First, listen to: Freakonomics, “How can this possibly be true?” http://freakonomics.com/podcast/i-pencil/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.(first 20 min) to gain inspiration for this assignment. They use a famous economic essay called “I, Pencil,” to think about global supply chains and all of the specialized knowledge that goes into making an item as simple as a pencil. Can we follow the path of a food to understand what goes into getting from farm to plate? Choose a food or category of food then describe how it is produced and current/future challenges related to production. For example, you may choose apples, broccoli, cheese…zucchini, or anything in between. I would recommend a single food rather than an item made of many ingredients, like pizza.
Description of current/future challenges related to production of the food: Describe current constraints to production (i.e., drought, disease, labor, natural resources, markets, etc.). What scientific or technological changes are possible to remove the production constraints? Outlook for producing food: Evaluate the possibility of overcoming current production constraints What economic, social or political barriers exist to addressing the production challenges with technology that you described above? If a technological change is implemented, what unintended (but anticipated) outcomes could result for the food system?
Spread of Islam Between 632 – 750 Distributed: third October, 2016 Last Edited: 29th September, 2017 Disclaimer: This exposition has been put together by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert article essayists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, conclusions or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. How and for what reason did the Muslims vanquish such a large number of terrains in the moderately brief time frame from 632 – 750? After Muhammad had passed on, his successors (the caliphs) had vanquished a large portion of the Persian and Roman world. In 640 the Muslims had assaulted the Byzantine domain in the west and had proceeded onward in the east where they had vanquished the Persians at their capital Ctesiphonin 637. By 661 all of Persia had been on Muslim hands. Amid the seventh to 8thcentury Islamic ruled stretched out to Spain and India. The Islamic had vanquished these capitals in a brief timeframe in light of the fact that they had assaulted the feeble realms first. The Byzantine and Sassanid states had been burnt out on battling each other. The urban communities of the center east had been reclaimed and forward from Persians and back to the Byzantines had been terminated and their survivors had been loaded with substantial duties. The Muslims had been invited into the two domains by unhappy groups.Byzantine empirewere happy to have new overlords. These were the explanations behind the Islamic accomplishment in a brief timeframe. Another purpose behind their prosperity was there fighting and how they honed their abilities. Theyhad rehearsed their aptitudes as warriors not battling against each other but instead against unbelievers. They were a completely equipped and on horseback military. How the Islam’s extended so rapidly The system of assaulting and overwhelming frail realms attempted to their advantage since it gave them the choice of putting a set up military nearness in new domains enabling them to have a firm hold on the new regions and in the end enabling them to attack and seek after encompassing districts. Likewise by migrating Arab clans onto their new domain and actualizing an extraordinary tax collection framework it gave the realm a reliable and essential wage to pay and keep cheerful the fighters. Since these clans confronted oppression preceding the Islam’s assuming control they invited them with open arms in return for assurance and security. I additionally accept by permitting religious resilience instead of oppression it gave them a sense if solidarity which thus would enable all religions to live gently in amicability Why the Muslims vanquished such a significant number of terrains in the brief timeframe Muhammad needed to spread his new religion to others. As a result of Muhammad’s request of deserting polytheistic religions, it brought him struggle with other individuals. In this way, he needed to discover a place where individuals would tail him. He discovered his supporters in Medina. The general population there were prepared to tune in to his religious message and to see him as their pioneer in the network. Despite the fact that Muslims were effective at Medina, they felt debilitated by the Quraysh. Muhammad and his adherents slaughtered forty-nine of the Meccan foe at the skirmish of Badr. Due to his awesome triumph, Muhammad could increase new adherents. After Muhammad’s demise, the caliphs proceeded and took after Muhammad’s strides. They vanquished more domains. The Byzantine and the Sassanid realms added to the fast extension of the Muslims. As a result of being as of now debilitated domains because of battling each other, the Muslims effectively vanquished the two regions and broadened the Islamic manage into more regions. Additionally, similar to you specified, the Muslims were at that point specialists to fighting. They had no issue