Maladaptive responses to disorders are compensatory mechanisms that ultimately have adverse health effects for patients. For instance, a patient’s allergic reaction to peanuts might lead to anaphylactic shock, or a patient struggling with depression might develop a substance abuse problem. To properly diagnose and treat patients, advanced practice nurses must understand both the pathophysiology of disorders and potential maladaptive responses that some disorders cause.
Consider immune disorders such as HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus E. What are resulting maladaptive responses for patients with these disorders?
Select two of the following immune disorders: HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, or systemic lupus E (SLE). Identify the pathophysiology of each disorder you selected. Consider the compensatory mechanisms that the disorders trigger. Then compare the resulting maladaptive and physiological responses of the two disorders. Select one of the following factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior.
Consider the case of Ashley Russell. At the age of 14 months, Ashley was diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. As a baby, her parents noticed that her knee was always swollen and that she often wanted to be carried instead of walking on her own (Cyr, 2012). After seeking medical care, Ashley’s underlying disorder was discovered. Arthritis in children is not uncommon. According to the CDC (2011), an estimated 294,000 children under age 18 have some form of arthritis or rheumatic condition. Due to the prevalence of the disorder in both children and adults, you must understand the pathophysiology and symptoms of arthritis in order to properly diagnose and prescribe treatment.
Identify the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Consider the similarities and differences of the disorders. Select two of the following patient factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Reflect on how the factors you selected might impact the pathophysiology of the disorders, as well as the diagnosis of and treatment for the disorders.
alton-towers-recouping from-a-harmed reputation.php Distributed: 21st August, 2018 Last Edited: 21st August, 2018 Disclaimer: This article has been put together by an understudy. This isn’t a case of the work composed by our expert article scholars. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, ends or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don’t really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Presentation In the course of the most recent decade, there has been an exceptional change in the manner by which buyers speak with brands (Giannini, 2011). Rather than one-path correspondence in which organizations show spontaneous data about brands and items through commercials and advancement messages in the commercial center, they look for data when they are prepared to take part in an exchange and turn out to be a piece of a commonly useful network involving advertisers and purchasers (Giannini, 2011). Advertising is the field which accentuates the significance of two way mark relationship utilizing both conventional and new media channels (Butterick, 2011). This paper centers upon how Alton Towers Resorts can utilize the parts of advertising as a feature of its promoting endeavors to recoup its harmed notoriety – which has caused it a huge misfortune in income – because of the crash of Smiler thrill ride in 2015. Criticalness of Trust Creating trust with the buyers contributes towards supporting a required piece of the pie and benefit in the long haul (Giannini, 2011). Upgraded purchaser trust in brands additionally contributes towards producing more prominent buyer fulfillment commercial center (Giannini, 2011). Alton Towers, which is the UK’s most loved and number one amusement stop (BBC, 2015), has delighted in great buyer trust for quite a long time. Alton Towers has constantly taken the wellbeing and security of its visitors genuinely and therefore it has the best wellbeing and security records among all the amusement stops in the UK (Layton, 2015). Every one of its rides are liable to intensive security evaluations embraced by authority support designs in accordance with strict methods (Layton, 2015). The organization likewise embraces preparing of its workers and behaviors standard wellbeing and security reviews (Layton, 2015). It has a fantastic emergency treatment mind benefit and an on location responder group prepared by West Midlands Ambulance Service (Layton, 2015). Resultantly, the organization conveys 12.6 million individual rides each season (Layton, 2015). Be that as it may, the notoriety of Alton Towers following the mischance of its Smiler crazy ride in June 2015 has been harmed altogether. The mishap brought about a few people being truly harmed and prompted the impermanent conclusion of the amusement stop (BBC, 2015). The mischance adversy affected its exchanging toward the start of an imperative summer season (Schram, 2015). The organization evaluated that its half-year benefit is required to drop between 43%-54% from a year ago’s £87m to £40m-£50m this year (Schram, 2015). The suspension of market action over the various guests’ attractions claimed by Merlin – the proprietor of Alton Towers – additionally had a solid negative effect on the business (Schram, 2015). Advertising Strategy Keeping in mind the end goal to recoup the harmed notoriety of the brand, Alton Towers needs to convey an advertising effort to draw in with general society instead of run a showcasing effort. Advertising effort empower associations to react to a business challenges -, for example, the one looked by Alton Towers in the outcome of Smiler crazy ride mischance – as opposed to just create positive media scope. Smith (2013) states that advertising hypotheses essentially distinguish a four-stage process for conceiving and actualizing an advertising effort. Advertising scholars have abridged these as: (1) the RACE acronym (look into, activities, correspondence and assessment); (2) the ROPE acronym (inquire about, goals, arranging, and assessment); (3) and