Disengagement

What does the term disengagement mean and how does it work regarding terrorism?

What types of counter-terrorism strategies are there and how might they work?

What counter-terrorism strategies do you think work best and why?

Sample Solution

Definition for international terrorism

Write a college level research paper that fully addresses both of the following topics:

Describe your own definition for international terrorism (from the week 2 discussion post) making any modifications based on those discussions, and then summarize the four waves of modern terrorism and defend your position if you think we are experiencing a fifth wave.
Propose a plan to build and sustain international cooperation on counter-terrorism. You can consider doing this from the perspective of the United States (a lead nation), or use an intergovernmental alliance approach like using the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (see NATO Working with partners to counter terrorism), or propose a global international method. Make sure to address the full spectrum of counter terrorism tools such as diplomatic, military, intelligence, economic, informational, financial and law enforcement. Describe how you will create and build the cooperation as well as the pros and cons of your chosen approach.

Sample Solution

Nationalistic and Endemic Terrorism

Nationalistic and Endemic Terrorism; CHAPTER 8: Background to the Middle East & Chapter 9 • Terrorism in Israel and Palestine )

  1. Define nationalistic terrorism.
  2. Define the term endemic terrorism.
  3. Describe political conditions in Nigeria and Somalia.
  4. Explain the emergence of terrorism after the 1967 Six-Day War.
  5. Describe the difference between Shi’ites and Sunnis.
  6. Who is Yasser Arafat?
  7. Identify factional groups that emerged from squabbles among the Palestinians.

Sample Solution

Terrorism

In your essay you must analyze each of the three cases approved by your mentor according to these four
distinct requirements:

(A) Identify and describe the facts of each case separately, the individuals or groups involved, the
perpetrators, declared objectives, the authorities, reaction, and the eventual outcome.

(B) Apply your understanding of the case studies to analyze the processes leading to each
event/case, the circumstances surrounding the ways each event unfolded, and the causes
responsible for the subsequent results. If appropriate, distinguish between facts and commonly held myths about these cases.

(C) Evaluate each of the three cases according to the same one assumption or hypothesis
concerning causes of terrorism from the repertoire of theory you have acquired during this
course.

(D) Discuss the usefulness of the selected assumption/hypothesis when applied to each of the
three cases. Specifically, assess whether or not it is relevant and contributes to the analysis and
understanding of each case.

Sample Solution

Terrorist Group Profile and Homeland Security Policy

Part 1 – Select a domestic or international terrorist organization that threatens the U.S. homeland and complete a profile of that organization. Your topic does not have to be approved by the instructor unless otherwise noted. If you have any questions, please contact your instructor. The group profile should be approximately 50 percent of the final paper and must include a discussion of the group’s ideology, targeting, tactics, capability, and overall goals, analysis of attacks, and any statements or propaganda released by the group. Make sure you have enough information on the group to address all these factors and how it affects the US homeland.
A foreign terrorist group for this project must be on the official list of foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) maintained by the U.S. Department of State. In the case of domestic terrorist groups, there is no sanctioned list from which to choose, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has made significant arrests from several groups that would fit the description of a domestic terrorist group. The FBI also names many other groups in congressional testimony. Materials presented in the course as well as recent news and congressional testimony, are good sources of information on how to identify domestic groups for this project.
Part 2 – Approximately 50% of the entire research paper. Use the group profile to conduct an analysis of one or more U.S. homeland security policies studied in the course, to assess the ability of the policy or policies to counter the threat posed by the group profiled. This analysis should begin with an introduction and explanation of the policy, followed by an analysis addressing the breadth of the information (from part 1) gathered on that terrorist group. The policy you analyze should be consistent with the group; for example, if you choose a domestic terrorist group, it would be improper to analyze the Secure Border Initiative and its ability to counter a domestic threat, because the members of the group are already within the nation’s borders. If you find the policy deficient, make specific recommendations for policy change to counter the threat. If you deem the policy sufficient to counter the threat, explain the rationale for your conclusion.
Your finished project, including both elements of the paper, should be approximately 12 to 14 double-spaced pages (full pages), (not including cover page, charts, graphs, pictures, graphics, or reference pages) but including the abstract, submitted as one document.

Sample Solution

Emerging terrorist threat

you will identify an emerging terrorist threat and begin to explore the different ways in which it may evolve. Begin by researching a current news article on an emerging terrorist threat. Use this article as the basis for your initial post.
In your initial post, briefly summarize the article focusing on the emerging terrorist threat. Then, present a minimum of three alternative futures related to how this threat may evolve over time.

Sample Solution

Terrorism

In previous milestones, you researched the history and background of your chosen attack and analyzed its impact. In this milestone, you will focus on the impact of the response to the attack. In addition, you will propose alternative responses. You will base these alternative responses on the information you gathered during your analysis of the attack. Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

 Past Response and Alternatives: In this section, you will focus on how the government of the country in which the attack occurred responded to the event. You will also consider the impacts of the government’s response and suggest an alternative response.

Discuss decisions that were made and policies that were created in response to the attack to discourage terrorism, and explain the intended purpose of those decisions. You may consider both foreign and domestic policies. Explain the unintended consequences of those decisions and policies. Consider the following:

 Did the response negatively impact relationships with other countries?

 Did the response unintentionally encourage terrorism?

Describe how other countries were impacted by the response, using supporting examples.

Discuss the lessons learned from the government’s response. In hindsight, what did the government do wrong? What did it do right?

Suggest a specific way in which the government could have responded differently to the terrorist attack.

Explain how this alternative response could have changed the current state of the terrorist organization responsible for the attack. In other words, if that alternative response had been used, how might the terrorist organization have been more or less of a threat to the world today?

Sample Solution

Terrorist organizations from the government

Choose two domestic and two international terrorist organizations from the government lists of terrorist organizations. In 1200 words, describe the following:

  1. Describe the ideological foundations of each of the groups.
  2. Describe the modus operandi of each group and their most recent acts of terror.
  3. Explain how the motivations and tactics differ between the domestic and the international terrorist groups you chose.

Sample Solution

Weapons of Mass Destruction at an event

Present a thorough description of a specific type of WMD threat at your selected event.

Determine an incident location in your own city, tribe, or state.

Describe the demographics of the affected population, and list possible casualties based on the type of WMD selected.

Detail your likely operational emergency medical response, homeland security response, and recovery outcomes.

Choose a terrorist organization to use for your scenario.

Describe the terrorist organization most likely responsible for the WMD incident at your chosen location.

Discuss background information about the organization.

Describe how the organization likely acquired the materials to create the WMD.

Discuss the potential risks and threats posed by your selected WMD.

Describe the development of the WMD, what technology it uses, and what laws regulate materials used in the WMD.

Discuss all conceivable response operations at the level of government you have selected (local, state, tribal, or federal).

Provide a description of the homeland security/emergency management organizations at all levels that you can coordinate with via the Incident Command System (ICS).

Sample Solution