After reading Astramovich’s article, you will complete a data-driven Needs Assessment for a specific counseling population. Specifically, you will use the 4 stages of counseling Needs Assessment and will focus on the use of existing data to formulate your response.
Identify a target/specific population you plan to work with as a counselor (e.g., LGBT youth, adults with depression, adolescent girls with disordered eating, etc.). Find at least three (3) journal articles (published within 10 years) that discuss your specific population’s needs in mental health treatment. Your articles should be published in counseling-based journals: however, social work and psychology journals can be utilized only if no studies have been published on your topic in counseling journals. Summarize the findings presented in the literature by clearly identifying at least 3 overarching needs of your targeted population. You should use the 4 stages of counseling Needs Assessment as headings in your paper to provide your paper with the organization. Your paper should be 2-3 pages in length in addition to title and reference page. You will use this information to inform how you would evaluate a treatment program for your targeted population (e.g., a residential program for youth diagnosed with mood disorders, a wilderness program for girls with PTSD, a 90-day drug and alcohol detox program, etc.,).
Basically assess and exhibit the connection between rising heftiness levels in ladies from low-pay families in the UK with reference to the impact pay has on nourishment decision Various investigations and reports in the course of recent years (Marmot, 2010; Acheson, 1998; DEFRA) have distinguished social designing in levels of stoutness. Results in the UK have demonstrated a developing pattern among ladies from low-pay family units and weight. Salary alongside other social components impacts nourishment decision. There is broad open and government learning that low-salary family units are well on the way to have an uneven eating regimen which adds to weakness results (Marmot, 2010; LINDS, 2007; Acheson 1998). Low-pay impacts on heftiness by restricting access to assets, the more wage a family has the greater openness to sustenance decisions they will have (Sobal and Stunkard, 1989). Low-pay can be characterized as lower than half of the normal salary (Acheson; 1998). This paper will endeavor to investigate the causes and outcomes of the pervasiveness of stoutness for ladies from low-pay foundations while considering natural and social angles. Research on dietary practices show that openness and learning of solid practices are critical elements that must be additionally be considered (American Psychological Association, 2005). In 1997, after the decision of New Labor, the legislature authorized an investigation into wellbeing imbalances. The Acheson Report pursued the request making numerous suggestions to address wellbeing imbalances among ladies, families and kids. The report educated the advantages with respect to enhancing the eating regimen of ladies and young ladies to make changes not exclusively to their very own wellbeing, yet additionally the soundness of their kids and future families (Acheson, 1998). In like manner, the Health Survey for England (2003) discovered ladies from the lower social classes are more helpless to heftiness, no relationship was found for men (Sproston and Primatesta, 2004). Somewhere else the worldwide example has all the earmarks of being the equivalent, the World Health Organization did an examination crosswise over 26 nations and found the social inclination of heftiness levels reliably higher among ladies than men (Wilkinson and Pickett, 2010 pg98). Later examinations, for example, the Marmot Review (2010) indicated wage alongside other common social variables; social hardship and ethnicity expanded the danger of heftiness for ladies. The UK has one of the quickest developing rates of heftiness in the created world. This unfaltering increment has prompted a general public where overweight is the standard (Weight Management Center, 2010). Notwithstanding the expansion in the course of the most recent 50 years there has been a move in qualities in present day, created social orders towards slimness as a favored body shape (Sobal and Stunkard, 1989). On the other hand, it is fascinating to note recorded perceptions of female body weight, for instance, in nineteenth Century Britain, well proportioned ladies of the middles classes where viewed as objects of magnificence, a huge surprising figure was an image of riches and high status (Williams and Germov, 2009). In creating social orders fullness is depicted as positive, though in created social orders it is viewed as negative. An outrageous case of this can at present be seen in some African societies where they send young ladies to stuffing cabins to put on exorbitant weight to expand their excellence, status and marriage potential (Brink, 1989). The manner in which we pick and eat sustenance can be profound established in convoluted social reasons. We may pick nourishments dependent on what we had as a tyke, sustenances that mean something to us, give sentiments of solace or to seek to a way of life. Nourishment has dependably been connected to social implications however at no other time as it been so generally accessible and moderate to devour such modest vitality rich sustenances (Wilkinson and Pickett, 2010). Essentially nourishments we eat can be routine and temperament upgrading, ladies more every now and again report sustenance longings than men (Dye and Blundell, 1997). New research proposes some high fat high sugar eating methodologies can cause changes in the cerebrum tantamount to medicate fixation, additionally the examinations found these mind changes can be passed on to posterity (Society for Neuroscience, 2012) in spite of the fact that this exploration is captivating the proof is extremely restricted however future venture into this territory could demonstrate exceptionally wise. Social propensities and standards create and change for the duration of the existence course, past occasions and encounters