prepare a program evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart and apply critical path method (CPM) techniques.
Company A is installing a web-based customer feedback system to meet customer needs for quick response when rolling out new products. A new product line is rolling out in 48 weeks, and the customer feedback system must be installed and running in time for the new product launch. Table 1.1 in the attached “QAT1 Task 4 Spreadsheet” shows three estimates of the time it will take Company A to complete each of the project activities in the customer feedback system project: optimistic, probable, and pessimistic.
Company B is installing a similar feedback system to accompany a new product line and just announced that its new product line is ahead of schedule and will be launched in 45 weeks. Because the web-based customer feedback system must be installed and running in time for the revised date of the product launch in 45 weeks, something must be done to shorten implementation time required for the customer feedback system project. Refer to Table 1.2 in the attached “QAT1 Task 4 Spreadsheet” that lists the time it will take to complete the activities using normal resources (normal time), the expected time it will take to complete the activities if shortened as much as possible (crash time), the cost to complete the activity using normal resources (normal cost), and the cost of completing the activity on an accelerated basis (crash cost).
A. Use the estimates for Company A in Table 1.1 from the attached “QAT1 Task 4 Spreadsheet” to do the following:
1. Determine the expected completion time for each of the nine project activities.
a. Include all your answers for part A1 in Table 1.1, showing all of your work for one activity.
2. Determine the variance for each of the nine project activities.
a. Include all your answers for part A2 in Table 1.1, showing all of your work for one activity.
3. Develop a PERT chart showing the network diagram with the activities and their expected times.
a. Identify the critical path.
4. Determine the value of each of the following, showing all of your work or reasoning:
a. expected duration of the entire project, showing all of your work or reasoning.
b. slack for project Activity E, showing all of your work or reasoning.
c. slack for project Activity C, showing all of your work or reasoning.
d. earliest start time for project Activity F, showing all of your work or reasoning.
e. latest finish time for project Activity G, showing all of your work or reasoning.
5. Determine the probability of completing this project in time for the product launch in 48 weeks, showing all of your work.
B. Use the data for Company B in Table 1.2 from the attached “QAT1 Task 4 Spreadsheet” to do the following:
1. Determine the maximum reduction in time for each of the ten project activities.
a. Include your answers for part B1 in Table 1.2, showing all of your work for one activity.
2. Determine the crash cost per week for each of the ten project activities.
a. Include your answers for part B2 in Table 1.2, showing all of your work for one activity.
C. Use your results from part B (i.e., Table 1.2, given PERT diagram, activities L-U) to do the following:
1. Identify the activities, considering all paths, to be crashed to meet the following criteria:
• completion of the project within 22 weeks
• achievement of the lowest possible cost
2. Determine the number of weeks each of the activities identified in part C1 should be crashed.
3. Determine the sum of the individual costs of crashing each activity identified in part C1.
Little Bee, by Chris Cleave, is a novel that investigates both the feebleness of the human condition and the perseverance of the human soul. It digs into unbelievable abhorrence, however all the while praises its characters in their capacity to rise above all that overloads them, including their pasts, their privileged insights, and their defects. The book is about the bond framed between two ladies and how the relationship that has emerged from the most disastrous of conditions capacities to revive them two. For the character of Little Bee, personality is unpreventably fixing to ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, race, and class. She is hampered by the heaviness of her past; yet she additionally transcends these qualifications in her proceeded with confidence, as confirm in her fantasies and dynamic creative ability. A delegate section of the book that investigates Little Bees perspective (the two its endless good faith and distinct authenticity) happens in the books last part. Little Bee is on the shoreline, arising from a fantasy. The fantasy was of her optimal life going ahead: Living in a lovely home in her local Nigeria, filling in as a columnist who gathers stories like her own, Sarah and Charlie with her as family. Little Bee is serene, considering the clamor that has awoken her and, by expansion, her place on the planet. After the entry are the last couple of pages of the novel, in which Little Bee isolates from Sarah and Charlie in light of the fact that the equipped men (apparently troopers) are scanning for her. At last Little Bee, provoked by the men shooting at Charlie, penances herself by uncovering her personality to them. The entry is inauspicious. Fundamentally, the peruser knows by this point they are simple pages from the finish of the story. The pages earlier have seen a few decent improvements after the turn of Little Bees extradition to Nigeria. Sarah and Charlie have come back with her and they are starting gathering stories from other local individuals keeping in mind the end goal to uncover the facts of the oil organizations pitilessness to the world. They are unwinding in the sun, on the shoreline close where Little Bees sister Nkiruka was executed. Little Bee is awoken from a decent dream, yet instantly the peruser gets the feeling that something terrible is going to happen. This comes because of the main sentence of the section, There is a minute when you wake up from imagining in the hot sun, a minute outside time when you don’t comprehend what you are (Cleave 258). The sentence demonstrates that Little Bee is scrutinizing her personality at simply the minute when she ought to be most certain of it. Since Little Bee has been looking for a home, a family, and having a place, and has apparently discovered it, the peruser understands that it is as yet dubious. It is critical to bring up that the peruser realizes that the proposition of the book is that it is a miserable story. We are told at an opportune time, Sad words are simply one more excellence. A tragic story implies, this storyteller is alive (Cleave 9). Along these lines we realize that the story can not have a cheerful consummation, but rather nor is the closure at last appalling. Plainly Little Bee has survived simply in the recounting the story, yet in addition that something terrible will happen to her at last. So the entry on the shoreline is arranged at the correct minute between Little Bee at her most joyful and the dreadful occasions that will make this a dismal story. The book