After the Civil War, the United States had to recover from war, handle western expansion, and grapple with very new economic forms. However, its greatest issues would revolve around the legacies of slavery and increasing diversity in the decades after the Civil War. Reconstruction was partly a period of military occupation of the south by the northern victors. Former slaves now had freedom and new opportunities but faced old prejudices and rapidly forming new barriers. Immigrants from Europe and Asia came in large numbers but then faced political and social restrictions. Women continued to seek rights. Yet, on the whole, America became increasingly diverse by the 1920s. Consider developments, policies, and laws in that period from 1865 to the 1920s. Take one of the positions as suggested below, draw from the sources listed, and present a paper with specific examples and arguments to demonstrate the validity of your position.
Possible position—in each case you can take the pro or con position: 1.The Lost Cause narrative of the South effectively sabotaged and influenced racial policy in the US for most of the post-Civil War period. (or you can take the position that it did not) 2.Political policies in the decades after the Civil War generally promoted diversity and the melting pot” despite the strong prejudices of a few. (or you can take the position that political policies did not) 3.Reform movements between 1865 and 1930, like the Progressives and the agrarian populists, generally led the way to increased democracy. (or you can take the position that these movements did not)
After giving general consideration to your readings so far and any general research, select one of the positions above as your position—your thesis. (Sometimes after doing more thorough research, you might choose the reverse position. This happens with critical thinking and inquiry. Your final paper might end up taking a different position than you originally envisioned.). Organize your paper as follows, handling these issues: •The position you choose (from the list above)—or something close to it—will be the thesis statement in your opening paragraph. •To support your position, use three specific examples from different decades between 1865 and 1930. You may narrowly focus on race or gender or immigrant status, or you may use examples relevant to all categories. •Explain why the opposing view is weak in comparison to yours. Consider your life today: In what way does the history you have shown shape or impact issues in your workplace or desired profession?
Ladies in Viking Society Distributed: third October, 2016 Last Edited: 29th September, 2017 Disclaimer: This article has been put together by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert paper authors. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any feelings, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Part of Women in Viking Society After hearing “Viking”, a particular picture is generally invoked in the imagination. As a rule, it is of a gathering of enormous, stout men, plundering defenseless English towns and cruising crosswise over fjords, yet there has dependably been more to the Viking individuals than employing tomahawks and overcoming misleading water, particularly with regards to the ladies, who are generally let well enough alone for this cliché picture altogether. Vikingar, the Old Norse word for viking, was exclusively in reference to the men, who were the ones who basically took part in excursions to Great Britain, Europe, and the East. As indicated by most sources, the ladies inside Viking society did not share in those two exercises and were designated to more residential assignments back home. It was realized that numerous ladies partook on adventures to investigate, however, and in the long run settle in spots, for example, Iceland, which was uninhabited and required that ladies made a trip there to help make a perpetual populace, and Finland. As indicated by the Judith Jesch at BBC News, “Most adventures from Scandinavia included ocean intersections in little, open boats with no insurance from the components. Families heading for the North Atlantic settlements would likewise need to take all the domesticated animals they would need to set up another homestead, and the voyage can’t have been wonderful. The Viking pilgrims settled down to the cultivating life in their new home, or built up themselves as dealers and moved toward becoming town-tenants.” There is likewise prove that the ladies inside Viking society could bring home the bacon in business. There have been vendors’ scales and weights found inside the graves of ladies in Scandinavian nations, denoting a relationship amongst ladies and exchange. As indicated by a ninth-century record of a Christian mission to Birky, a Swedish exchanging focus, describes the change of a rich lady by the name of Frideburg, and also her girl, Catla. In spite of the fact that by law, Viking ladies were under the expert of the men in their lives, principally their dad or spouse, and they didn’t appreciate an indistinguishable legitimate status from the men inside their general public. These ladies could acquire as much as their siblings would or, contingent upon the locale wherein they lived, would not acquire anything by any means. At a Þingi – meaning a “thing” which was a get together of the free men of a territory, nation, or a hundred – the ladies were not able deliver a case except if a man would assume control over the indictment for her benefit. Young ladies were for the most part between the ages of twelve and fifteen when they were hitched and were relied upon to run the family. When entering a marriage, the lady of the hour would have a settlement which would comprise of materials, for example, cloth and fabric, and also a turning haggle bed. Young ladies from more well-to-do families could likewise bring silver and gold adornments, creatures, and now and again even ranches. While she brought these things as a feature of her settlement, despite everything they remained her own property and never turned into a full piece of her better half’s bequest and it would be her youngsters who’d acquire it. When hitched, sex parts were considerably more plainly characterized and the ladies were accountable for ensuring that the family’s nourishment would keep going all through the long winter and they would make spread and cheddar, and in addition dried and smoked fish and meat for capacity. Likewise, as a spouse, a lady was required to know about what herbs were useful for dealing with the wiped out and