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First, please write a summary from number 146 through number 172 of this document on 2 pages. Each main idea must be on one a paragraph and begin with topic sentence(main point). If there are many ideas in this section, you have to write many paragraphs for those main ideas. I read and knew that there were at least eight main ideas in this section (from #146 to #172).
Second, choose which categories from the category table (attached) they are the main idea of the summary above, then based on their definition and its relevance to the text (# 146-172) and then analyze 5 categories among those categories based text (from 146 through 172). Each category is analyzed on a paragraph. (2 pages)
Third, write one Pastoral Application. Each idea is on one paragraph. (2 page) At least 6 ideas.
Catalonia’s Pursuit of Independence “No podem ser si no podem ser lliures.” This statement from Catalan writer Salvador Espriu generally means “We can’t be in the event that we can’t be free” an explanation that seems to be valid for over portion of Catalonia’s 7.5 million inhabitants. The general population of Catalonia have for some time been in a battle with Spain to pick up autonomy and feel that they ought to be their very own country. As of late the dissenter sees in Catalonia have gone to the cutting edge of national news as the state makes a push to withdraw however there are the individuals who question the probability and plausibility of this move. On the off chance that the general population of Catalonia accomplish what they want, Spain will lose a standout amongst its most notable states just as one that gives a lot of monetary steadiness, yet in the event that they don’t they will keep on battling for autonomy and their battle could turn fierce. The battle for autonomy goes back to the nineteenth century amid the Romantic age when patriotism flooded. Catalan dissenter feel they have different motivations to withdraw from Spain yet the fundamental reasons are that they have their very own way of life, history, and language; have encountered a past filled with mistreatment because of Spanish standard; and that they are in charge of a vast larger part of Spain’s financial achievement. Catalonia is one of Spain’s 17 self-governing areas, every district having its very own official, administrative, and legal branch. It is situated in the northern piece of Spain on the fringe of France and is separated into a couple of various locales: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. As indicated by an evaluation performed in 2012 the populace is generally 7.5 million representing simply over 16% of Spain’s all out populace. The city of Barcelona is the areas capital and is likewise the second biggest city in Spain with a populace of about 1.63 million (Generalitat de Catalunya). Catalonia has its very own history, separate from whatever is left of Spain, rich with culture and custom. They likewise talk a language unique in relation to is spoken in whatever is left of Spain known as Catalan. Catalan isn’t a lingo of Spanish yet rather a language that was created without anyone else with Latin starting points and is perceived as one of the four authority dialects in Spain. 93.8% of residents living in Catalonia can comprehend Catalan (Generalitat de Catalunya) and around 9 million individuals overall talk the language. There are laws set up inside Catalonia so as to protect the language and ensures it lives on. A few instances of such laws are that all organizations must show their material in Catalan or hazard being fined, specialists are required to talk and comprehend Catalan, and there are shares set up to manage Catalan media (Miley). While the facts demonstrate that 98.8% of Catalan’s comprehend spanish, youngsters in state funded schools must be educated in Catalan and can just get a limit of three hours out of every week in spanish preparing (Govan). This is on the grounds that the general population of Catalan have understood that for their language to endure the trial of time it must be vigorously associated with training of the adolescent. Catalan’s vibe that their very own language and culture have the right to be perceived by national fringes and wish to oversee the land as they see fit. Catalan’s rich history and culture has not generally been welcome in Spain and whatever remains of the European Union and the general population of Catalan don’t feel they get the regard they merit. There have been a few particular assaults on Catalan language since forever yet the latest occurred amid the standard of General Francisco Franco somewhere in the range of 1939 and 1975. Franco picked up control over Barcelona following the Spanish Civil War with an objective of joining Spain and evacuating those that endeavored to separate themselves, including those that talk an alternate language. For the duration of the season of his standard Catalan speakers and scholastics were abused and curbed. The independence that the Catalan’s had come to know was taken far from them and Catalan patriotism was stifled. The Catalan language was restricted from being utilized and was totally expelled from the instructive framework. Alongside this all remainders of the language were searched out and changed including media and road names. There was likewise a wave assaults on patriot bringing about a few thousand being executed or ousted. This abuse proceeded until Franco’s demise in 1975 yet the heritage of his standard has not been overlooked. Following the passing of Franco in 1975 another ruler took the position of authority, King Juan Carlos. Carlos