Write an analysis (suggested length of 3-5 pages) of one work of literature. Choose one work from the list below:
Classical Period • Sappho, “The Anactoria Poem” ca. 7th century B.C.E. (poetry) • Aeschylus, “Song of the Furies” from The Eumenides, ca. 458 B.C.E. (poetry) • Sophocles, Antigone, ca. 442 B.C.E. (drama) • Aristotle, Book 1 from the Nichomachean Ethics, ca. 35 B.C.E. (philosophical text) • Augustus, The Deeds of the Divine Augustus, ca. 14 C.E. (funerary inscription) • Ovid, “The Transformation of Daphne into a Laurel” an excerpt from Book 1 of The Metamorphoses, ca. 2 C.E. (poetry)
Renaissance • Francesco Petrarch, “The Ascent of Mount Ventoux” 1350 (letter) • Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, the first seven paragraphs of the “Oration on the Dignity of Man” ca. 1486 (essay excerpt) • Leonardo da Vinci, Chapter 28 “Comparison of the Arts” from The Notebooks ca. 1478-1518 (art text) • Edmund Spenser, Sonnet 30, “My Love is like to Ice” from Amoretti 1595 (poetry) • William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18, “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day” 1609 (poetry) • Francis Bacon, “Of Studies” from The Essays or Counsels… 1625 (essay) • Anne Bradstreet, “In Honour of that High and Mighty Princess, Queen Elizabeth” 1643 (poetry)
• Andrew Marvell, “To his Coy Mistress’. 1681 (poetry)
Enlightenment • Rene Descartes, Part 4 from Discourse on Method, 1637 (philosophical text) • William Congreve, The Way of the World, 1700 (drama-comedy) • Jonathan Swift, “A Modest Proposal” 1729 (satirical essay) • Voltaire, “Micromegas” 1752 (short story, science fiction) • Phillis Wheatley, “To S.M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing his Works” 1773 (poetry) • Thomas Paine, “Common Sense” 1776 (essay) • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, “The Fisherman” 1779 (poetry) • Immanuel Kant, “An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment’?” 1784 (essay)
Romanticism • Lord Byron, “She Walks in Beauty 1813 (poetry) • Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Kubla Khan” 1816 (poetry) • Edgar Allan Poe, “The Fall of the House of Usher” 1839 (short story) • Alexander Dumas, The Count of Monte Cristo, 1844 (novel) • Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights, 1847 (novel)
• Emily Dickinson, “A Narrow Fellow in the Grass” 1865 (poetry)
• Friedrich Nietzsche, Book 4 from The Joyful Wisdom, 1882 (philosophical text)
Realism • Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, 1843 (novella) • Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles, The Communist Manifesto, 1848 (political pamphlet) • Christina Rossetti, “Goblin Marker 1862 (poetry) • Matthew Arnold, “Dover Beach” 1867 (poetry) • Robert Louis Stevenson, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, 1886 (novella) • Kate Chopin, “The Story of an Hour” 1894 (short story) • Mark Twain, “The Five Boons of Life” 1902 (short story) • Edith Wharton, The Age of Innocence, 1921 (novel)
A. Record your initial reaction to the work (suggested length of 1 paragraph or half a page) by doing the following: 1. Describe your initial thoughts and/or feelings about the work. 2. Describe in detail at least one aspect of the work that most interests you.
B. Analyze the work (suggested length of 2-4 pages) by doing the following: 1. Describe the historical context of the period in which the work was written. 2. Discuss insights into the work that can be gained from the author’s biography. 3. Analyze how this work explores a particular theme and/or stylistic characteristic from its period. 4. Explain the relevance of this work for today’s audiences.
C. Discuss how the deeper knowledge you gained through your analysis has informed or altered your thoughts and/or feelings about the work (suggested length of 1 paragraph or half a page).
