Jurisdiction and justiciability

Chapter 3 focuses on jurisdiction and justiciability. After reading the above article, please answer the following questions relating to jurisdiction and
Why should the government not be able to tell schools they must recite the pledge of allegiance? Do they have proper jurisdiction? Is it unconstitutional? Why
or why not?
Responses to essay questions should be 1-2 pages, using the APA format. If you want a higher grade, deeper research and longer essays with quality
analysis and conclusions are needed. Your essay should include concepts from this week’s chapter and information from the above video or article.
Points will be deducted for failure to follow APA formatting guidelines or repeated use of improper formatting, misspelled words, and poor grammar.
Remember that in each Module, you are to supply a minimum of two outside reference sources besides the textbook, and provided material. Academic
journals from the LIRN portal are preferred.…

Sample Solution

Criminal Justice Organizations

Select from criminal justice organizations and agencies, such as:

One in the city, town, or state where you live.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
National Security Agency (NSA).
Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Department of Defense (DOD).
United States Cyber Command (CYBERCOMM).
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Cyber Threat Intelligence Integration Center (CTIIC).
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Scotland Yard.
Computer Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).
U.S. Secret Service.
White House DNI.
U.S. State Department.
In a 1–2 page paper, respond to the following items:

Describe the agency by discussing:
The types of crimes the agency handles.
The agency’s response to cybercrimes.

Sample Solution

Serving in the military

Serving in the military for over 20 years I have seen a few different power theories attempted by different commanders. Since the military has a built in promotion system which delineates officer and enlisted, with a dash of warrant officers (highly specialized technical experts), it would seem that the work is done for any command. However, looking at the organizational power theory from Max Weber, he argued that managers positional authority gave them legitimacy. But, legitimate power can be seen and used even if the individual does not have the authority of position (Peek, 2020).

In the Army we are evaluated yearly, or when we have a change in leadership. Part of that evaluation is based on how well we communicate and lead our Soldiers. The other piece is extending influence outside of the chain of command. This is how positive change happens in the military. Unlike the theory of Karl Marx who believed that certain parts of society should hold the power, while the others were subordinates to them, the military has the separation of officer and enlisted by virtue of focus (Grauer, 2017). This military power theory gives focus to the officers on more management of function, while the enlisted non-commissioned officer focuses more on the troops and operations. Currently, the theory being used is the Mintzberg model, where managers essentially have three role clusters. These roles are informational, interpersonal and decisional. Each cluster has specific pieces that the manager is expected to provide such as in the interpersonal role, they must be a figurehead, a leader and a liaison (Tawk, 2021). I believe this theory is being used based on the need of the military to show the complexity required of effective leaders. In past examples of military leadership training focus was based on acts of heroism or extreme charisma. While these do serve a place and a purpose, the average military leader needs to have a model to serve as a blueprint to lead their units effectively, while meeting mission requirements, maintaining readiness and keeping morale.

An excellent example of the Mintzberg theory I recently saw was a new officer came to my section. Since I have longevity with the Soldiers, he came to me to get the ‘lay of the land’ on his company he would be leading. As I gave him the information, we received a fairly urgent mission request, which shifted our focus. He expertly applied this model to how he approached the troops, secured resources, liaised with adjacent units and kept everyone informed. Once things had settled down we conducted an after action review. That was when he told me about the Mintzberg model and showed me the steps he took in applying not only to how he approaches the unit, but to situations when they arise. By investing time into each of the three main clusters, he was able to handle the issue, while gaining the trust of the Soldiers as being a competent leader.

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Evidence-based practices in Community Correction

In this assignment, you will explain what is meant by evidence-based practices in Community Corrections, and why these practices are important to use when evaluating the effectiveness in achieving correctional goals Instructions: For this assignment you will answer the following:

• In your own words, explain what is meant by evidence-based practices in community corrections.

• Why are these practices important to use when evaluating the effectiveness in achieving correctional goals?