as interchanges between the perspectives of Sarah and Little Bee, however this area is told in Little Bees voice. It is important that the last part be her point of view, given that the such an extensive amount the book manages the absence of western learning of individuals like Little Bee, the quietness with respect to their accounts, and the mending intensity of narrating. The most huge component of voice in this entry is the tonal move between its two sections. In the principal passage, Little Bee is leaving her fantasy and the portrayal is reminiscent of that half-conscious state. The second passage is Little Bee, eyes open, in the mist of recollecting who and where she is, the point at which she says, a white lady was sitting by me on the shoreline in the thing called shade (Cleave 259). This passage additionally alludes to the arrival of Little Bees Africanness in its wording. The suggestion is that shade, a generally basic word with her propelled level of English, is again unfamiliar to her. At that point she says, with respect to Sarah, I hunt down the name of her demeanor in your dialect panicked, again battling for simple dialect. Given that in the past section she has examined change finally, it seems as though the peruser is seeing Little Bee relapse to the self she was before England and Sarahs impact. Another vital component of voice is the utilization of the second individual perspective in the primary section. This strategy is likewise utilized all through the book, as sifted through Little Bee. The second individual is an influencing method for getting the peruser to identify with its speaker. While Little Bee’s conditions might be hard for some perusers (especially the group of onlookers that may approach and inspiration to peruse the novel) to comprehend, the second individual powers the peruser to envision herself in her stead. The utilization of second individual as an apparatus ties in with one of the focal subjects of the book: what it takes for one individual to comprehend the predicament of another. This topic is apparent at numerous focuses: Sarah and Andrew excursion in Nigeria in spite of its war; Andrew declines to remove his finger however it might mean the young ladies will kick the bucket; Sarah rejects Andrew’s sorrow. In this manner when Little Bee acknowledges ‘you are an animal with skin’ she is acknowledging it for herself, as well as for every one of the perusers (Cleave 259). Being human, they are liable to all similar desolations and euphorias that she is and are comparably mortal. The entry investigates the possibility of character, particularly one’s identity in relationship to the world and how one knows she is human. The thought is fortified using a few expanded illustrations. Reiteration of these analogies gives them heave. The first is ‘you should be cash’ (Cleave 258). This insinuates the past area, in which she says that the commotion that woke her up is ‘the sound of the surf beating on the beach’Crash, similar to the cabinet of a money enlist springing open and every one of the coins inside it crushing against the edge of their compartments’ (Cleave 258). That the ‘you’ character is cash is amusing, given that earlier the peruser is advised ‘you feel completely free’ (Cleave 258). Cash in the book speaks to abhorrent. It is the fundamental inspiration for the oil organizations that have adulterated Nigeria and separated its kin. Also, Sarah’s finger is taken as a sort of installment for Little Bee’s life and in that capacity, she is angry of her own commodification. Next Little Bee looks at herself to natural components of the shoreline itself. The shoreline speaks to the specific best and most exceedingly terrible parts of Little Bee’s life: It is the place her sister was killed, yet additionally where she met Sarah and Andrew. At the time of the entry, it is the place she is unwinding and longing for a superior life, yet in addition where she is going to be recovered. Separate composes that Little Bee is ‘that hot breeze,’ (258) yet even as breeze she is troubled, as he portrays ‘the largeness you feel in your appendages is the heaviness of the salt in the breeze and the sweet drowsiness that beguiles you is basically the exhaustion that originates from the day-and-night pushing of waves over the sea’ (259). It is as amusing as the fiscal correlation: Just as we view cash as the inverse of free, so is breeze the inverse of overwhelming. The entry reveals to us that character is alterable, in any event in one’s own particular creative energy. Similarly as meager Bee has made herself English, she can be African once more. She can envision herself as free as the breeze or as unimportant as a grain of sand. In the brain, it is ‘as though you could change yourself into anything by any stretch of the imagination’ (Cleave 258). After she is the breeze, she is ‘the sand that the breeze explodes the shoreline, only one grain of sand among the billions of blown grains’ (Cleave 259). Again she is a characteristic component of the shoreline, however this time one that is ‘immaterial’ and one that can ‘essentially to return to rest, as the sand does, until the point that the breeze thinks to stir it once more’ (Cleave 259). With this examination, Cleave is investigating Little Bee’s as an element that isn’t loaded (as the breeze seems to be) by duty, however rather is troubled by others following up on her. This parallels with Little Bee’s disaster, as she had no organization over her own particular destiny or that of her town, or any capacity to ensure her sister. Next Little Bee understands her own bodily nearness and its innate mortality. She says, ‘this skin is your own’ and ‘a billion fishes have disappeared this way, fluttering on the blinding white sand, and why will one more matter?’ (Cleave 259). Similarly as she has understood her powerlessness to control her own predetermination, she is understanding her irrelevance. This is simply more important as next she understands, ‘I am a young lady, at that point, an African young lady’ (Cleave 259). She is liable to the abuse that her sex and her nationality convey with them. As a young lady, she has less power than a man, and men in this novel are operators of obliteration. The peruser is recounted this before in the story when Little Bee says, ‘The men came and they…That was the means by which the greater part of our accounts began’ (Cleave 79). Her Africanness, too, abandons her open to risk, as Sarah can come back to England and be ensured wellbeing however she can not. This acknowledgment does not leave Little Bee such a great amount of discouraged as surrendered. She will stay herself, ‘as the shape-changing enchantment of dreams whispers once more into the thunder of the sea’ (Cleave 259). It is a hinting of her ultimate choice. She doesn’t escape or battle, yet rather to surrender herself for Charlie, in light of the fact that he is youthful and will proceed with the fantasy for her. The peruser takes from Little Bee personality is liquid and one’s own particular self-recognition can be an apparatus of amazing quality. Little Bee>