Public Debate

Is the death penalty an appropriate punishment for criminals who have tortured and killed people?

Assignment:

1.) Please write a proposed one-sentence thesis statement for the topic listed above. Remember, this single sentence thesis statement has a clear stance and is never a question.

2.) Use the peer-reviewed source that is attached: “Personality and Individual Differences” and include either a short quotation and/or paraphrase with the in-text citation and a works cited entry for this source in MLA form. *Note: To receive credit for this question, the source must be peer-reviewed and correctly cited (a hanging indent is not required to receive credit).

3.) Rogerian Style Short Outline
Give a tentative outline for your Rogerian style essay using the topic above. Make sure to include the following sections in your essay: introduction and claim, background, body, and conclusion. Within the body of your Rogerian essay, make sure to include the following in any order: the background for your chosen topic, the opposition, the strengths and weaknesses of your opponent’s claim, scholarly research, your claim, discuss the warrants for your claim and the opposition in order to find the common ground, and show the common ground between your opponent’s claim and your claim.

Use the Following Example to write the outline:

I. Introduction and thesis
II. Background Info
a. First example
b. Second etc.
III. Show Understanding of Opposition
a. Fairly present and show value of first reason of other side
b. Fairly present and show value of second reason of other side
(**You might have multiple paragraphs for multiple sides.)

IV. Assert your Position
a. First reason
b. Second reason
(might have multiple paragraphs for multiple sides) V. Demonstrate Common Ground a. Show concessions in some (not all) situations based on context b. Show higher interest, goal, or benefit achieved
(** This also might be in the conclusion.)

VI. Conclusion
a. Summary
b. Implications

Sample Solution

Function of Congress and senate

Essay Questions:

  1. What are the major functions of congress? Please discuss the constitutional responsibilities of both the US House of Representatives and the US senate. How is each body organized? What is the leadership structure? If an election were held tomorrow and the Democrats regained power in the house and/or senate, describe what would happen.
  2. As the third branch of government, the judiciary plays an important role in our system of checks and balances; however, the high court (US Supreme Court) has often been accused of being a partisan body. What is judicial activism and does it exist today ? Please provide specific court cases to support your position.

Sample Solution

The concept of judicial review.

Explain the concept of judicial review. Give an example of one court case that involved judicial review and how it was used in that case. This should be at least 400 words.

Please write your essay in MLA format, and follow the standard five paragraph model. Your essay should have an introduction paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. If you need help with how to write an essay in MLA format or the five paragraph model, please refer to the following links:

MLA: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
5 Paragraphs: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/five_par.htm

Sample Solution

Civil Rights of Citizens with Police Officers

You are the new police chief of a large city. The police department in your city has several complaints filed in the past year with Internal Affairs about certain police practices that some of the complaints allege police corruption. Corruption is a persistent problem in American policing, and it is essentially a misuse of authority for personal gain. It is not always easy to decipher what acts are classified as corruption. As a police chief, you are concerned that these complaints may turn into lawsuits against the city police department that could potentially cost millions of dollars. You have never had to deal with a lawsuit against the city police department at any of the previous departments that you commanded. You want to understand more about the nature of civil liability associated with policing.

Also, because you are a new police chief, you are trying to correct all the problems of corruption and these complaints, where the most prominent complaint is over police corruption. You know that police officers often go to lunch at a local family-owned restaurant in the city and receive free meals. You remember from your police academy classes and your AIU classes that you are not allowed to accept gifts from people while you are on duty; however, you know that many officers in your department accept free meals and gifts. While at lunch one day with some of your officers, you go to pay for you meal (which is valued at approximately $10.00), and one of the officers tells you that you do not have to pay for your meal at this restaurant. You pay for your meal but are concerned about the comment, so you decide to write a memo in APA format to your subordinates about the following issues and questions. You must write a paper of 2-3 pages outlining your thoughts about the issues and back up your thoughts with cited facts.
Should you pay for the meal or take the free meal? Why? Does it make a difference if you are on-duty or off-duty?
Is accepting a free meal ethical as a police officer?
What are the pros and cons in accepting the free meal? What are the pros and cons in not accepting the free meal?
Do you think that police officers should be held to a higher standard  than people in other professions?
Do you think that the police department can be sued over accepting free lunches?
What are some of the more common reasons why people sue a police department?
Can someone sue the police in a state and federal court? Explain.
What is the harm caused when someone sues a police department?
How can civil liability be reduced?

Sample Solution

Racial profiling

On April 23, 2008, the United States Supreme Court, without dissent, determined in the case of Virginia v. Moore that despite unprofessional conduct on the part of the police, there was no violation of Mr. Moore’s civil rights when the police profiled him because they knew that he was driving under a suspended license. A subsequent arrest and search for the suspended driver s license resulted in the finding of controlled substances and additional charges. Essentially, the court ruled that if the police knew a defendant was committing a motor vehicle violation, regardless of their personal bias, then they had the right to stop that person and check to see if probable cause existed to arrest him or her.