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Criminal Justice Reading report

S​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍​ubmit a one page reading engagement document (200 words). Requirements: The student should identify 2 things in the reading(s) for the week that were interesting, confronting, or surprising—in other words, two things the student learned from or found engaging in the reading(s). These can be in numbered bullet points and only need to be a few sentences each (around 100 words each). Importantly, the student should not simply summarise the points but should explain what makes them interesting, confronting, surprising… A reference list is not required unless you are referring to a source other than the weekly readi​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍​ng/s. Criteria & Marking: 1. Does the student identify 2 things she/he learned from or found interesting in the weekly reading(s)? (2 points) 2. Does the student explain what makes these 2 things interesting, confronting, or surprising? In other words, demonstrate thoughtful and critical engagement with the reading(s). (3 points) 3. On balance, the summary points should reflect that the student read, understood and critically engaged with the material

Sample Solution

Criminal justice system

When people talk about the value of criminological theory in the criminal justice system, theory guides the development of policy and programs allowing for the prevention of crime, improvement in public safety, and programs and policy to reduce recidivism. Criminological theory, even those earliest of theories, have come to influence society. However, as your readings highlight, one of the pressing challenges is that for many people, theory is abstract—it is all academic. Therefore, it is important that you learn what theory looks like in practice.

Using your reading assignments, intellipath® lessons, and other resources, create an 11-slide presentation that visually describes theory. For example:

What does social disorganization look like?
What does broken windows look like?
What does routine activities theory look like?
Your task is to explain your selected criminological theory through a visual presentation.

The specific steps to build your presentation are as follows:

Create an introductory slide that explains what criminology is in general and what criminological theory represents.
Select 3 of following the theories covered in your readings to cover in the body of your presentation:
Social ecology
Critical criminology
Social disorganization
Strain theory
Rational choice
Routine activities
Broken windows
For each selected theory, create:
1 slide that gives a summary of the theory
1 slide with an image representing the theory
1 slide with an explanation of why the image represents some aspect of the theory.
Create a conclusion slide highlighting the value of criminological theory in reducing crime.

Sample Solution

The rise and value of veteran treatment courts.

Question 2
Read the following article before responding to the exam question, Serving our country to serving time: The rise and value of veteran treatment courts.

Compose an essay in a minimum of 500 words, excluding the references, which is supported by a minimum of three (3) current, scholarly sources in which the in-text citations and references are formatted to APA – 7th edition. Direct quotes cannot be used. Instead, paraphrase and cite.
There is obviously tremendous value in the establishment of veteran treatment courts, especially among those diagnosed with PTSD and/or a traumatic brain injury. Is there a need to create “First Responder Courts” given that many first responders, including those in law enforcement and corrections, suffering from depression, anxiety, and PTSD leading to many dying by suicide. Develop a persuasive argument both for and against the establishment of first responder courts.

Sample Solution

An Ideal Judicial System

Imagine that you are a consultant for a nation that is drafting a new constitution and developing a new judicial system. This new nation would like to model their system on the United States in many ways (or the system in the country in which you reside), but they would also like to improve on that system where possible.

Define due process in the newly created judicial system and how it will be articulated in a clear way to citizens.
Identify important roles in the newly created judicial system.
How do the roles in the newly created judicial system affect the balance of power? How does the balance of power affect each role?
How do you propose balancing the protection of rights with the protection of society?
How can the new judicial system be developed with cultural awareness as a key feature?
Be sure to reference your course readings to support your claims and reasoning.

As a separate analysis that is not a part of the report, respond to the following:

How does an exercise like this contribute to positive social change in your own judicial system?

Sample Solution

The various roles that crime victims serve in assisting criminal analysts

question 1—

Explain the various roles that crime victims serve in assisting criminal analysts with the apprehension of criminals.

question 2

Explain how the different types of “crime mapping” strategies can be used to identify vulnerable neighborhoods prone to crime in order to develop and implement crime prevention strategies.

Smple Solution