Responsibility and Participation

Consider this scenario: A woman walks home from a bus stop each night. Normally, she secures her purse in her backpack, but this night she forgets to do so. The purse hanging from her arm is snatched by a thief who has been active in the neighborhood. To say the robbery was the victim’s fault would be considered victim blaming—after all, it is not unreasonable to expect to safely carry a purse in public, and it is the thief who chose to commit the crime. Still, how can one consider the role of the victim without wrongly assigning blame to that victim?

Another victim role is participation in the judicial process to influence an outcome, perhaps through a victim impact statement. Or the victim may be called upon to participate in ways that align with the prosecution or defense.

This week you address two important issues, victim responsibility and victim participation. You explore how victims can change their behaviors to avoid becoming victimized. Also, you examine the effect that victim participation can carry within the criminal justice system.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

Analyze opportunity for crime and criminals

Distinguish between criminal opportunity, victim responsibility, and victim blaming

Apply strategies for avoiding victimization

Analyze the effect of victim participation in the judicial process

Analyze the effect of victim impact statements on sentencing

Sample Solution

Criminal Justice Response to Victims and Crime

When victimized by crime, the ability to remedy the associated loss—whether economic, physical, or emotional—has taken many forms. In earlier centuries, simple revenge or restitution through direct repayment within a community or family may have been the norm. Now, societal progress has led to forms of restitution defined by laws and governments.

When an offender is unable to repay an economic loss to a victim, which is often the case, other entities may fill that gap, such as insurance companies, charities, or even government programs. Likewise, governments may assist victims with the associated costs of engaging with the judicial process to see a case through to completion. This week, you focus on various programs that help compensate victims. In addition, you propose the development of a program designed to assist victims in a community.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

Differentiate between U.S. and foreign crime victim compensation programs

Apply components from foreign crime victim compensation programs to U.S. crime victim compensation programs

Develop a victim-focused criminal justice program in a community or professional environment

Sample Solution

HR related issues for a global operation.

Scenario: You are an HR manager of a company that since its inception has only operated locally. In a recent meeting your boss informed you that the company is planning to go global in the next 1 to 2 years. She would like an introduction from you on HR related issues for a global operation.

Create a 8- to 10-slide presentation, with speaker notes, including the following:

List and briefly describe methods for staffing global organizations. Include pros and cons for each method.
Identify five competencies important to selection of candidates for global assignments that are essential to success.
Describe pre-departure onboarding opportunities you would recommend to enhance the global experience. Onboarding examples may include the expatriate as well as family members.
Describe ongoing training and development opportunities that are essential while on global assignments.
Describe repatriation policies that will attract and retain global talent.
Identify U.S. employment laws and ethical responsibilities to consider in staffing for global assignments.

Sample Solution

The characteristics and needs of direct and indirect victims of crime.

Prior to the 1970s, most criminologists devoted their time to the study of criminals and the causes of crime. Crime victims were virtually invisible within the criminal justice system and to the general public; there was little or no focus on the victims of crime. In the 1970s, U.S. funded studies of crime in several major cities revealed that victimization was underestimated and that large numbers of crime victims were being underserved by the criminal justice system. A new branch of criminology emerged that focused on the victims of crimes. This branch is known as victimology.

This week, you begin your exploration of victimology by examining the characteristics and needs of direct and indirect victims of crime.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

Identify direct and indirect victims of crime

Analyze the effect of crime on direct and indirect victims

Analyze the difference between the needs of direct and indirect victims of crime

Sample Solution

A guest post on a popular videogame blog.

Part 1: For this assignment, imagine you’ve been asked to write a guest post on a popular videogame blog. The topic is the influence of network gaming. You get to choose the impact you’d like to discuss: social, financial, marketing, gaming style, etc. The post should be three to five paragraphs long.

Part 2: After you’ve written the post, you get the chance to look at the topic from another point of view by writing two responses that offer different or opposing ideas.

Sample Solution

A government entity

For this assignment, select a government entity of your choice, such as a town or community, and develop two deliverables – a paper and a video overview that explain how the organization conducts its budget process.

Be sure to include the following in your paper:

· Statements of mission, values, policy goals, and objectives

· Process steps and milestones

· Revenue sources, including usage charges and fees

· Budget lines and fund accounting principles

· Clients and groups (also referred to as “stakeholders”) and interest groups

· Organizational charts, or if none are available, the titles and role descriptions of the individuals in charge of the budget process

Data may be collected through government documents, newspaper articles or videos, peer-reviewed research papers, legislative hearings of executive statements, and other official records.

Conclude your paper with a personal assessment of the effectiveness of the governmental body’s approach to budget management about public satisfaction, professional accounting, and budgetary standards.

You will also prepare a video (using Kaltura or another video recording software) in which you introduce your selected government entity and describe your interest in this subject.

Please address the following questions in your video:

· How will this course support your career aspirations?

· What relevant background do you have in budgeting and finance?

· Why are you interested in studying this government entity?

Sample Solution

A violation of the law

Ms. W, a fourth-grade music teacher, emails parents using the school’s email, notifying them that she is available on weekends and after school to teach violin to students at a reasonable hourly rate. Several of her violin students have been struggling with their lessons. Ms. W feels that the extra time out of school will benefit the students.

What possible issues/concerns might this scenario raise?
How could this situation become a violation of the law, the “Code” or other school /district policies?
In this situation, what are some potentially negative consequences for the teacher, for the students and the school community?
What responses/actions will result in a more positive outcome and/or what proactive measures might be considered?

Sample Solution

The struggle for human rights

The struggle for human rights is multifaceted and not just limited to the area of law. Rather, law, as an outcome and reflection of the relations of power, is but one of many arenas in which the struggle for human rights and human dignity play out. But in the end, law is most important because it codifies and legitimize standing relations of power. And to the extent that people view the law as just (and there is a difference between law and justice), they obey it and view the power that it represents as legitimate. As you research your topic, I want you to look into the multiple arenas of struggle that people fought in as they struggled to assert the human right(s) that are the focus of your paper.
Choose a specific topic (a specific set of violations from a specific place or part of the world) from the topics listed in our class syllabus. Using Google, search for online sources that can give you quick information about your topic.
In a one page proposal: Answer the following questions about your topic.
1) What is your topic? Stick to a topic that pertains to the U.S. and U.S. law. What is it about this topic that you find compelling? Why should I, and others, find it important?
2) Which articles of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights are being violated (be sure elaborate and spell this out)? Are the violations that you will be talking about legal under the existing laws of the countries where the violations are taking place?
3) Who are the violators? Who are the victims? Who are the actors (governmental, non- governmental, international organizations, media, advocacy groups, labor unions etc.) who are involved in the violation, who are trying to change the behavior of the violator or who are trying to draw attention to the violation itself?
4) Where are things at present? Has the bad behavior been “corrected”? Have conditions for the victims improved?
5) Cite the online sources that you looked at.

Sample Solution