1. Hwang Sunwon – Cranes
Why dose Songsam let Tokchae run away?
Why teenagers try to protest through the “candle festival”?
Why did Lee Myung-Bak not attempt to change his stance?
Why does people always march with candles when protesting and called candelight festival?
What would the symbol of candle be?
Why is it that young people are usually the ones who protest the most and try to be more politically involved?
It seems likes, teenage student have led the most of Korea Democratic protests by the history. It could be the evidence that teenagers are interesting about politics, also they deserve to get right to vote.
However, the South Korea legal elective age is 19; which is college student age. Why the opponents defend 18 ages’ students joining on politics, what is their opinions?
why do we need a president if he or she cannot represent public voice?
why was voter turnout so low in 2007? (compare with 80.7% in 1997 and 70.8% in 2002, and later 75.8% in 2012)
Why did the protests that started with the beef issues expand rapidly? (Started to pose the other problems with other issues such as education, privatization, politics, environment.)
Why did eight members of President Lee’s cabinet resign during the beef protest? If protest against imported beef was so prominent, why did President Lee sign the beef import agreement? Was there any benefit in doing so?
Make Why question 2.( writer should make why question one or two sentences. you can see the examples)
Shamanism: tradition and its place in modern society
• Readings: Park, “Korean Religions” (section 1:
Shamanism); Seong-nae Kim, “Women, mourning, and the ritual for the death of family”
• Video: “The Daughter of God”
• Buddhism and the meaning of religious devotion
• Readings: Kim Tong-ni “Tŭngsin-bul” (Lifesized
• Confucianism in Korea Culture: family, society and politics
• • Readings: Park, “Korean Religions” (section 3: Confucianism)
• The East meets the West: Catholicism encounters traditional Korea
• • Readings: Hahn Moo-sook, Encounter (selections) by
Why did Master Wonhye ask and look at the narrator’s finger in which he used to write the characters, in blood, to declare he wished to practice Buddhism? What is he thinking?
according to one of the five precepts for being a part of the Buddhist community as a lay practitioner, one have to refrain from killing living beings. But selective killing is sometimes allowed. Then why do they allow one to be able to choose things to kill? does this mean that Buddhism is favor of death panalty system? or there are living things that deserve to be killed by someone?
Why did the teachings of Confucianism divide into classical and neo-Confucianism? What triggered the differences?
Why does the main character keep going to peking in the beginning of the story and at the end as well?
Why did Teresa followed Cho Suk to the prison? Is it matter of gender or christianity?
Why the author wrote long story about “going to Peking” but not about the last journey (6th) at Peking?
Why is the story (going to Peking) important? is it to show their relationship?
Why do the characters hold on to Christianity so ferverently even though they are in risk of persecution? Why did they choose to become part of something so different from their typical Confucian/ Buddhist society?
Why is there such an emphasis on Peking in the story and why does Ha-sang repeatedly talk about going there? Is the location chosen arbitrarily or is there a greater reason?
Why do Korean Christians seem to be greatly “enlightened” by this religion? Does religious persecution play a role?
Why did they accept the Confucianism for Korean education, politics, and various social rituals and etiquettes? Was there any ultimate purpose?
Why were Confucian ancestral ceremonies strictly limited to offerings performed by the living to the deceased in their family lineage? What happened if the living provided offerings to the dead outside of their family? Did this sort of situation even occur?
Korean Literature and Culture
Answer TWO in 200 words/each. (6 questions you should answer two )
2. The candlelight protest, youth activism, and the internet: how did they work together in the 21st century Korean
3. How are women writers in the 1920s, 1990s and 2000s different from and similar to one another? Provide three
points to support your argument.
4. Identify three major characteristics of Confucian teaching and discuss how they are reflected in Korean literature
that we discussed in this course. Develop your argument by employing at least three literary works that we
discussed in this course.
5. Discuss the image of shaman in “The Myth of Tan’gun,” The Comfort Women, and “Women, mourning, and the
ritual for the death of family” and discuss what they share and how they diverge from one another. Offer three
points for your argument. How is the relationship between the visible and invisible function in these stories?
