name from Zeus in Roman is ordinarily the brightest question in the night sky, is by all accounts a fascinating etymological correlation. Zeus took control of the sky when the Olympian divine beings acquired control over the world while his sibling’s Hades and Poseidon were given control over the black market and the Oceans, separately. Ordinarily Zeus is related with the helping jolt, his weapon if decision, and additionally the falcon, a lofty image of respectability. The Oak tree is likewise attached to Zeus as it is a strong tree that develops for a long time. Zeus was the most youthful of the original Olympian divine beings which likewise included Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. When he was conceived Zeus was covered up to experience childhood with the island of Crete so as to keep his dad, Cronus, from eating him similarly as he did to his more established kin. Rather than eating Zeus, Cronus was deceived into eating a stone which thus influenced him to spew the majority of his ate up youngsters at exactly that point to be killed by Zeus who was ensuring his kin. This can be compared to a dad who might secure his youngsters. The Olympian divine beings partner together and battle the majority of the Titans from on mount Olympus, this was known as the Titanomachy. This multi year war was helped by the Cyclopes, as well as the Hecatonchires too. At the point when the Olympian divine beings at last won the Titans were then detained in Tartarus. Zeus occupied with scurrilous acts with goddesses which brought forth numerous youngsters which included; Aegipan, Persephone and Zargreus, Orion and Manes, Ares, Eileithyia, Eris, Hebe, Ersa and Carae, Limos, Apollo and Artimis, Hermes, Athena, The Muses Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, and Urania, Zagreus and Melinoe, Ersa, Nemean Lion and Pandia. There mother’s were Aix, Anake, Demeter, Dione, Thalassa, Gaia, Hera, Eos, Eris, Leto, Maia, Metis, Mnemosyne, Persephone and Selene individually. Themis who was the main spouse of Zeus brought forth Astraea, Nemisis, Horae, Auxo, Carpo, Thallo, Dike, Eirene, Eunomia, Pherusa, Euporie, Orthosie, and The destinies Atropos Clotho and Lachesis (Wikipedia – Zeus). Notwithstanding having a lot of kids with goddesses Zeus likewise had youngsters with numerous mortals, these kids incorporate; Aeacus, Hercules, Amphion and Zethus, Arcas, Britomartis, Perseus, Tityas, Dardanus and Iasion. Minos, Rhadamanrhys and Sarpedon, Aglea, Euphrosyne and Thalia, Kronios, Spartaios and Kytos, Thebe, Epaphus and Keroessa, Sarpedon, Polydeuces, Castor and Helen of Troy, Lorcrus, Argus and Pelasgus, Alexander III of Macedon (Alexander the Great), Meliteus, Tantulus, Balius and Xanthus, Hellen, Dionysus, Lacedaemon, Palici, Litae, Tyche and Ate. The mortal moms of these offspring of Zeus are; Aegina, Alcmene, Antipoe, Callisto, Carme, Danae, Elara, Electra, Europa, Eurynome, Himalia, Iodame, Io, Lamia, Laodamia, Leda, Maera, Niobe, Olympias, Othreis, Pluto, Podarge, Pyrrha, Semele Taygete and Thalia separately (Wikipedia – Zeus). The Gigantomachy was the skirmish of the Olympian divine beings against the mammoths. The Giants, who were conceived of the blood of Uranus spilling onto the Earth were half human and half serpentine animals. This fantasy portrays Zeus in the warrior light since it was Zeus who battled the pioneer of the Giants Thyphoeus. Typhoeus was beaten by Zeus and in this manner were the mammoths. They were detained in Earth which to Greeks gave reason with reference to why volcanoes are scattered along the Earth’s surface. The way that he battled Typhoeus alone represents what a significant number of the Greeks and Romans thought were the means by which a warrior ought to carry on, that and on the off chance that he didn’t do as such he would lose the disgrace that he was the encapsulation of manliness. The legends of Zeus are so generally changed and his conduct inside the fantasies are similarly as fluctuated that some have proposed that Zeus is the mixture of numerous minor divine beings who after some time were obscured into one preeminent being. Likewise the numerous unusual demonstrations of Zeus can be a route for some, individuals to legitimize their dark conduct. Zeus had relations with mortal females, as well as mortal guys. A standout amongst the most remarkable stories of this is of Zeus and Ganymede. Ganymede was a slave kid who Zeus wound up charmed by, multi day Zeus sent hawks rational to recover Ganymede and convey him to Olympus there he turned into a glass carrier. That way he was dependably around when Zeus required him to be. This is a case of how Zeus some of the time manhandled his capacity to get whatever he needed. This story likewise reflects how Roman culture saw homosexuality and acknowledged it the way they did. In Ovid’s Metamorphoses the story of the considerable surge is another fine case of Zeus wearing yet another cap. This legend Deals with leader of Arcadia Lycaon and his overbearing conduct. Lycaon figured he would serve Zeus one of his kids as a forfeit. As one would expect Zeus discovered this horrible and chose to rebuff Lycaon, as well as whatever remains of humankind also. He initially changed Lycaon into a wolf, it suited his identity. This was the common style of most changes in Ovid’s works. Zeus at that point chose to wipe the Earth clean of mankind and begin crisp, along these lines the considerable surge much like the tale of Noah’s Ark. In the Greek form, there were anyway two survivors Deucalion and his significant other Pyrrha. With a specific end goal to repopulate the Earth they were told to toss the ‘bones’ of their mom behind them to repopulate the Earth, these guidelines from the prophet must be deciphered all together for the prophet to keep up that it was never off-base. They Figured that the ‘bones’ were really shakes from mother Earth, this was the right understanding and the Earth was populated afresh. With respect to Zeus this story by and by demonstrates his parental side because of the way he responded to Lycaon’s transgression. The legend of Zeus and his association with Callisto is one that shows how he can, when looked with direness, can respond for the improvement of others not simply himself. The story goes that after Callisto was found to have a tyke with Zeus she was transformed into a bear, after her child Arcas grew up he was in the forested areas and was defied by her mom in bear frame, he was going to slaughter her when Zeus ventured in and changed then into heavenly bodies, these star groupings were Ursa Major and Ursa Minor. The story of Zeus and Demeter demonstrates Zeus as an equitable and understanding ruler. The story manages Hades being offered authorization to take Persephone to the Underworld to be his better half, the greater part of the story manages Demeter sulking and endeavoring to make sense of who hijacked her little girl. Additionally in her outrage she brings starvation and dry season upon the world. In the wake of hearing every one of the general population shouting out in trust because of appetite Zeus ventures in and sends Hermes to recover Persephone, yet she had just had eaten sustenance in the black market and if that happens it is said that nobody can take off. So at last Persephone must spend a part of consistently with Hades in the black market. This fantasy demonstrates how Zeus is an understanding individual and how he does his best for the advancement of every under greetings all compelling standard. There are numerous different legends related with Zeus, for example, him rebuffing Prometheus to having his liver eaten out of him consistently. Or on the other hand the Zeus and his discipline for Tantalus and his profane demonstration of giving up his some to the divine beings.>