A pure float exchange rate regime
If a country chooses to have a pure float exchange rate regime, which goal(s) is a country most able to achieve under the concept of the ʺImpossible Trinityʺ?
A) Monetary independence and full financial integration.
B) Monetary independence and inflation target.
C) Exchange-rate stability and an independent monetary policy.
D) A country cannot attain any of the exchange rate goals with a pure float exchange rate regime.
Suppose that the pound is pegged to gold at £20 per ounce and the dollar is pegged to gold at $35 per ounce. This implies an exchange rate of $1.75 per pound. If the current market exchange rate is $1.60 per pound, how would you take advantage of this situation? Hint: assume that you have $350 available for investment.
A) Start with $350. Buy 10 ounces of gold with dollars at $35 per ounce. Convert the gold to £200 at £20 per ounce. Exchange the £200 for dollars at the current rate of $1.80 per pound to get $360.
B) Start with $350. Exchange the dollars for pounds at the current rate of $1.60 per pound. Buy gold with pounds at £20 per ounce. Convert the gold to dollars at $35 per ounce.
C) A and B both work
D) None of the above.
Which of the follow options strategies (all options share the same strike price) are consistent in their belief about the future contract of the underlying asset price?
A) Selling calls and selling puts
B) Buying calls and buying puts
C) Buying calls and selling puts
D) None of the above
Depreciation of the euro relative to the U.S. dollar will cause a U.S.-based multinational firm’s reported earnings (from the consolidated income statement) to . If a firm desired to protect against this possi¬bility, it could stabilize its reported earnings by euros forward in the foreign exchange market.
A) be reduced; purchasing
B) be reduced; selling
C) increase; selling
D) increase; purchasing
E) None of the above
Part B (90 marks): Five (5) Short Answer questions. Marks are clearly stated in each question.
Answer all Five (5) questions in the answer booklet provided.
Question 1 (20 marks)
Assume the spot rate of the ₤ is $1.7000. The British interest rate is 10%, and the U.S. interest rate is 11% over the 360 day (1 year) period. The British inflation rate is 4% and the U.S. inflation rate is 3.5% over the 360-day (1 year) period. The 180-day forward price is $1.7200/₤. The 180-day European call option on the $ with the exercise price of ₤0.5800 is selling at 3% premium, while the 180-day European put option on the $ with the exercise price of ₤0.5900 is selling at 2% premium. Your U.S. based firm has an account payable of ₤200,000 due in 180 days.
A) What should be the 180-day forward rate based on Interest Rate Parity (IRP)?
What is the dollar cost of using a forward hedge? Make sure you state your position in the forward contract. (4 marks)
B) Assume the firm has no excess cash. Use the above to calculate the dollar cost of using a money market hedge to hedge ₤200,000 of payable due in 180 days?
C) Calculate the cost of an option hedge at the time the payment is due assuming you exercise the option when the payment is due. (6 marks)
D) Based on the answers in (a), (b), and (c), which hedging methods should your firm choose? (4 marks)
Question 2 (15 marks)
Alphabetical Company (ALP) prefers variable- to fixed-rate debt. On the other hand, Microsotical Company (MIC) prefers fixed- to variable-rate debt. Assume the following information for both Companies:
Fixed-Rate Bond Variable-Rate Bond
ALP 12% LIBOR + 2%
MIC 13.5% LIBOR + 2.5%
As a rising star analyst in the ALP, you approach the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and propose an interest swap deal that your firm can enter into with MIC. However, your CFO argues that an interest rate swap will probably not be advantageous to the company because it can issue both fixed and variable debt at more attractive rates than MIC.
A) Explain to your CFO why he is wrong. Make sure that your explanation includes the discussion about the absolute and comparative advantages and the potential savings from the interest rate swap deal? (5 marks)
B) Now show your CFO the interest rate swap deal by completing the diagram below (Write your answers in the answer booklet provided) with the following assumptions: (10 marks)
ALP will have 50% of the potential savings, and MIC will receive the rest. There is no swap bank.
LIBOR (floating rate) must be used in the transaction between ALP and MIC companies i.e. either transaction (iii) or (iv).
Question 3 (15 marks)
Suppose you are a China-based investor who just sold Australian Commonwealth Bank (CBA) shares that you had bought six months ago. You had invested Yuan446,000 to buy CBA shares for $60 per share. The exchange rate was Yuan4.50/$. You sold the stock for $65 per share and converted the dollar proceeds into Yuan at the exchange rate of 5.50Yuan/$.
A) Determine the percentage return from this investment in Australian dollars. Show all workings. (4 marks)
B) Compute the rate of return on your investment in Yuan terms. Show all workings.
C) What are channels that contribute to your investment risk? (Hint: Think about the variance of your investment) (5 marks)