Sainsbury’s: Competition With Other Supermarkets Distributed: 21st June, 2018 Last Edited: 21st June, 2018 Disclaimer: This paper has been presented by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert article essayists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any feelings, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. J Sainsbury: What will it take to make it ‘Awesome’ once more? Substance (Jump to) Presentation Key Figures Items and Services Quality and Quantity Investigation Conclusion Reference index Presentation The sustenance and basic supply retail division is the United Kingdom’s biggest boss, providing 11% of all employments in the UK, totaling more than 2.8 million individuals (IGD, 2004a) in a market that produces £123.9 Billion in deals (IGD, 2006b). This customarily British organization commanded industry has been changed through the securing of ASDA by goliath retailer Wal-Mart in late 1999, which at that point was the third biggest market with 229 stores and offers of £8 billion. Wal-Mart’s entrance into the UK sustenance retailing area and their low valuing retailing idea started a series of ‘full-scale nourishment cost wars’ as it set out upon its methodology of increasing prompt piece of the pie builds (BBC News, 2001). This advancement spoke to a not as much as attractive market case for J. Sainsbury’s, which at the season of the Wal-Mart intrusion was number two in the UK advertise behind Tesco (BBC News, 2001). Indeed, the inconveniences at Sainsbury’s were in advance before Wal-Mart’s passageway into the UK showcase as it lost its situation as the main sustenance retailer to Tesco in 1995, and since ASDA’s securing by Wal-Mart the organization has slide into third place (Food Business Review on the web, 2005). This examination will try to investigate the general United Kingdom grocery store industry as it identifies with the vast chains and recognize factors following up on and also in it that have turned around the fortunes of Sainsbury’s from an inward and in addition outer stance. The inquiry that said examination will try to answer is “What will it take to make Sainsbury’s Great once more?” The point of this examination is to dive into the market powers, conditions, focused impacts and effects inside the United Kingdom staple retail division to check what has unfolded since Sainsbury’s involved the main position in the market and why it has been supplanted. The authentic viewpoint will give a review of how the market has transformed from a shopper, aggressive and inward outlook of Sainsbury’s promoting, and market key arranging and hence endeavor to recognize what the organization either missed or neglected to react to concerning the conditions that brought about its losing noteworthy piece of the overall industry and therefore its initiative position. The goal is to reveal the striking and vital market and focused powers, advances, improvements and conditions that empowered Tesco and in addition ASDA to pass Sainsbury’s for the main and two spots in the United Kingdom and what procedures, improvements, changes and different variables which Sainsbury’s should consider and additionally actualize to start recovering huge piece of the overall industry. Key Figures As of October 2006 the Taylor Nelson Sofres examine, which is otherwise called the TNSofres Superpanel, of the United Kingdom basic supply retailing market demonstrated the accompanying (Answers.com, 2006) (Wikipedia, 2006): Table 1 – UK Grocery Retailing Market Share 13 August 2006 Name of Chain Piece of the pie Tesco 31.6% ASDA 16.6% Sainsbury’s 16.0& Morrisons 11.0% Table 2 – UK Grocery Retailing Market Share 2 January 2005 Name of Chain Piece of the pie Tesco 29.0% ASDA 17.1% Sainsbury’s 15.9% Morrisons 12.5% Somerfield 5.5% Center 5.0% Waitrose 3.6% The previous demonstrates the amount Sainsbury’s has slipped since the mid 1990s when it was the undisputed market pioneer. An examination of bookkeeping information for the organization and additionally its rivals demonstrates that there is taking note of in this viewpoints that effects or has influenced the capacities of the organizations to either work or get leverage. The significance of piece of the pie, converts into client movement, the immeasurably essential variable in producing deals. Items and Services The adjustment in the UK basic need retiling division to a more cost aggressive structure disintegrated Sainsbury’s leverage the existed before 1995, and the subsequent value wars warmed up with Tesco reacting to the Wal-Mart/ASDA reducing technique alongside Safeway and Morrisons, which Sainsbury’s neglected to react to when this improvement hit the market (Food Business audit on the web, 2005). This imperative stumble intensified shopper surrenders and dissolved piece of the pie. Sainsbury’s overwhelming interest in private name brands did not give the required fence as the buyer showcase moved far from this earlier activity as they began purchasing lower value mark names offered by contenders (TNS, 