Mahatma Gandhi (1869- 1948)

READINGS

E. M. Forster, a British novelist, is most known for his work A Passage to India, which illustrates this heavy British influence of India during the turn of the century. He was born to Welsh and Irish-Anglo parents, and, sadly, lost his father at the young age of two. After inheriting a rather large sum of money, Forster was able to fulfill his dreams of becoming a writer. The following short video clip explains E. M. Forster’s experience at Cambridge and deciding to become an author: “E M Forster Talks About Writing Novels – ‘Only Connect.'” The work that we will read this week, A Passage to India, was completed by Forster after he spent some time in India, during the 1920s. Forster won quite a few awards for this work, including the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1924.

Most of us recognize George Orwell as the author of 1984 and Animal Farm. However, Orwell has written a good number of journal articles as well, detailing some of his experiences within India, where he was born in 1903. The story we are reading this week, “To Shoot and Elephant,” most likely came from Orwell’s experiences as a police officer in India. This work takes place in Burma, today part of Myanmar. However, before 1937, Burma was part of British controlled India. In this work, Orwell spoke out against British imperialism through this work. Although Orwell believed that the people of Burma should have independence, some of the wording within the story does reflect some prejudice against the Burmese.

You probably are already aware that Mahatma Gandhi (1869- 1948) was the leader of India’s Independence movement against Britain and is often referred to as the “Father of the Nation.” As we saw in Forster’s Passage to India, the tension between Indians and the British was high, and many within India did not have the same opportunities as the British who lived in India, simply because of their race. Gandhi, a lawyer and member of India’s merchant class, worked tirelessly to obtain social justice for all of India’s population, especially those who remained in India’s lower classes. He also worked to remove the stigma of being born as an “untouchable,” or those who were born into a class who performed menial labor, as in cleaners, laborers, or butchering. Most especially, though, he called for Britain to leave India in his famous speech made in 1942 entitled “Quit India.” Please listen to Gandhi’s speech below. Through Gandhi’s efforts, the population of India challenged Britain’s rule in a non-violent manner

QUESTION

1) Compare Forster and/or Orwell’s depiction of the English with their depiction of the Indian community. What are the authors’ views British colonialism? Does Gandhi share a similar view?

2) What sort of issues or points do Tagore, Ghosh, and/or Naidu make in the assigned literature about life in India? What sort of issues, if any, do these authors highlight?

Sample Solution

A Statement of Personal Philosophy

Simply put, curriculum may be defined as what students should know and be able to do. Therefore, curriculum is the point of departure, the hub, the heart, the foundation for consideration of practically all aspects of education. Imagine then that you will soon interview for a position as a curriculum coordinator for a school district. You know that the members of the interview team have much experience in curriculum and often discuss philosophical issues in education when they see each other. Prepare a statement of Philosophy that you may leave with them to ensure that they know fully what you think about the fundamental forces that shape curriculum and in turn are shaped by it.
Be sure to discuss the four issues below:
 the role of philosophy in curriculum
 the significance of appropriate goals and objectives
 the usefulness of curriculum designs
 the tension between the arts and current goals of education

Sample Solution

Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs pyramid

By its very nature, Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs pyramid contains interdisciplinary components. Does Maslow’s research reveal to us that in order to achieve our full potential we need to be an interdisciplinary person and thinker? Does Maslow’s research reveal to us that the key to self-actualization is interdisciplinarity? Keep these two questions in mind as you proceed with unit eight. This paper serves as your final assignment in the Interdisciplinary Inquiry course. Up until this point, you have been learning about academic disciplines and interdisciplinarity. This paper takes things to the next step. Here you will be able to explore interdisciplinary inquiry in the context of your own life experiences. Hopefully, it can be a positive step in making you a more interdisciplinary thinker and person.

This paper will require a minimum of 3 sources. You must use the article A Theory Of
Human Motivation by Abraham Maslow as one of your sources. One will be from the
unit 7.3 bulletin board that was posted by another student. The final (3rd source) will be
one that you found on your own.

  1. Write an 8-10 page interdisciplinary critical analysis essay as described in the instructions
    below.

Sample Solution

Constructivism

Educational leaders face many critical issues that must be addressed. In order to be fully informed, you must consider multiple perspectives, analyze your own perspectives, and be able to present a rationale for your beliefs and actions.

For this assignment, you will choose and explore one of the following topics:

Is constructivism the best philosophy of education?
Is Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning relevant to the learning environment?
Do computers negatively affect student growth?
Should teachers consider Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development as they facilitate learning in their classrooms?
Should every teacher be culturally responsive? Does multicultural education align with being culturally responsive?
After choosing your topic, locate an article and a research study that investigates your selected topic. Write a five-page maximum paper in which you synthesize information on your chosen topic from the article and research study you have chosen. Include a description of both sides of the issue and choose the side you agree with. Explain your choice.

Sample Solution

Colonialism

Though colonialism may have officially ended, the effects of colonialism are still very much present today. This is true in modern-day Africa.

Review the following resources for additional information on the slave trade in Africa:

Sample Solution