6. Create a working definition of religion and discuss how Shamanism, Buddhism, and Confucianism fit in your
definition. Offer three basic doctrines of each tradition in your discussion.
7. Identify three major characteristics of Confucian teaching and discuss how they are reflected in Korean literature
that we discussed in this course. Develop your argument by employing at least three literary works that we
discussed in this course.
Diagram In this report I am will audit the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework (EYFS) taking a gander at the standards, how they support our Early Years settings and depend on the hypothesis of pioneers. I will then cover the esteem and significance of play and how this is a noteworthy piece of kids’ learning. I will diagram how we got to where we are today with the EYFS Framework including the significance and the effect it has had on the present specialists. Toward the finish of the survey I will take a gander at how preparing and the proceeding with proficient improvement of experts is fundamental. Standards Lexicon definition – ‘a reality or general law that is utilized as a reason for a hypothesis or arrangement of conviction’ Oxford English Dictionary, third release 2005 Early Years Foundation Stage standards: A one of a kind kid – each tyke is an able student from birth who can be flexible, skilled, sure and confident. Constructive Relationships – youngsters figure out how to be solid and autonomous from a base of adoring and secure associations with guardians as well as a key individual. Empowering Environments – the earth assumes a key part in supporting and broadening youngsters’ advancement and learning. Learning and Developing – youngsters create and learn in various courses and at various rates and all territories of Learning and Development are similarly essential and between associated. The present youngsters are the primary need in each Early Years rehearse. The Early Years Foundation Stage must be supported by standards supporting each zone of a youngster’s advancement. They are all of equivalent significance and should be set up when looking after kids. They cooperate giving an animating and significant practice, conveyance of the EYFS and putting the legitimate prerequisites in to point of view. They likewise bolster kid’s needs and intrigue which implies fitting exercises are conveyed. Key pioneers and scholars, for example, Montessori and Margaret MacMillan have been contemplating how kids learn for more than 200 years. Through considering and watching kids they understood and built up what was critical for a kid to create and learn. Margaret MacMillan went to her hypothesis in the wake of seeing the influence destitution was having on kids. She ended up mindful of the significance of investigating the normal world, being outside in open spaces and accepting consistent dinners, shower time and a lot of rest. As indicated by M.MacMillian ‘In outdoors nursery kids had no examinations to sit, no formal structure to the day however had sufficient energy to play, to run free in open spaces, feel the sun and the breeze and investigate the characteristic world.(how youngsters learn pg24) Key pioneers scholars still impact our standards and showing today, as we guarantee that kids’ learning is broadened and that they approach for the duration of the day to both the indoor and outside region and not exactly at set circumstances. The open air territory is currently an augmentation of the classroom bringing the indoor zones outside including pretend, composition, planting, and administering to life stock. Youngsters’ families who are on a low pay are additionally offered free school dinners to guarantee the kid got a sound adjusted eating regimen and all kids are since time is running short and space to rest for the duration of the day. Estimation of play ‘Play is a great helper, urging kids to be imaginative and to build up their thoughts, comprehension and dialect. Through play, kids investigate, apply and try out what they know and can do’ Rumbold report pg7 56 All infants and youngsters appreciate playing, it is a fundamental piece of their growing up and is required for kids to achieve their maximum capacity. It enables the youngsters to be ‘in control’ of their own learning and is utilized ordinary, this enables us to see significantly more of their accomplishments rather setting the scene for them. Youngsters can consolidate their play with learning in a protected domain as C.Macintyre (into VIII) states ‘despite the fact that the kids may be believed to be ‘simply playing’ all the time they are adapting, similarly as quick as possible’ Play bolsters a kid’s all encompassing improvement as ‘play supports all advancement and learning for youthful youngsters. Most kids play precipitously, albeit some may require grown-up help, and it is through play that they grow mentally, imaginatively, physically, socially and inwardly. Youngsters can get the hang of everything through play and it is a compelling method for adapting so it ought to be made fun and charming for both the kids and the guardians. It is likewise vital that youngsters and professionals comprehend they are permitted to play and that it is through play that they learn. When playing kids normally build up their aptitudes and to carry on and over come any issues they have in the prompt world. It is likewise where the youngsters