A meeting on how to reduce the number of inmates in local jails

Imagine that the deputy mayor of your city contacts you to arrange a meeting to discuss how to reduce the number of inmates in local jails and prisons due to overcrowding. How would you respond? What plan would you put into place?
In what circumstances would diversion be an appropriate alternative to arrest and incarceration? Be specific and support your response by referring to labeling theories.
Which types of diversion programs would you recommend implementing in response to the crime problems in your city (or a city close to you)?
Probation:

In which circumstances would probation be an appropriate alternative to incarceration?
Which specific probation conditions do you think would be most effective for preventing recidivism and why?
Which aspects of probation do you think probationers would find most challenging?
Parole and Reintegration:

Is early release from prison a good strategy to reduce overcrowding? Why or why not?
What are the primary challenges parolees might encounter during parole and reintegration? What factors might contribute to and detract from their success?
Which community resources or programs would you recommend to ensure parolees’ success and reduce the likelihood of recidivism?
Role of Supervision:

What are the roles of probation and parole officers in the supervision of probationers and parolees?
How can you avoid or address the most significant challenges probation and parole officers encounter in their day-to-day activities?
If you were given approval to hire additional probation and parole officers, what are some of the knowledge, skills, abilities, and dispositions you would look for in candidates? What kind of training would you recommend?
Follow up questions:

Is shaming a useful tool in reintegration programs? Why or why not?
How can labeling affect the criminal path of first-time offenders?
What diversion strategies could be used as alternatives for first-time offenders?

Sample Solution

The purpose and function of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

The United States has refused to join the International Criminal Court (ICC) since its inception. The issue of the United States’ reluctance to join the ICC continues to be a matter of international debate. This week’s assignment requires you to take a position on whether or not the United States should formally join, and accept the jurisdiction of, the International Criminal Court. Avoid notions of jingoism, and examine the international community and the responsibilities of the United States as an international actor in both civilian and military affairs. Make sure to explain the consequences of not joining or a decision to join the ICC.

In your paper,

Assess the purpose and function of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
Explain why the United States has not joined the ICC.
Examine the pros and cons for the United States to be a member of the ICC.
Construct an argument proposing the United States should join or continue to not be a part of the ICC.
Provide sound reasoning for your opinions.
Examine not just the United States’ reasons for not joining the ICC, but also various international perspectives about the leading military power in the world’s decision not to join this criminal law court.
Explain the ramifications of the opinion that you advance to the United States and the international community.

Sample Solution

Transnational organized crime in Europe.

In this module, you will be studying transnational organized crime in Europe. From the overarching theme of transnational organized crime in Europe, we will look at specific countries such as Italy, Albania, Russia, and the former Soviet Union.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to:

Describe how the Mafia was developed
Explain the differences between the Sicilian Mafia and the Cosa Nostra
Analyze the characteristics of Albanian culture in the development of criminal organizations
Explain the international instruments of cooperation responding to transnational organized crimes

Sample Solution

Reducing terrorism

In Poverty, Minority Economic Discrimination and Domestic Terrorism, Piazza describes how, post-9/11, a major thrust of President Bush’s foreign policy was using US foreign aid to promote economic development in poor countries, as well as democratic change in illiberal countries, with the aim of reducing violent radicalism. This framework also drove Obama administration counterterrorism initiatives. How do Piazza’s findings impact this approach to reducing terrorism? What about the other authors whose work we reviewed this week?

Sample Solution

Root causes of the recent increase in transnational organized crime in Asia

Analyze the root causes of the recent increase in transnational organized crime in Asia
Analyze the root or contributing causes of transnational organized crime in the Middle East
Explain the major sources of organized crime in Asia and the Middle East
Examine the prevalence and scope of human trafficking

Sample Solution

Criminological theory

Criminological theory has undergone many changes over the years. From the relatively simplistic theories pertaining to physical appearance to the modern day psychopathy and biosocial conceptualizations, criminological theory has matured considerably over time. After completing reading Chapters 2, 8, and 9 of the Bartol & Bartol (2019) text, you will summarize a well–known criminal case including a description of the offense(s), the investigation of the crime, and the outcome. It is important in any investigation or analysis of criminal behavior to evaluate both endogenous and exogenous theories of criminal behavior and analyze how our biases and assumptions influence our assessment of individuals and the role of psychological profiling in law enforcement. It is also important to determine culturally–based behavior patterns that may be specific to certain segments of the population. Preliminary sources of this type of information may come from reliable media sources in their coverage of scholarly works as well as government publications of research findings. These may direct you to more focused resources for scholarly references.

In your paper

Identify and analyze the behavior of the offender(s) relative to the psychological history and evaluation of the offender(s).
Describe the psychological, behavioral, environmental, and cognitive factors that you believe led to the offender’s criminality. The goal is to provide an analysis of the psychological history of the offender as it pertains to the offense(s).
Summarize the psychological history of the offender as it pertains to the offense(s). Be sure to include as much information as possible regarding the offender’s childhood, adolescence as well as adulthood (if applicable).
Provide examples of behavior that reflect psychological influences.
Discuss the nature of any mental health referrals or treatment that occurred and the outcome.
Identify psychological issues that were present, as demonstrated through statements and/or behavior of the offender, but not identified or treated.

Sample Solution

A DVR (digital video recorder)

Many crime scenes will have a DVR (digital video recorder) present with surveillance video that depicts the crime that occurred. Knowing how to download these files is important. There are many different DVRs on the market and many different file types that video can be downloaded in. Pick a DVR brand and determine what file types that DVR records in.

Sample Solution

A DVR (digital video recorder)

Many crime scenes will have a DVR (digital video recorder) present with surveillance video that depicts the crime that occurred. Knowing how to download these files is important. There are many different DVRs on the market and many different file types that video can be downloaded in. Pick a DVR brand and determine what file types that DVR records in.

Sample Solution

Sex offenders and sexual predators.

Explain the differences between sex offenders and sexual predators.
Then, explain which one is more dangers (societally) in your opinion. Be specific and clear on this.
Give an example of a convicted sex offender or predator (depending on who which type you think is more dangerous) and briefly explain their crime.
Finally, explain to us whether you think it is possible to rehabilitate a a person from the category you did not find to be the most dangerous.

Sample Solution

The “costs” of cyber security both intrusions and prevention.

Discuss the “costs” of cyber security both intrusions and prevention. Include but go beyond typical monetary costs. Discuss the threat landscape to include but not limited to social engineering and next generation threats. Discuss transformational changes to cybersecurity including but not limited to virtualization, social media, the internet of things, and “big data.”
Textbook:

Johnson, T. A. (2015). Cybersecurity: Protecting critical infrastructures from cyber attack and cyber warfare.Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN: 9781482239225.

Pichtel, J. (2016). Terrorism and WMDs (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN: 9781498738989.

Sample Solution