Describe a theory in social psychology that you would like to know the answer to. Then describe how you would go about setting up an experiment to study your idea. B) What is your hypothesis? What are the independent and dependent variables? How would you determine causality or correlation in this study? Deception is used in research in order prevent participants from behaving in an expected way. For example, if participants know they are being observed about how angry something makes them, they may behave with more anger since that is what the study is about. Or they may want to seem as though they do not easily anger and try to show no anger at all. C) Deception can be a helpful tool in conducting experiments. Discuss when and how much deception is acceptable and when a researcher has taken deception too far. Culture: Culture is one of the two major independent variables that influences our self-concepts. Think of culture as a master script for our shared values, beliefs, ideas, and behaviors that is handed down from one generation to the next. D) Individualism is an important cultural dimension in America. What is individualism, and how does it impact the way that we think of ourselves? Contrast your answer with the concept of collectivism and how it makes a person think of himself or herself. E) Suppose your friend Lucy gets a hot last-minute deal on a 7-day trip to Cancun and misses the first 5 days of Week 3 in her online course at Chamberlain. As a result, she loses 15 of 30 discussion points, incurs a 30-point penalty for the late submission of an assignment that is worth 50 points, and also has so little time to study for the quiz that she earns only 55 of 100 possible points. You believe she was irresponsible, but you also are her friend. When she asks your opinion concerning the fact that the professor would not cut her a break, your response seems to be plagued by illusion of transparency discussed in Chapter 2. How has this social psychological concept impacted your response to her?
Gender: Gender is the socially defined set of characteristics that are assigned to a category based on one’s biological sex. There are three biological-sex categories: male, female, and intersex (having both male and female sex organs). The terms man and woman are the gender categories with which you may be most familiar. F) What does it mean to be a man and woman in our society? What kinds of social roles are perceived to be appropriate for men and women? Conformity: G) The study of conformity involves why people are likely to change their behaviors or beliefs as a result of real or imagined group pressure. Your textbook describes three types of conformity. If your employer has a policy that employees must wear business attire when making a presentation to clients, which type of conformity is implied: compliance, obedience, or acceptance? What about the situation led you to your conclusion? The CO references new religious organizations called doomsday cults, though we may also touch on other new religious organizations that are not apocalyptic.
H) Consider Jim Jones, Marshall Applewhite, and David Koresh. What characteristics do or did these doomsday cult leaders have in common?
Discrimination: We will approach the subject by observing that being the target of discrimination can be a life-altering experience for someone in a target group. Access to housing accommodations is an area of American social life in which discrimination on the basis of race and ethnicity continues, even if not legally.
I) What must it feel like to sense that you are being excluded from renting an apartment because you are a member of a visible minority?
Aggression: J) One form of aggression that practically everybody can relate to is road rage. Road rage is aggressive behavior by a car or truck driver in response to the actions of another road user. Most of us have either been targets of road rage, been the road ragers, or perhaps both. To begin our discussion, please share a story about road rage in your life, or the life or a friend or relative. K) People inherently tend to categorize the people in their lives in terms of levels of interpersonal attraction. We perceive people who are lovers, friends, and acquaintances differently. Do you make a distinction in your life between acquaintances and friends? What are the differences?
Dilemmas L) In Chapter 13 (Conflict and Peacemaking), Myers starts his coverage of what causes conflict by examining social dilemmas. What are the characteristics of a social dilemma? M) Describe some ways new or seasoned health professionals can develop or improve clinical judgement skills? What are the risk factors associated with the lack of sound judgement?