Korean Literature and Culture

1. Hwang Sunwon – Cranes
Why dose Songsam let Tokchae run away?
Why teenagers try to protest through the “candle festival”?
Why did Lee Myung-Bak not attempt to change his stance?
Why does people always march with candles when protesting and called candelight festival?
What would the symbol of candle be?
Why is it that young people are usually the ones who protest the most and try to be more politically involved?

It seems likes, teenage student have led the most of Korea Democratic protests by the history. It could be the evidence that teenagers are interesting about politics, also they deserve to get right to vote.
However, the South Korea legal elective age is 19; which is college student age. Why the opponents defend 18 ages’ students joining on politics, what is their opinions?
why do we need a president if he or she cannot represent public voice?

why was voter turnout so low in 2007? (compare with 80.7% in 1997 and 70.8% in 2002, and later 75.8% in 2012)

Why did the protests that started with the beef issues expand rapidly? (Started to pose the other problems with other issues such as education, privatization, politics, environment.)

Why did eight members of President Lee’s cabinet resign during the beef protest? If protest against imported beef was so prominent, why did President Lee sign the beef import agreement? Was there any benefit in doing so?

Make Why question 2.( writer should make why question one or two sentences. you can see the examples)
Reading topic
Shamanism: tradition and its place in modern society
• Readings: Park, “Korean Religions” (section 1:
Shamanism); Seong-nae Kim, “Women, mourning, and the ritual for the death of family”
• Video: “The Daughter of God”
• Buddhism and the meaning of religious devotion
• Readings: Kim Tong-ni “Tŭngsin-bul” (Lifesized
• Buddha)
• Confucianism in Korea Culture: family, society and politics
• • Readings: Park, “Korean Religions” (section 3: Confucianism)
• The East meets the West: Catholicism encounters traditional Korea
• • Readings: Hahn Moo-sook, Encounter (selections) by
Example
Why did Master Wonhye ask and look at the narrator’s finger in which he used to write the characters, in blood, to declare he wished to practice Buddhism? What is he thinking?

according to one of the five precepts for being a part of the Buddhist community as a lay practitioner, one have to refrain from killing living beings. But selective killing is sometimes allowed. Then why do they allow one to be able to choose things to kill? does this mean that Buddhism is favor of death panalty system? or there are living things that deserve to be killed by someone?

Why did the teachings of Confucianism divide into classical and neo-Confucianism? What triggered the differences?

Why does the main character keep going to peking in the beginning of the story and at the end as well?

Why did Teresa followed Cho Suk to the prison? Is it matter of gender or christianity?

Why the author wrote long story about “going to Peking” but not about the last journey (6th) at Peking?
Why is the story (going to Peking) important? is it to show their relationship?
Why do the characters hold on to Christianity so ferverently even though they are in risk of persecution? Why did they choose to become part of something so different from their typical Confucian/ Buddhist society?

Why is there such an emphasis on Peking in the story and why does Ha-sang repeatedly talk about going there? Is the location chosen arbitrarily or is there a greater reason?

Why do Korean Christians seem to be greatly “enlightened” by this religion? Does religious persecution play a role?

Why did they accept the Confucianism for Korean education, politics, and various social rituals and etiquettes? Was there any ultimate purpose?

Why were Confucian ancestral ceremonies strictly limited to offerings performed by the living to the deceased in their family lineage? What happened if the living provided offerings to the dead outside of their family? Did this sort of situation even occur?

Korean Literature and Culture
Answer TWO in 200 words/each. (6 questions you should answer two )

2. The candlelight protest, youth activism, and the internet: how did they work together in the 21st century Korean
society?

3. How are women writers in the 1920s, 1990s and 2000s different from and similar to one another? Provide three
points to support your argument.

4. Identify three major characteristics of Confucian teaching and discuss how they are reflected in Korean literature
that we discussed in this course. Develop your argument by employing at least three literary works that we
discussed in this course.

5. Discuss the image of shaman in “The Myth of Tan’gun,” The Comfort Women, and “Women, mourning, and the
ritual for the death of family” and discuss what they share and how they diverge from one another. Offer three
points for your argument. How is the relationship between the visible and invisible function in these stories?

6. Create a working definition of religion and discuss how Shamanism, Buddhism, and Confucianism fit in your
definition. Offer three basic doctrines of each tradition in your discussion.

7. Identify three major characteristics of Confucian teaching and discuss how they are reflected in Korean literature
that we discussed in this course. Develop your argument by employing at least three literary works that we
discussed in this course.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sample Solution

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