shape nourishment decision, similarly future desires and social determinants impact sustenance choice. Right off the bat in life we create nourishment establishes that in time prompt set up eating regimen designs. The social condition can assume a job in nourishment decisions we make and may impact examples of heftiness in a few gatherings. Important to note is an examination that took a gander at the spread of weight in a vast interpersonal organization more than 32 years, finding a connection recommending kin and companions of a similar sex shared a heftiness spreading design. The examination observed the connection to be most grounded with female kin in spite of the fact that it was additionally present in same sex companions and life partners. This suggests weight as irresistible, demonstrating that individuals are impacted by the appearance and practices of social contacts. So, other impersonation practices that may happen under a similar impact, for example, exercise and smoking can likewise affect heftiness (Christakis and Fowler, 2007). Studies uncover that ladies from ethnic minority bunches living in the UK have a higher heftiness rates than men from similar gatherings (Health Survey for England, 2004). The figures for heftiness in ladies from these gatherings specifically, Black African and Bangladeshi females, is higher than whatever is left of the overall public. In any case, the outcomes might be constrained because of the little numbers speaking to a portion of the ethnic minority gatherings. As indicated by the Department of Health, Equality Analysis: A suggestion to take action on heftiness in England (2011), there isn’t sufficient proof accessible to credit causative elements to ethnic corpulence pervasiveness in the UK. The connection among’s corpulence and ethnicity is mind boggling. Some proof focuses at basic hereditary helplessness to stoutness related sickness, for example, diabetes exacerbated by changes in dietary propensities , absence of activity and natural conditions (Holmboe-Ottesen and Wandel, 2012). A similar report took a gander at the dietary changes of outsiders from low-salary nations to Europe, uncovering two components which could modify way of life and wellbeing results of migrants. Right off the bat, cultural assimilation a procedure whereby the workers are impacted by the sustenance culture of the host nation, furthermore, nourishment change which has a worldwide pattern, for example, whenever prepared nourishments are just accessible to the high wage bunches in the nation of root, at that point after movement these nourishments are more accessible and shoddy, settling on them show up a perfect decision. The example between wage disparity and corpulence gives off an impression of being more grounded for ladies than men (National Obesity Observatory, 2011). While trying to comprehend this example it is critical to think about numerous variables. There is a conviction that stoutness has a hereditary inclination ‘thrifty phenotype’ (Hales and Barker, 2001). While hereditary qualities can have a job, Wilkinson and Pickett (2010) contend the connection isn’t solid enough to clarify quickly expanding heftiness in the course of the most recent 30 years. They recommend the ascent in stoutness more probable identified with changes in the public eye in the manner in which we live, for example, expanding nourishment costs, availability, the development in cheap food outlets, microwave cooking, poor culinary abilities and changes in physical movement levels. It is misty with respect to why the heftiness design for ladies from low-salary bunches is more grounded than for men, explore here is constrained. What is of concern is the wellbeing suggestions that these ladies confront, startling figures from Healthy Lives, Healthy People (2011) report fat lady are thirteen times more inclined to create compose 2 diabetes, four times more prone to grow hypertension and three times more prone to show at least a bit of kindness assault than a lady of solid weight. Comparative outcomes were accounted for from Health England (2009) expressing ladies in overweight and hefty BMI classifications will probably be determined to have a long standing sickness than men, a comparable relationship is appeared among discouragement and weight from a similar paper. Pregnancy presents promote issues, ladies from financial hardship will probably hold weight picked up amid pregnancy and after birth, age and number of births were additionally observed to contribute factors (National Obesity Observatory, 2011). The Low-Income Diet and Nutrition Survey (LIDNS) detailed value, esteem, pay for sustenance consumption and quality/freshness of the nourishment as the fundamental impacts influencing sustenance decision. With 44% of ladies reviewed demonstrating they might want to change their weight control plans. A few investigations (DEFRA, LIDNS, Acheson), have indicated low-salary bunches will probably expend uneven weight control plans and have a lower leafy foods admission, they additionally have decreased levels of vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber with higher admissions of white bread, prepared meats and sugar (Dowler, 2007). It very well may be contended that the heftiness design in ladies from low-pay bunches is an outcome of globalization and the subsequent issues it prompts with employer stability prompting weight on low-salary people and families which makes a domain that supports over utilization of high vitality nourishments, in a region where working hours are longer with less time to plan sustenance along these lines settling on modest, comfort quick nourishments which definitely have a higher fat substance, this move in working examples implies individuals will probably expend accommodation sustenances yet be more averse to consume off the additional calories (Qvortrup, 2003). Expanded interest in accommodation sustenances related with changing ways of life in the course of recent years, has offered ascend to a nourishment development (Buckley, Cowan, and McCarthy, 2007). For some availability to sound nourishment on a low-wage is a p>