A violation of the law

Ms. W, a fourth-grade music teacher, emails parents using the school’s email, notifying them that she is available on weekends and after school to teach violin to students at a reasonable hourly rate. Several of her violin students have been struggling with their lessons. Ms. W feels that the extra time out of school will benefit the students.

What possible issues/concerns might this scenario raise?
How could this situation become a violation of the law, the “Code” or other school /district policies?
In this situation, what are some potentially negative consequences for the teacher, for the students and the school community?
What responses/actions will result in a more positive outcome and/or what proactive measures might be considered?

Sample Solution

How courts impact society and the rule of law in the evolution of social change

Religion and politics have traditionally been highly debated topics in our society. Recently, the Pledge of Allegiance has added to this debate. American citizens have generally recited the Pledge of Allegiance at important ceremonies ranging from presidential inaugurations to the beginning of the school day. The pledge has a great deal of sentimental value to many Americans, but also creates a great deal of controversy for others. Review The History of Legal Challenges to the Pledge of Allegiance by reading the Supreme Court cases Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow and Jane Doe v. Acton-Boxborogh Regional School District, which highlights the debate. respond with a 2–3 page response in which you:

Summarize the salient points of the Supreme Court case Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow and Jane Doe v. Acton-Boxborogh Regional School District.
show you understand the decisions of the Supreme Court in these cases in brief.
Discuss whether or not you think public schools should require students to recite the pledge. Why or why not?
Provide three quality sources
The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:

Examine how courts impact society and the rule of law in the evolution of social change in America.

Sample Solution

Current day law enforcement

After taking this class, what is your overall opinion of current day law enforcement?
Would you consider a career in law enforcement? If yes, why and what would you like to do? If not, why not?
What is your opinion on whether or not the mainstream media presents a false narrative regarding law enforcement?
Do you think politics has had an impact on the views of law enforcement and its current situation? If yes, why? If not, why not?
Has the media narrative about law enforcement influenced you in your opinion of law enforcement or decisions regarding being in law enforcement? Please explain.

Sample Solution

The roles of each of the main actors in the courthouse.

Describe the roles of each of the main actors in the courthouse. Which do you believe play the most significant role? In what ways did these actors play a part in the George Zimmerman and Dylann Roof cases?

Please reply to the discussion question above and reference Chapter 1: Law, Crime, Courts and Controversy
Chapter 2: Federal Courts in the course text material and watch the following videos:
Prezi on Federal Court System
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHJ9tEuxz8c (9 minutes)

Use scholarly sources (other than the assigned course text). The response should demonstrate the application of theory, law, policy, practice, and/or scholarly literature. Please check for the correct use of APA formatting, in-text citations and grammatical errors

Course Material:
Title: America’s Courts and the Criminal Justice System, 13th ed.
Authors: David W. Neubauer and Henry F. Fradella 
Publisher: Cengage
Year Published: 2019
ISBN: 13-9781337557894

Sample Solution


The Case of the Director Who Wore Too Many Hats

Nathalia is one of 5 directors of Alpha Investments Corporation. She is also a majority shareholder holding both common and preferred stock. Her stock with voting rights amounts to 47% of all stock issued with voting rights.

Nathalia buys, for $1,500, an option to purchase a tract of real estate called Blackacre, which is next to Alpha’s home office, for $50,000. Nathalia forms a new corporation, Commercial Property, Inc., to hold the option. She then has Commercial Property buy Blackacre. As a director of Alpha, Nathalia orders Alpha to authorize its real estate agent to negotiate the purchase of the land from Commercial Property for $100,000. After a successful negotiation for the purchase of Blackacre for $100,000, Nathalia has Commercial Property sell it to Beta, and loan the money to Beta for the purchase price at a 5% interest rate which is 2% below the market rate. Julian, a minority shareholder in Beta, formally complains to Beta’s board which takes no action.

The Trial

Julian files a suit against Nathalia on Beta’s behalf seeking to cancel the sale. Nathalia asks the Court to dismiss the lawsuit as Julian has no standing to bring the lawsuit.

Arguments At Trial

Nathalia’s attorney argues that Blackacre is necessary for Alpha as it will allow them to expand their offices and production plant thus increasing the net worth and potential profits to the shareholders. Further, the Board of Directors of Alpha authorized the purchase which appeared to be in accordance with the Articles of Incorporation.

Julian’s attorney argues that the purchase of Blackacre should have been put to a vote of the shareholders of Alpha as required by Alpha’s Bylaws. Alpha’s Board of Directors failed in its duty to make sure this sale was in the corporation’s best interest.

Questions to Decide

What kind of suit will Julian file and what is its basis?
Who are the Plaintiffs and who are the Defendants? Why?
What are the defenses, if any, of Alpha or Nathalia?
Who will win the case and why?

  • at least one reference to chapter/page (https://www.oercommons.org/courses/business-law-and-the-legal-environment-2/view )

Sample Solution

The Defense Attorney’s Role in Plea Bargaining

Are defendants pressured by their own attorney’s to plead guilty? pp. 154-161.
After reading the article answer the following questions in a discussion posting:

You must also comment on two of your classmate’s postings by the end of the week.

  1. Do you think the methodology used to complete this study was valid?
  2. What limitations do you see, if any, in the way the study was conducted?
  3. Given the changes in the knowledge of today’s defendants as it relates to the legal system and plea bargaining are this study’s finding still valid? Why or Why not?

Sample Solution

Authoritarian methods

Are authoritarian methods morally compatible with democratic principles and institutions?

Under what circumstances are authoritarian policies justifiable and necessary, even in democracies with strong constitutional traditions?

The postwar Red Scare investigations in the United States have been labeled by many as “witch hunts.” Were these investigations nevertheless justifiable, considering the external threat from the Soviet Union?

The British security services detained hundreds of innocent people and searched the homes of many thousands of non-IRA members. Considering the threat from the IRA, were these inconveniences nevertheless justifiable?

Sample Solution