the RAISE acronym (examine, activity, usage, system, assessment) (Kendall, 1997; Hendrix and Hayes, 2010). Every one of these hypotheses spin around the essential four-stage demonstrate which includes (1) dissecting nature, (2) distinguishing proof of groups of onlookers and targets, (3) advancement of a key approach and (4) improvement of the usage plan (Smith, 2013). Smith (2013) has joined every one of these speculations to offer an exhaustive key arranging system for advertising effort containing the over four fundamental stages. It is as per the following: Developmental Research Dissecting the circumstance Dissecting the association Dissecting the publics Procedure Building up objectives and targets Figuring activity and reaction systems Building up the message procedure Strategies Choosing correspondence strategies Actualizing the vital plans Assessing Research Assessing the key arrangement (Smith, 2013 p.16) Developmental Research In the over, the foundation of the organization and the circumstance and its effect upon the picture of the brand and its income has quickly broke down. Consequently, it is presently basic to investigate the ‘publics’ or the partners that are to be influenced by the advertising effort. The distinguishing proof of the publics will empower the advertisers to choose an appropriate channel of media to best connect with the gathering of people (Baines, et al. 2007). Publics are characterized as a gathering of individuals having a typical intrigue and qualities in a specific circumstance (Reddi, 2009). In advertising, publics are ‘a gathering of people, particularly one that is keen on or influenced by an activity or a thought of an association’ (Reddi, 2009 p. 68). In this occurrence, publics involve all the dynamic gathering of people who are associated, anyway freely, by some basic concern which has outcomes for Alton Towers (Hallahan, 2000; Reddi, 2009). Advertising scholars have distinguished an essential arrangement of publics or partners which are pertinent to generally associations. For example, Baines, et al (2007) have recognized the accompanying gatherings of publics: Workers Potential Employees Providers of merchandise Wholesalers Clients Money related markets Sentiment pioneers and formers The people group Different publics Reddi (2009) has distinguished some extra gatherings as: Media open Universal open Friedman (2006) additionally includes the accompanying partners: Contenders Government, controllers and approach creators From these gatherings of publics, the primary focal point of Alton Towers’ advertising effort ought to be the outside partners from the overall public, for example, the (1) network, (2) clients (people, organizations, schools, and so forth.), (3) media open, (4) budgetary markets (counting speculators) (5) feeling pioneers and formers (5) different publics, for example, those influenced by the mishap, and (6) government and approach producers. The explanation for this choice is that separated from the ongoing Smiler exciting ride mishap, Alton Towers has outstanding amongst other reputation of guaranteeing wellbeing and wellbeing which is probably all around perceived by the inward partners, for example, workers, wholesalers, providers, and so on. The present test relates to recapture the trust of outer open inside the more extensive populace, which has been mutilated by the expanded focal point of reporters on a solitary episode. With a specific end goal to make the battle best, Alton Towers ought to organize its publics if in the event that it is looked by the imperatives of spending plans and assets. Organizing the general population can assist an organization with running a powerful crusade even inside a tight spending plan (Baines, et al. 2007). The publics of Alton Towers can be organized through the power/intrigue network. Level of Interest Low High Power Low Class A Insignificant Effort Provider Wholesalers Workers Contenders Class B Keep Informed Media open Potential workers Money related markets High Class C Keep Satisfied Conclusion pioneers Network Class D Key Players Clients Different publics Procedure The second period of the advertising effort identifies with figuring destinations, activities and message technique. Pople and Turnbull, (2012), express that powerful goals ought to be SMART – that is, particular, quantifiable, achievable, resourced and time-based. Besides, these destinations can be psychological, emotional or potentially conative (Lantos, 2010). Intellectual targets are those that identify with making mindfulness about something and urge individuals to think. Full of feeling goals are those that shape the demeanor, conclusion or feeling of the publics around an issue. Conative goals urge the groups of onlookers to act positively (Lantos, 2010) (see figure 1). Figure 1 How conative goals urge the groups of onlookers to act a specific way (Source: Lantos, 2010 p. 503) So as to defeat the test relating to the notoriety of Alton Towers, the organization can join an arrangement of intellectual, full of feeling and conative SMART destinations for its advertising effort. These are as per the following: To upgrade the consciousness of the wellbeing and security measures attempted by the organization in the UK by May 2016 to accomplish a half development in deals in the accompanying summer season This is a subjective goal went for urging the intended interest group to be guaranteed that an excursion to Alton Towers is protected and that the organization takes each measure humanly conceivable to deflect any untoward occurrence Reconstruct the trust of open in excite rides at guests’ attractions and subject. Change the state of mind of no less than 100,000 individuals from the publics by May, 2016. This is a full of feeling objective went for recovering the trust of incredulous individuals in excite rides and its wellbeing gauges at Alton Towers. To create the constructive input of no less than 100,000 individuals about the help given by Alton Towers to those influenced and physically disabled by occurrences at Alton Towers and fabricated an ‘Alton Towers Cares’ picture according to open. Th>