do their reasoning, critical thinking and utilize direct encounters so it is vital that the specialists and guardians enter the kids’ reality and empower their play. Playing can happen anyplace in the classroom as well as the outside territory also and kids should be given time and space to put. The excursion of Early Years Foundation Stage educational programs The excursion of how we got to the present EYFS educational programs began in 1990 with the Rumbold report ‘beginning with quality’. It inquired about in to the nature of training for under five’s and how the procedure of a tyke’s learning is similarly as imperative as the result. The report expresses ‘Youngsters’ creative energy can be supported by reacting to their interest. With support and incitement, this interest will form into a hunger for, and delight in, learning.’ Pg 7 56. In 1996 Desirable Outcomes were presented comprising of six territories of learning: individual and social improvement, dialect and proficiency, arithmetic, information and comprehension of the world, physical advancement, and imaginative advancement. The Curriculum Guidance was then set up in 2000 for the Foundation Stage youngsters matured 3-5 years. It implied they had their own particular educational modules which upheld their necessities inside the 6 territories of learning. Under every region at that point had define objectives which gave direction and structure to their instruction. Every kid will accomplish these objectives at their own rate and are the establishment of their learning. It was then seen that kids under 3 additionally required some direction so in 2003 Sure begin presented a system known as Birth to three: supporting our most youthful youngsters presented. It adopts an all encompassing strategy in small venturing stones nurturing kids needs and schedule. These are secured by four parts: A solid youngster, skilful communicator, capable student and sound kid. Today every training is required to take after the Early years structure. It goes along and underpins all kids from birth to five and isolates from the National educational programs. It centers around advancement, learning and care of the kid. The structure The EYFS structure is one record which all settings working with youngsters should agree to. It incorporates both instruction and mind and is bolstered by the four standards (supplement). For a viable setting it is essential that the accompanying key focuses are set up. This has hugy affected expert as it guarantees each youngster’s advancement is being met and they are viewed as a person. Watching a youngster is a critical piece of the everyday part of an expert inside an Early Years setting. As watching a youngster you can find the kid’s advantages, different preferences, personal conduct standards, asses the kid’s phase of advancement and distinguish any examples in the kid’s learning. S.Isaac pg 35 how youngsters learn ‘enabled grown-ups to truly become more acquainted with kids, that their feelings were not concealed’ It can likewise feature any worries you may have and guarantees that the tyke is viewed as a person with every one of its needs being met. Watching a youngster includes looking, tuning in and being movement included. Surveying a tyke is of equivalent significance as watching them, as you utilize the data from the perception to distinguish the youngster’s accomplishment and plan the tyke’s subsequent stages in their advancement and learning. ‘Progressing appraisal is a basic piece of the learning and improvement process’ EYFS Statutory Framework pg 16 2.19 In my own particular setting we are frequently watching kids amid play as this is the point at which we believe we acquire from watching the kids as they are more agreeable and show the aptitudes that they have learnt. We at that point take the tyke’s perception and record their accomplishments in their individual profiles and learning ventures. From taking a gander at their accomplishments we at that point design their following stages. This procedure is a constant cycle as appeared in the graph. Arranging There are three distinct kinds of arranging Long-term, Medium term and here and now which are all vital as they guarantee all zones of a youngster’s advancement are equitably met. It likewise guarantees every one of the standards are being supported inside the setting and that the kids approach an extensive variety of region including indoor, open air and a peaceful region. Arranging additionally empowers zones of improvement to be connected together so the kids are building up a scope of aptitudes and learning. In my setting the youngsters are particularly required with the arranging as we are occupied with what the kids need to learn. We utilize here and now week by week designs (Appendix) and survey the exercises every day including to perceive how fruitful they have been and to broaden the kids’ learning. Great arranging is the way to making youngsters’ learning powerful’ EYFS FRAMEWORK guideline pg12 2.8 Record keeping Keeping a record of kids’ improvement is completely vital as it screens a kid’s advance and accomplishments. Additionally features any examples in a youngster advancement and is utilized as proof to demonstrate guardians, outside experts and educators. In my setting every kid has their own particular Learning Journal which they are engaged with. It comprises of the tyke profile, proof of their>