overcoming the armed forces that the two domains had. They vanquished such a large number of terrains as a result of their flawless armed force assaulting the feeble realms and their communicated welcome by the persecuted individuals. Despite the fact that Muhammad was dead by 632, you said his successors, or the caliphs assaulting and executing the powerless domains of Byzantine and Sassanid, that was an awesome point. They set up the plans to vanquish the other feeble realms. Kaycee’s blog was additionally extraordinary on the grounds that she outlined the occasions pave the way to the catch of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires.Hansen, Your remarks about the Muslim domain was, superb and your blog Kaycee was an awesome rundown of the occasions of 632-750. They had assaulted the frail domains first. The Byzantine and the Sassanid had been sick of battling each other that it exited their money to be eliminated and those individuals who had been abandoned needed to trouble substantial expenses. At the point when the Muslims had assumed control they were happy to have new overlords. Another reason they had succeed was a result of their solid armed force. They hone their aptitudes as warriors to not battle each other but rather other individuals. After the passing of Muhammad, the Caliphs or Muhammad’s successors vanquished the western universe of Rome and Persia. The Muslims assaulted the Byzantine region in Syria effortlessly and moved into Egypt in the 640’s. In 637, they attacked the Sassanid Empire toward the east and crushed the Persians at their capital in Ctesiphon. By 661, they vanquished all of Persia. The Islamic run later reached out from Spain to India in the seventh and eighth century. The Byzantine and Sassanid states were depleted from battling each other. The urban areas of the Middle East had been taken by the Persian Empire and retaken by the Byzantine Empire. They were terminated and the couple of survivors were loaded with substantial assessments. The general population respected the Muslims, in the expectations that their economy and life would be made strides. For instance, numerous Monophysite Christians were oppressed in their nations and they needed to be free from separation. They were happy to have new Islamic overlords. There were likewise different explanations behind the Islamic achievement. The Islamic powers were presently battling together in bunches called jihads. The jihads were against non-adherents, particularly non-Islamic people groups. They rode on horseback and camels and were a unified front. The pioneers or the Caliphs likewise had a vital impact in the generally short takeover of different nations. The initial two Caliphs administered in strife. The third Caliph, Uthman (r.644-656), an individual from the Umayyad family and one of Muhammad’s children in-law, excited uneasiness among other faction individual from the inward circle and fighters. They were discontent in view of his dispersion of high workplaces and incomes. Under the Umayyad caliphate, the Muslim world turned into a state with its capital at Damascus. Getting from the direction or laws of the developments that they had quite recently vanquished, the Muslims issued coins and procured previous Byzantine and Persian authorities. They made a working government, a centralization of a capital and made a typical dialect. As the Islamic individuals wound up sorted out overcoming lands was less demanding and speedier. Works refered to Hunt Lynn, Thomas R. Martin, R. Po-chia Hsia, Bonnie G. Smith, and Barbara H. Rosenwein. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Second.Vol. I: to 1740. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007. Print. The Muslims vanquished such a great amount of land in a brief timeframe in light of the fact that at first they assaulted effectively powerless empires.For case the Byzantine and Sassanid states had been disfigured from numerous long stretches of war and over taking that domain was basically simple. Likewise the acknowledgment of Muslims by malcontented bunches in Byzantine and Sassanid gave them a strong building establishment in the new territories.These bunches were Monophysite Christians were mistreated so they invited in the new lords.The effectively intense Muslim warriors who had been battling commonly were currently joined together and were battling wars and executing non adherents together.They would attack and assume control an area and while doing as such they would fabricate urban areas where they would move caught Arab clans to live, work and pay duties to them.By doing as such they had set up a charge present for their military on battle out of in every domain making it less demanding to move and venture into different parts of Syria and Egypt.By the start of the eighth century Islamic govern had control over regions coming to from Spain to India. I additionally trust that in light of the fact that the Islamic warriors kept up peace and gave flexibility of religion to the urban areas they had control over gave them a less demanding approach to set up a following.They permitted religious resilience for an exceptional assessment and shielded the urban communities from common wars and invaders.It gave subjects a true serenity.>