This essay is divided into two Parts: Assignment 1.1 is past due, I have an extension which is due August 1. – Assignment 1.1: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part I – Prewriting When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking by playing the “Believing Game.” The Believing Game is about making the effort to “believe” – or at least consider – the reasons for an opposing view on an issue. The assignment is divided into two (2) parts. In Part I of the assignment Saturday, , you will first read a book excerpt about critical thinking processes: “The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful” by Peter Elbow. Next, you will review the Procon.org Website in order to gather information. Then, you will engage in prewriting to examine your thoughts. Note: In Part II of the assignment (due Week 5), you will write an essay geared towards synthesizing your ideas. Part I – Prewriting: Follow the instructions below for this prewriting activity. Use complete sentences and adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.
Select one (1) of the approved topics from the www.procon.org Website and state your position on the issue.
From the Procon.org Website, identify three (3) premises (reasons) listed under either the Pro or Con section – whichever section opposes your position.
For each of the three (3) premises (reasons) that oppose your position on the issue, answer these “believing” questions suggested by Elbow: a. What’s interesting or helpful about this view? b. What would I notice if I believed this view? c. In what sense or under what conditions might this idea be true?” The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing: • Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph. • Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences. • Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: • This course requires use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). • This prewriting assignment has no page requirement. There is no requirement at this time to include references in the assignment. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: • Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language. Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking. • Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II Synthesizing and Writing When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking. The assignment is divided into two (2) parts. For Part I of the assignment (due Week 3), you read a critical thinking process: “The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful” by Peter Elbow. , reviewed the Procon.org Website in order to gather information, and engaged in prewriting to examine your thoughts.
Remember that in the Week 2 Discussion, you examined the biases discussed in Chapter 2 of the webtext. In Part II of the assignment (due Week 5), you will write a paper to synthesize your ideas. Part II – Writing Write at three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:
State your position on the topic you selected for Assignment 1.1.
Identify (3) three premises (reasons) from the Procon.org website that support your position and explain why you selected these specific reasons.
Explain your answers to the “believing” questions about the three (3) premises opposing your position from the Procon.org website.
Examine at least two (2) types of biases that you likely experienced as you evaluated the premises for and against your position.
Discuss the effects of your own enculturation or group identification that may have influenced your biases.
Discuss whether or not your thinking about the topic has changed after playing the “Believing Game,” even if your position on the issue has stayed the same. The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing: • Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph. • Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences. • Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling. • Based on the guidelines in SWS, “A well-researched assignment has at least as many sources as pages.”
What is right to counsel? Explain when the right to counsel attaches, and when it does not apply. How has the development of right to counsel impacted the criminal justice system? What changes to right to counsel would you suggest? Why? Explain.
In the Courts resource section, you identified the reason for having bail, the pros and cons of the current bail system, and its impact on diverse populations.
Representative Ayanna Pressley from Massachusetts stated “One of my priorities is criminal justice reform, and there is certainly bipartisan support for that” (Oakes & Fleming, 2018).
Take a position: What would a just (fair) pretrial bail system include (or exclude). Include three to five ideas, and a rationale to support your post.
In your responses to peers, extend the ideas in their original posts to include nonmonetary release options by proposing alternatives, suggesting changes, or supporting the ideas presented.
Reference Oakes, B., & Fleming, W. (2018). Pressley says voters have a choice: Status quo or changing Washington. Retrieved from https://www.wbur.org/news/2018/08/29/status-quo-or-change-ayanna-pressley
“I warn you up front that given the nature and highly toxic way this topic has been portraited I will not except emotionally charged unsupported research. As a researcher in a graduate level course I expect unbiased research from my students not emotional rants.
Developing your Research Methodology
Your methodology should contain the following parts or answer the following questions:
What type of study are you proposing?
What variables will you be measuring?
What is your hypothesis?
What types of data will you be using?
What are the components of your study (research questions, Units of analysis)
See the reading “Black Feminist Thought,” which can be accessed through the course website.
Collins (no relation to Randall Collins) is regarded as an advocate of critical theory, with a perspective that emphasizes both social structural relationships and the importance of social agency, the capacity of individuals to challenge the oppressions and inequalities that structure imposes on them. In the reading, you should be able to recognize the influence of the conflict tradition, especially Weber’s approach to stratification, and the microsociological branch of the Durkheimian tradition, with its emphasis on nonrational collective representations of group interests and identities formed through social interactions.
Collins is well known for her use of the concepts of standpoint and intersectionality. Standpoint refers to the necessity of accounting for the position and identity of the observer of social reality in evaluating their knowledge claims about that reality; pure objectivity is not possible. Intersectionality refers to the situation of individuals in multiple and cross-cutting social hierarchies and inequalities, resulting in complex identities and experiences of domination and subordination.
In this reading Collins is applying these ideas to the experience and activism of African American women in the United States. Note that Collins writes “…while common experiences may predispose Black women to develop a distinctive group consciousness, they guarantee neither that such a consciousness will develop among all women nor that it will be articulated as such by the group.” (p. 171).
For this exercise, try to expand her analysis by focusing on some other intersectionality of social hierarchies (such as race, gender, social class, religion, sexual orientation, or citizenship status) and their impact on identity and activism. You can apply it to your own situation or to that of some other group you are familiar with.
Which social hierarchies are involved in shaping the consciousness of the individual or group you are considering? How do the positions of the individual or group in those hierarchies confer overlapping or conflicting dominant or subordinate status in US society? What evidence or examples, if any, do you see of specific awareness, identities, and activism on the part of the individual or group based on their intersectionality?