Ethics

 

1) What is Hume’s Gap or Guillotine between “Is” and “Ought” and do you think “sociobiology” commits naturalistic fallacy? (Textbook, p.5)
2) Euthyphro dilemma (p.37): “Is piety loved by God, because it is holy, not holy because it is loved by God?” This question wants to emphasize that ‘piety’ has an independent standard on its ow for which God also loves it. Socrates believed that God has set the standard already inside us to be able to separate “pious” and “impious” acts. Compare this account with Gandhi’s words at the end of his article, “Religion & Truth”:
“I do not believe in the exclusive divinity of the Vedas. I believe the Bible, the Koran, and the Zend Avesta, to be as much divinely inspired as the Vedas. My belief in the Hindu scriptures does not require me to accept every word and every verse as divinely inspired… I decline to be bound by any interpretation, however learned it may be, if it is repugnant to reason or moral sense.” (p.40)
Do you see a relation between Socrates’ account about Euthyphro’s dilemma and Gandhi’s words above? Discuss.

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