Focus on one endocrine gland, its normal function in the body, and how it responds during times of stress. You will also research one disorder related to stress
Choose one of the following endocrine glands from the table below to research Discuss the hormones produced by this gland and how those hormones are used in the body. Include an image of your chosen endocrine organ within your essay.
Describe what happens to the body when the hormone (or hormones) produced by this organ become unbalanced during times of stress.
What happens to the gland when the body is under acute stress?
Describe one of the stress-related disorders associated with your chosen endocrine gland (see chart below or choose one of your own. Be sure it is associated with stress).
How does your chosen stress-related disorder affect short- and long-term health?
What can be done to prevent and/or treat your chosen stress-related disorder? Draw conclusions about how to care for and maintain a healthy Endocrine System.
|| Maria Sharapova has been provisionally banned from tennis || after she revealed on Monday || she tested positive at the Australian Open for a recently banned drug [[ that she has been taking for 10 years for health reasons. ]] || || Sharapova claimed || she was prescribed meldonium by her doctor in 2006 || to deal with health issues such as an irregular heartbeat and a history of diabetes in her family. || But the substance was added to the banned list in January of this year || because Wada said || there was “evidence of its use by athletes with the intention of enhancing performance”. || || Sharapova’s announcement is almost unprecedented for a top athlete. || Most sports stars try to hide positive tests for performance-enhancing drugs, || hoping news will not break || until a suspension is revealed. || But few athletes are like Sharapova || who has made herself into the highest-paid female in sport, << earning more than $20m annually, >> through a series of high-end endorsement deals. || The implication [[ that Sharapova has been cheating ]] can be a devastating blow to those deals. || By revealing the test results herself || she is attempting to take control of the story, || hoping that << by being up front >> || people will believe || she is being honest || and really was taking mildronate for health purposes. || || Meldonium was developed years ago in Latvia || to treat patients with heart conditions [[ brought on by a lack of oxygen in their blood. ]] || It has become popular with athletes || who use the oxygen-enhancers || to improve endurance, || especially when working out. || Last year Wada announced || that it was carefully studying the drug, || allowing athletes || to take it with the warning [[ that it could soon be banned.]] || A few months into that study Wada said || meldonium was being moved to 2016’s banned list. || (Carpenter, L. (2016) ‘Maria Sharapova provisionally banned from tennis after revealing failed drugs test’, The Guardian) APPENDIX 2 || Maria Sharapova hits out at media coverage of failed drugs test scandal || || Tennis ace Maria Sharapova has hit out at some media accounts of her doping scandal in a furious open letter. || || The five times grand slam champion admitted || she tested positive for the banned drug meldonium at the Australian Open in January. || || The 28-year-old is facing a suspension of up to four years by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) || and has already lost numerous sponsorships in the aftermath. || || In a post on her Facebook account, the former world number one thanked her fans for their “tremendous outpouring of support” || before launching into a critique of [[ what [[ she believed ]] were some inaccurate reports. ]] ]] || || “A report said || that I had been warned five times about the upcoming ban on the medicine [[ I was taking. ]] || That is not true || and it never happened,” || Sharapova wrote. || || Russian Sharapova said || she was making no excuses || for not knowing about the ban [[ that went into effect on January 1, ]] || but said || that after the first announcement, other notices were “buried in newsletters, websites, or handouts.”|| “Again, no excuses, || but it’s wrong || to say || I was warned five times,” || said Sharapova, || who has said || she took the drug for 10 years due to a family history of heart issues and diabetes. || || The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) added meldonium to their banned substance list || after concluding [[ that it improves blood flow and || boosts exercise capacity. ]] || || “I’m proud of [[ how I have played the game.]] || I have been honest and upfront,” || Sharapova said. || “I look forward to the ITF hearing || at which time they will receive my detailed medical records. || I hope || I will be allowed to play again.” || (Evans, N. (2016) ‘Maria Sharapova hits out at media coverage of failed drugs >