injured. In her better half’s nonappearance, she was accountable for running the homestead and notwithstanding when her significant other was not away, the creatures were one of her obligations. Regularly, in the event that she was from a rich family, she would have slaves and hirelings to encourage her and, as an indication of expert, she would wear the way to the sustenance stockpiling chests. She additionally would cook, clean, and make garments for everybody. When it came to garments for themselves, Viking ladies jumped at the chance to dress and additionally they could, in woolen dresses. Some of the time they would wear a piece of attire brought an over-dress, material that was folded around their dress and around the lady and held up by bear ties, affixed with ornaments. They would regularly wear tights or socks and a scarf to cover their hair. When it came to gems, they wore pieces made of silver and gold with unpredictable plans. Notwithstanding numerous undeniable weaknesses that accompanied being a lady and a spouse in Viking society, a lady could petition for a separation from her better half. On the off chance that she ended up disappointed with her better half in any capacity that the Vikings discovered sufficiently considerable reason – if her significant other was languid and did not work to accommodate the family, on the off chance that he treated her or their kids inadequately, or offended the family that she originated from – she was permitted to separate from him. To accomplish this, and within the sight of witnesses, she would pronounce herself separated toward the finish of the bed her and her significant other shared and as her front entryway. After separating from him, she could recover her settlement and keep any more youthful kids with her, while any more seasoned kids would be isolated between the two guardians relying upon the status and abundance of the guardians’ families. Since most ladies’ lives were revolved around the home, they figured out how to include an awesome impact inside that circle and, therefore, numerous ladies were covered with things that symbolize the significance of those parts and impacts, and their obligation and control over the circulation of apparel and sustenance inside the family unit. In spite of the fact that this was the most well-known path ladies in Viking society acquired reputation, some were notable for various reasons. The Oseberg “ruler”, covered with a luxuriously brightened ship and superb merchandise was one of the most extravagant buriest of the Viking Age, displaying her glory. There was additionally the grave of the Pagan Lady of Peel Castle, which was found in a Christian burial ground on the Isle of Man. To this date, it is one of the most extravagant Viking entombments for a lady found outside of Scandinavia. The Pagan Lady of Peel’s grave is strong evidence of great ladies and of a high status amid the Viking Age. One of these ladies was the little girl of a Norwegian chieftain from the Hebrides, named Aud, who wedded a Viking situated in Dublin. Upon the passings of her better half and child, Aud took control of the fortune that the family held and had a ship convey her and hers outstanding little girls to spots, for example, Orkney, Iceland, and Faroe. Afterward, she settled in Iceland and dispersed land to a large portion of her devotees. While it can be hard to discover records about numerous real ladies inside Viking society, it is significantly less demanding to discover them inside legend and old stories, where they regularly played the part of shieldmaidens (ladies who battled as warriors). There are not very many verifiable records that say that ladies participated in fighting, however as indicated by a Byzantine history specialist named Johannes Skylitzes, ladies may have battled in fight when Sviatoslav I of Kiev assaulted the Byzantines in 971 in Bulgaria. The Varangians were vanquished, yet the victors were astonished to find ladies among the fallen, outfitted as warriors. Indeed, even Leif Erikson’s pregnant stepsister, named Freydís Eiríksdóttir, was said to have taken up her very own sword and frightened off Native Americans, as per the Greenland adventure, however she is never expressly alluded to as a shieldmaiden. Indeed, even with two or three records, for example, these, it is hard to demonstrate that these shieldmaidens existed outside of Norse folklore. Despite the fact that there are numerous shieldmaidens of legend, including Brynhild, Hervor, and the princess Thornbjörg, however they were to a great extent individuals from the nobility. By the eleventh century, Scandinavians started to be “Christianized.” With this mass transformation, the ladies were given the chance to go up against new parts inside society; these parts are frequently found in the rune stones from that time. Through delineations of the Nativity, the Dynna stone, found in Norway, memorializes Astrid, the little girl of Gunnvor. So also, the Stäket stone, hailing from Sweden, honors a lady who went on a journey named Ingirun. What’s more, Queen Emma of Normandy, little girl of Duke Richard of Normandy, plummeted from Normandy’s Viking organizer Rollo. She wedded two rulers of England and brought forth two others, yet it was amid her wedded to the Danish Cnut that she was a prominent supporter of the Church. Upon the passing of her significant other, she had a record of the Danish rulers who, in the eleventh century, were in England reviewed. She called this work the Encomium Emmae and it had a picture of Queen Emma inside the original copy. Ladies in the Norse world were significantly more open to Christianity than the men were and, in religious issues, ladies were very respected, as appeared in the Edda, the principle wellspring of Medieval skaldic custom and word itself possibly signifying “awesome grandma”. It is no fortuitous event that the simple first church worked inside Greenland was worked by Thjodhild, the spouse of Erik the Red and mother of Thorsten and Leif Erikson. In spite of the fact that regardless of the advances that ladies could make through the Christianization of Viking society, practices such a child murder, the executing of infants, were as yet honed almost solely on female children. In Viking society, children were of considerably more noteworthy incentive for they could take an interest on assaults and in exchange, which would build a family’s fortune and land, and in addition their respect. Little girls were even more a weight to a family, being offered and given settlements and raising less females would likewise mean t>