1. In the introduction, Lehne suggests that a new “social compact” between business and society/government should be forged. What does he mean by that remark? What was the previous compact and, what changes does Lehne suggest will put the United States in a better position to solve problems? Discuss the social compact for another country. Which would you argue is likely to yield a more favorable outcome, the current US example or, that of the other nation? Discuss what you would regard as an appropriate social compact for the America of the 21st century. On what basis did you devise that construct? Explain, considering what you know about the prevailing social and constitutional landscapes.
2. In Chapter 2 of the Lehne text, there is discussion provided of both roles of government (framework, promotional, regulatory and social service) and models of business/government relationship (business dominance, market, stakeholder, pluralism). Select the governmental role-type and model that you feel has been applied to solve a problem in the 21st century. Discuss the problem, the policy that was enacted to solve it and, how it reflected a government role and relationship model. Would you have selected that policy? Why? Why not?
3. Corporations enjoyed considerable popularity when they first began to appear in the 19th century. To what would you attribute their popularity? What developments contributed to their decline in popularity? What is their status today, in your opinion? Explain. Considering the reasons stated for their unpopularity, what would you suggest the government do to effect positive change?
4. What is meant by the term “positive government”? When did positive government emerge in the United States? What brought it about? Would you characterize the government of the United States as positive in the first decade of the 21st century? Explain. Has it been more or less positive in the second decade? Explain. What role has the Constitution and distribution of political power had to do with the conditions of the first and second decades of the 21st century, respectively?
5. Who was John Maynard Keynes? How does his approach to macroeconomic management depart from the previous status quo? How was American society transformed to make the Keynesian approach more salient than its predecessor? How was the Keynesian approach manifest in macroeconomic policymaking? If you were advising the government of the United States would you suggest more or, less, Keynesianism? Explain. Is the US government likely to become more or, less Keynesian in the coming 12 months? Explain.
6. Select any public policy problem that exists in the United States today. Is the optimal problem-solving mechanism for that issue political or economic, in your opinion? Explain. Has the actual means used to address it been more political or economic? Explain. How do you account for any convergence or divergence? Which approach would you argue is more supported constitutionally? Explain.
7. Select a public policy issue affecting Californians today. The issue can be state, county or municipal. Provide detail on the nature of the problem. Discuss how that problem is being addressed. Is there a greater reliance on the public or private sector? Do you agree with that reliance? Explain. Is that approach supported by the US Constitution, in your view? Is that approach supported by American values? If the constitutional and ethical support is equivalent, explain why? If there is a difference, explain.
8. Identify a chief executive of government in this country at any level, federal, state or local. Does that individual’s policy positions lead more in the direction of a public or private sector emphasis’? Support your view citing that person’s position on a public policy issue and a policy alternative that would reflect the opposite view. Which position do you support? Explain, providing a constitutional justification in addition to any moraVethical views.
The convergence of humanistic philosophy into the instructive framework has offered ascend to significant pressure inside the Christian people group in the ongoing years. Questions have been asked of what humanism is and where it originates from. Humanism is a philosophy that focuses on the welfare or advancement and joy of all mankind in this by itself and just life. Humanism can be followed back to the seasons of Democritus and Aristotle of Ancient Greece. (Lamont, 1992). Its attach to the Greek culture brought about agnostic highlights, for example, glorification of humankind (Dodgen, 1986, 195).). It is said that the Greek set in regards to acculturating everything. They adapted God, nature and day by day life, and it is out of these demonstrations that awesome disapproved of men estimated all things and gave a firm and honorable group of norms to the human life which came after them (King). The hypothesis of humanism as said has given ascent and impressive strain inside the Christian people group. This conveys out interest to recognize what the announcement of concern is. Well Humanism is a school of believed that offers supremacy to the investigation of human needs and enthusiasm, for example taking a gander at the hypothesis of Abraham Maslow and his meaning of humanism which says “The focal point of the humanistic viewpoint is on the one self who means, “you” and “your” impression of “your” encounters. This view proposed by Maslow contends that you are allowed to pick “your” very own conduct instead of respond to natural upgrades or fortifies. This announcement is additionally as opposed to the convictions of operant molding created by the American research therapist Burrhus Frederic Skinner. Skinner trusted that all conduct is the aftereffect of utilization of outcomes. The hypothesis of humanism underlined on confidence in real life. Confidence in real life however not positively. Humanism trains that it is indecent to sit tight for God to represent us. It underlines that we should act to stop the wars and the violations and the severity of ties and future ages. Humanism says we have forces of momentous kind. We have a high level of opportunity in picking what we will do. It reveals to us that whatever our logic of the world might be, at last the duty regarding the sort of world in which we live in lies with us. This brings the way that the issue of concern is that humanism is a theory for the individuals who adore themselves, a logic of creative energy and it is engaged upon human’s methods for understanding reality. It doesn’t leave any space for God as the Creator of the universe rather it just depicts God as one who appoints the great or terrible that we do. Consequently Humanism causes pressure since it doesn’t save the authenticity of the profound world and God being the divinity of all things Everything that left aside the comprehension of humanism winds up significant to the acts of Christian training when one starts to take a gander at the standards of humanistic instruction or instructive humanism. Remember that humanism did not birth in a meeting room, instructive change or authoritative act. It has been impacted by individuals of various fields. Maybe it is the promotion by the advanced or naturalistic humanists that appears to