was a reasonable ruler to the general population of Spain and pushed to democratize the nation. In 1978 the Spanish constitution was composed and in it Catalan was authoritatively perceived as the official language of Catalonia (Barcelona’s Languages). Right up ’til the present time the general population of Catalonia value this triumph as it speaks to the strength of the Catalan individuals and their capacity to confront persecution. The general population of Catalan, while glad to be perceived by Spain, feel they merit more and wish to be an official language of the European Union. Catalan is a language comparative in pervasiveness to Castilian Spanish, Swedish, and Czech (Mari 1). As communicated in the former passage, the Spanish government has fail to serve or even shield the general population of Catalonia previously and many Catalan’s vibe they should do as such exclusively. There are numerous associations all through Catalonia whose mission it is to spread the language and culture on a worldwide scale. One of these is the Consortium for Language Normalization, a program which means to help outsiders that have as of late moved to Catalonia gain proficiency with the Language(Mari 2). The general population of Catalonia have for quite some time been in a battle to make their voices heard on a national and global dimension and trust they have not been genuinely spoken to by Spanish principle. The third and last reason Catalan’s desire to isolate from Spain is that they are one of the wealthiest locales in Spain and trust they are not genuinely made up for the measure of cash they create for the nation. Catalonia is known to be one of the wealthiest and propelled areas of Spain representing almost 30% of Spanish fares and despite the fact that its GDP per capita is somewhat beneath normal contrasted and different countries in the European Union, it is still around 20% higher than whatever is left of Spain (Alexopoulos). It is likewise evaluated that Catalonia compensates for around 20% of Spain’s complete GDP (Goodman), a commitment that would be painfully missed by the Spanish Government. Catalonia’s most prevalent fare areas are too encompassing nations in the EU including Portugal, Germany, France, and Italy. There is likewise a lot of items that are imported to whatever is left of the nation which would make Spain one of Catalonia’s fundamental merchants in the event that they prevail in freedom. As of late, Catalonia has developed its fare rate by more than Germany, France, and the Netherlands, and in the innovation area saw an expansion in fares of about 9% (Wharton University of Pennsylvania). Catalonia additionally declares that it settles more in regulatory expenses to the focal legislature of Spain than it gets back in spending on framework and its natives. Those pushing for freedom state that Catalonia would be in an ideal situation over the long haul in the event that it kept the cash that is as of now being sent to the Central Government and rather spent it themselves and furnish its kin with the vital social and security administrations. Moreover, an investigation performed by the University of Edinburgh guarantees that autonomy could move the challenge for firms inside Catalonia. If Catalonia somehow managed to end up autonomous, firms would be shielded from direct challenge with Spain and those that would ordinarily be pushed out of the market might most likely endure and flourish (Comerford). Albeit a few specialists trust an autonomous Catalonia is financially conceivable, there are numerous outcomes that will be hard to defeat for the general population. Right now, the focal administration of Spain situated in Madrid is against any kind of freedom and cases that Catalonia as of now has more self-governance than most places in Europe. The locale is the just a single in Spain that works its own police drive and furthermore has a sensible measure of authority over different factors, for example, culture, transportation, instruction, and wellbeing (Goodman). Lately anyway the general population of Catalonia have become fretful and are pushing increasingly hard to pick up freedom. In 2006 the focal legislature of Spain and the Catalan specialists consented to exchange more capacity to the locale, a move which was settled upon by the Spanish National Parliament. In 2008, be that as it may, Spain entered a financial emergency amid which many Catalan’s trust their riches would be better off in the event that it was just supporting the general population of Catalonia and not whatever is left of Spain. In 2010 the established court of Spain moved to strike dow key parts from the 2006 assention working up the freedom development and causing more than 1 million individuals to rampage of Barcelona in dissent. This started ace freedom gatherings to win the local decisions. On November ninth, 2014 Catalonia held a choice for autonomy, they later piece the arrangement saying the vote was only an open door for Catalan’s voice their conclusions with respect to freedom. Albeit not exactly 50% of every single enlisted voter wound up throwing tickets, in excess of 80 percent were agreeable to severance which the national government expelled as purposeful publicity. In the fall of 2015 Catalonia’s ace autonomy party won most of the local seats and draft a master freedom goals. Later this equivalent year, Spain’s established court manages the goals to be illegal. In 2017 the battle for autonomy warms up as the national government bans the previous Catalan president Artur Mas from holding any kind of open office, this coming two years after the 2014 vote. In June of 2017 Catala>