2000). Another vital factor in the diminished piece of the pie, which is a component of low store movement is that Tesco, ASDA and Morrisons assembled or extended to bigger stores hence giving them the chance to stock non-sustenance things in this manner making their areas more helpful for one-quit shopping (Just Food, 2002). Sainsbury’s Savacentre arrange spoken to a backup activity as opposed to a focal organization whereby it couldn’t contend with the contenders’ number of stores in this configuration. The pattern of basic supply retailers into non nourishment territories was not only a Wal-Mart development, as Carrefour likewise had moved toward this path. One quit shopping speaks to accommodation for buyers, and this alongside steadfastness cards, huge stores and heaps of additional items are what the present all the more requesting customer searches for, needs and anticipates. The previous understandings with regards to the advancements the happened after some time in the UK and in universal basic supply retailing fragment are critical to understanding what has happened to Sainsbury’s, as well as what it missed as far as market improvements and what it needs to focus on to come back to its previous significance. Quality and Quantity Expansion has been the way to progress for Tesco and also ASDA in that their non-sustenance things, for example, attire, electrical things, apparatuses for the kitchen, delicate toys and pottery enable them to not just pull in clients, it grants them to work on bring down edges in their nourishment activities in this manner expanding the trouble for Sainsbury’s (Food Business survey on the web, 2005). The first enhancement methodology speaks to the methods by means of which Tesco and also ASDA overwhelmed Sainsbury’s, and in this way demonstrates the way the organization must take to hold its ground, as well as compensate for lost clients. The first procedure allows these organizations to offer a bigger choice of things as a client draw. The amount of contributions speaks to an unmistakable preferred standpoint. The characteristics of items and also the earth in which they are sold are imperative focuses in pulling in clients and also keeping them, and is equivalent among contenders. Sainsbury’s 2005 Annual Report perceives the former as the organization expressed “Our vision for Sainsbury’s is tied in with conveying extraordinary quality nourishment at reasonable costs.” (Sainsbury’s, 2005). The organization is focused on the significance of the low value position as to the UK advertise and has influenced this an inside to piece in its rebuilding procedure (Sainsbury’s, 2005). In acknowledgment of the significance of client comfort, the organization is growing its non nourishment blend which “… incorporates things, for example, cards, blessing wrap, music and DVDs, and which for most clients are currently a piece of the week by week basic supply shop” (Sainsbury’s, 2005). In this same vein, Sainsbury’s includes “Where space permits we will likewise offer dress and home product … ” and proceeds with “We see a reasonable chance to develop deals by building up our non-nourishment offer … ” (Sainsbury’s, 2005). Investigation Key to downplaying where Sainsbury’s and the basic supply retailing division advertise is today, is understanding where it was yesterday and the occasions that prompted the organization’s decrease. The grocery store wars are just the same old thing new similar to the minor improvements that flag aggressiveness. Value cutting discounters were in the commercial center as far back as the late 1980s, yet Sainsbury’s kept on picking up piece of the pie despite this (BBC Online Network, 1999). Tesco’s effective offered for general store chain William Low in 1994 gave it a nearness in the Scottish market, however does not speak to a solitary occasion that helped in its outperforming Sainsbury’s in the commercial center. Furthermore, Tesco presented a profoundly fruitful showcasing effort, and in addition its reliability card well ahead of time of Sainsbury’s, which helped it to enhance client dependability and rehash store visits (BBC Online Network, 1999). Different advancements incorporated Tesco’s “… possess mark markdown lines, and also grocery store financial balances (BBC Online Network, 1999). Correspondingly, Sainsbury’s 1994 Annual Report showed that their costs were 3% beneath the other substantial chains (Sainsbury’s, 1994, p. 4), anyway this all by itself did not counter Tesco’s more client driven advertising systems which expanded client dependability and pulled in new ones. By 1995 it was authentic, Tesco had accomplished the status of the main basic need retailer. And keeping in mind that Sainsbury’s likewise worked Savacentre hypermarkets which sold a wide exhibit of products, including apparel, the organization’s emphasis on venture into the United States through its procurement of the Giant nourishment retailing chains and humble opening of 20 new U.K. stores ran opposite (Sainsbury’s, 1995, pp. 10-12)>