have gotten under the skin of religious pioneers towards humanism, particularly fundamentalist Christians. This is regardless of the way that cutting edge humanists advocate a strict division of chapel and state, particularly in the space of government funded training. At the point when humanism is connected to instruction it envelops an assortment of suspicions about the educator, student, educational modules and the setting of learning. There are a considerable measure of standards and every rule features the comprehension of humanistic instruction. A portion of the guideline and destinations that can be viewed as fundamental seem to be: Instructors ought to trust, true and compassionate with their understudies. They should prize their understudies and hold them with high respect. This as proposed via Carl Rogers who infers that such a state of mind with respect to the learning pioneer would set stage for effective encounters and understudies would turn out to be more self tolerating and mindful of themselves. As proposed by Gage and Berliner(1991) there are five targets that an instructor must meet which are: advance positive self-bearing and autonomy, build up the capacity to assume liability for what is found out, create imagination, create interest and in conclusion make an enthusiasm for expressions of the human experience in understudies. This can likewise be known as supporting invitational learning. Full of feeling elements ought to be investigated as much as the subjective measurement of classroom guidance (Beihler, 1986, 399). Research by Bayer (1986) shows that kids who are educated in an environment which is convincing to powerful learning will likewise have a more positive self idea (130-131). The connection between the educator and the understudy has essential effect on the learning procedure. Thomas Gordon (1974) a famous humanist instructor, depicts a sound educator understudy relationship. He says that the connection between an instructor and an understudy is great when it has (1) receptiveness or straightforwardness so each can chance unequivocal quality and genuineness with the other, (2) minding whereby each know they are esteemed by the other, and in conclusion (3) reliance on each other. William Purky (1978) point out the connection between an understudy’s self-idea and educational accomplishment and prescribes that teachers create and utilize ability of invitational learning. Such an expertise as learning understudies names, having one on one contact with them outside of class, commending and attesting them, showing individual and classroom discipline , and being straightforward with individual inclination will enable the youngster to perceive his/her qualities and capacities or in other word impacting self viability. That all instructors should dependably remember that learning is encouraged when the understudy is prized, esteemed and regarded by the educator who can mind without being possessive. This is the thing that Abraham Maslow would call advancement of self realization which would push understudies to buckle down. Instructors should utilize methods for urging understudies to relate to other people, underline with them, and relate their sentiments to the sentiment of others. Educators are to underwrite self assurance or self direction to make understudies responsible for their activity and decisions. Taking a gander at those standards of humanistic training it turns out to be evident that a significant number of them depend on sound standards of instruction. It would not be hard to refer to scriptural references to show models frame sacred text where a considerable lot of the standards can be seen. This shouldn’t imply that that instructive humanism has its foundations in sacred writing, in light of the fact that such an announcement would be founded on broken techniques for hermeneutics. For somebody who might consider humanism there are a couple of key terms that would enable them to see more about humanism and a big motivator for it with regards to instruction. A portion of these are: Self-efficacyis the degree or quality of one’s confidence in one’s very own capacity to finish assignments and reachgoals. This can be viewed as the capacity to endure and a man’s capacity to prevail with an undertaking. For instance, self-viability straightforwardly identifies with to what extent somebody will adhere to an exercise regimen or an eating regimen. High and low self-adequacy decides if somebody will go up against a testing assignment or discount it as outlandish. Self-realization Maslow unequivocally characterizes self-completion to be “the craving for self-satisfaction, specifically the inclination for him [the individual] to wind up realized in what he is possibly. This propensity may be expressed as the craving to end up increasingly what one is, to wind up everything that one is fit for getting to be Self-assurance, the procedure by which a man controls their very own life. Invitational learning, William Purky said “no part of training could really compare to the inclination with respect to the instructor that the individual understudy is essential, significant, and can learn in school” Anyway humanism goes substantially more remote than innovation in its view towards the good book .the perspective of the humanist is significantly more radical. Humanism trusts in couple of things that as Christians we may think about them as disrespect. Some of which are; “We accept anyway those convention obdurate or tyrant religions that place disclosure, God or statement of faith above human need complete a damage to the human species… … As non-theists; we start with people, not God, nature not god”. As Paul Blanshard, a supervisor of the Humanist (a smooth national production) stated: “The evangelists respectfully call the Bible “The Book”, and they say it is God’s oath. How about we be obtuse about it. By no stretch of the creative ability can the holy book be called either the uncovered expression of God or the errorless work of God. It isn’t one book, and it isn’t sacred. It is terrible history and even of faulty ethics… ” Taking a gander at this we see that humanism isn’t uninterested toward the Bible-yet is at hard and fast ward against it. The citations are completely common and agent of humanistic reasoning toward any divine revelation. The main way Christians can battle their horrible and frantic impacts of humanism and its war on the books of scriptures, is by being so learned and familiar with the sacred writings that can viably employ the forceful sword of the Spirit. The quintessence of positive pride is certainty and happiness, a feeling of appreciation and achievement in the gainful utilization of your blessing (Faw, 134-136). There is a need a Biblical viewpoint of the individual and human encounters with the end goal to accurately comprehend the bits of knowledge contained in specific hypotheses. The realities about human instinct in sacred text center to a great extent around our association with God and our requirement for salvation only he can give (Faw, 137). A Christian who reflects upon the expression of the master and keeps in his heart will have no trouble seeing the huge prevalence of Christianity over humanism or>