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400-600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Under what conditions do you think, if any, racial profiling should be clearly illegal? Explain your position.
What is your opinion about the decision that even if an officer was racially profiling, if the stop was based on a motor vehicle violation, then there is no issue?
Is there a legitimate reason at any stage in an investigation for racial profiling? Explain.
What impacts on the community do you think can proracial profiling policies have? Explain in detail.

Sample Solution

Case study analysis

FACTS: John Yates, a commercial fisherman, caught undersized red grouper in federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico. To prevent federal authorities from confirming that he had harvested undersized fish, Yates ordered a crew member to toss the suspect fish into the sea. Yates was charged with obstruction of justice through destruction of the small red grouper fish.

DECISIONS BELOW: Yates was convicted and appealed. His conviction was upheld. He appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

ISSUE ON APPEAL: Is the release of fish back into the sea obstruction of justice?

DECISION: A split court held that the fish were not “tangible objects” for purposes of the obstruction of justice statute. The court held that the statute was passed to cover files and electronic records and not tangible objects such as fish. The court held that the statute was passed in the wake of financial and ethical collapses in companies and was not intended to have generic application. It was directed at electronic files and documentation, not tangible objects such as fish.

Using information from this week’s readings and academic sources, answer the following questions in 500 words (minimum):

Explain what Mr. Yates did and why.
Describe the terms used in the statute at issue and the history of the statute.
Why does the dissent think the majority made the decision it did?

Sample Solution

International juvenile justice and/or youth violence

First, why do we study international juvenile justice and/or youth violence (at least one paragraph)?

Second, select two countries that were discussed in this unit for comparison. Provide the following information in your discussion:

Include the name of the country and an overview of it. You are encouraged to visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ for this information (at least two paragraphs for each country).
Select a region by using the interactive map.
Then, select the specific country you will include in your discussion.
Include a summary of the juvenile justice or youth violence as identified in the lesson notes (at least one paragraph for each country).
Use the attached document template to complete this assignment. Click here to access the template. Complete one table for each country.

Sample Solution

Balancing act

The Supreme Court of the United States indicates that a police officer must balance the need to do his or her law enforcement job with the dangers to suspects and the public. Do you think this balancing act is too difficult to perform successfully? Why or why not?

Sample Solution

The nature and scope of the alcohol and/or drug abuse problem in the United States today

Description

Choose ONE of the following questions:

1) What is the nature and scope of the alcohol and/or drug abuse problem in the United States today? For example, is this problem more significant today than it was in the past? What are some data you can find to support whether rates have gone down or up over time?

Or

2) Which sociological perspective (for example conflict theory, functionalism, interactionism, feminist theory) would you choose in order to best understand how race, class, and gender impact the rates of crime in the United States? Defend your response with current data on crime rates.

Sample Solution

The Case of Paula Plaintiff

In this assignment, you’ll need to decide whether Paula Plaintiff has any legal claims arising from a series of unfortunate events. After reading the scenario, answer the questions that follow, making sure to fully explain the basis of your decision.

Paula Plaintiff is shopping at her favorite store, Cash Mart. She is looking for a new laptop, but she cannot find one she likes. Then, realizing that she is going to be late for an appointment, she attempts to leave the store, walking very fast. However, before she can leave, she is stopped by a security guard who accuses her of shoplifting. Paula, who has taken nothing, denies any wrongdoing. The officer insists and takes Paula to a small room in the back of the store. The guard tells Paula that if she attempts to leave the room she will be arrested and sent to jail. At this point, the guard leaves the room. Paula is scared and waits in the room for over an hour until the manager comes in and apologizes and tells Paula that she is free to go.

About this same time, Geoffrey Golfer is hitting golf balls in his backyard. Geoffrey decides to break out his new driver and hits a golf ball out of his backyard into the Cash Mart parking lot. The golf ball hits Paula Plaintiff on the head and knocks her unconscious just as she is leaving the store.

Instructions

In a 4-6 page paper, answer the following questions:

What types of legal claims could Paula make against Cash Mart and Geoffrey? Consider the following:

What are the possible tort claims that Paula can make against Cash Mart? Discuss the elements of the claim and how those elements relate to the facts in the scenario.

Was Geoffrey negligent when he hit the golf ball that injured Paula? Discuss the elements of negligence and use facts from the scenario to support your decision.

If Paula files a negligence claim against Geoffrey will she file in civil court or criminal court? Explain the difference between civil court and criminal court.

Sample Solution