In addition to learning about the traditional forms of justice and rationales for sentencing, you were introduced to the theory of restorative justice in this module. This type of punishment system removes the state as the primary victim and instead requires that those most directly affected by a crime are involved in responding to it and determining how the behavior will be addressed. In this discussion you will evaluate a sample of restorative justice programs and determine which would be most suitable for implementation.
For this discussion, review Chapter Fifteen in Mallicoat and Gardiner’s Criminal Justice Policy. The author details five restorative justice strategies. Review these five strategies.
For this discussion, imagine that you are a local mayor who needs to determine which strategy of restorative justice to implement for your city. Identify two strategies that you think could be most successful if implemented. In your response, include the following:
Explain the benefits and drawbacks of each strategy you selected. Identify the policy issues that would arise with implementation of each of the strategies. Choose one of the strategies to implement and justify your decision.
This Military academy was headed by Chiang Kai-shek who had risen to prominence in the party and was Sun Yat -Sen’s likely successor. The purpose of the Military support offered by Russia, was to help their two allies the communist party and Guomindang, to defeat the warlords who were mainly located in the North of the country and in the process to unify China into one Republic. But before an attack on the warlords could be launched Sun Yat-sen died of heart attack in 1925.  A few months after the Death of Sun, Chiang Kai-shek who was the commander of the revolutionary army launched the ‘Northern campaign’. However at the same time the Guomindang party was facing tumultuous times, the party had split into two factions, one left wing and the other right wing. The influence of the communist party was also growing within the Guomindang. In response to this and other happenings, Chiang Kai-shek curtailed the participation of communist party members in the leadership of Kuomintang. He also imposed himself as the leader of the revolutionary army. 6 The campaign against the Northern warlords was quite successful; within a few months the revolutionary army had captured most of the northern territory and imposed governments there. Most of the poor peasants in the country side welcomed the revolutionaries as the believed they represented the chance of better days ahead. But as the power of the Guomindang grew the more discontent the communist party became.  By the time the revolutionaries had conquered most of China the alliance that existed between them disintegrated. Several incidents resulted in a worsening situation. As the Guomindang were about to enter Shanghai city, there was a rebellion from communist members within the city, the response of the Guomindang soldiers when they finally entered Shanghai, was to arrest and round up the members of the communist party and then proceed to massacre them. Later in another incident, the Guomindang party revolutionary soldiers carried out another massacre of communist party members in Guangzhou, killing several hundred in the process. In response the communists who were being purged from the Kuomintang, retreated to the rural countryside and launched an uprising which was led by Mao Zedong. This uprising was easily suppressed by Chiang Kai-shek’s forces  . In 1928 the Guomindang formed a government that was given international recognition in Nanjing as the government of the Republic of China. Chiang Kai-shek also formally became the chairman of the party. Using his influence among the elite and the military power that he had Chiang Kai-shek was able to maintain a dictatorial grip on the party and to defeat those within and without the party who opposed him. He tried to form a modern state but most accused him of abandoning the ideals on which his party was formed.  On the other hand the Chinese communist party which had almost been crushed by the Guomindang began to rebuild, they recruited peasants from the countryside to join their ranks with an aim of forming an ‘army for the people’ which was to win the revolution against the Guomindang.  In 1931 Japan seized Manchuria and installed a puppet regime led by P’u Yi, the last ruler of the Qing dynasty. This resulted in strong anti Japan sentiment within China. Chiang Kai-shek who held the dominant military power within china opened a second front to eng>