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Comparing Sociological Theories

As a helping professional, understanding social disorganization theory, social conflict theory, and rational
choice theory as three contemporary perspectives on the causes of criminal behavior are essential. Social
disorganization theory—such as purported by the Chicago School, which you read about in Week 2—views
crime as being a product of neighborhoods and communities that have broken down and are characterized by
weak cultural and structural norms, absence of law and order, and high levels of poverty. Social conflict theory
assigns the cause of crime to conflict between competing social groups, such as the affluent and the working
poor. Rational choice theory emphasizes the decision-making process of criminals and aims to prevent crime
by making criminal behavior less attractive and valuable.
Each sociological theory outlined here has strengths and limitations. Applying these theories is likely to yield
diverse explanations for the causes of criminal behavior.
For this Assignment, review the article, “The Role of Attenuated Culture in Social Disorganization Theory” and
consider the principles of disorganization theory, paying particular attention to various aspects of the theory as
explanations for criminal behavior. Then, search the Internet and select 3 peer-reviewed articles that address
social conflict theory, social disorganization theory, and rational choice theory.
Assignment (2 pages):
Briefly describe social conflict theory, social disorganization theory, and rational choice theory.
Compare (similarities and differences) social conflict theory, social disorganization theory, and rational choice
theory, using specific examples in your comparison.
Based on your comparison, describe at least one insight or conclusion you might draw.
Use the resources from your research to support your findings.

Sample Solution

work with goslings. Lorenz believed that A breakdown in the relationship with its mother led to a disruption in the development of a bird’s normal social behaviour, supporting his theory that the first relationship a bird experiences determines the bird’s future. Likewise, John Bowlby claimed that a disruption in the child’s attachment to its mother had grave consequences for his or her adult personality (Vicedo, 2009). It is my understanding that in Bowlby’s attachment theory, an anxious attachment style has a prolonged, more complicated effect upon grieving, a person with an anxious style of attachment may experience deeper levels of depression, contrary wise a secure attachment to the deceased, may indicate less depression and aid the transition through grieving and the recovery from it. This may be that in an anxious state of attachment the deceased may not have been emotionally available to the bereaved, and therefore the bereaved person may over-activate their grief response. There are several limitations to Bowlby’s attachment theory the first being that the model was based upon young children utilising momentary separations, which were stressful for the child, more understanding could come from an observation of how parents interact with the child and what they provide for each other during natural, non-stressful situations. How children interact with their parents in a non-stressful situation may provide more information on how the attachment model works than how the child acts when the mother leaves and then returns. Secondary to this the observations took place utilising only the primary caregiver, for example, the mother and other family attachments may not be characterised by similar reactions. Finally, the father or a sibling may have the same attachment with the child at the same time, relating directly to adults having more than one primary attachment, such as significant other and their children. This shows that attachment is not merely confined to infancy but experienced countless times throughout life including adolescence, early adulthood and beyond. There are several models of grieving that can be explored in relation to disenfranchised grief, firstly the five stages of grief Kubler-Ross (2005) states that the five stages of grief, have evolved since their introduction and have been very misunderstood over the past decades. She goes on the say that they were never meant to help tuck messy emotions into neat packages. We can apply some of the stages of grief to C in that she has experienced anger, mainly at herself for putting her children in a position where violence was occurring in her relationship and being in a place emotionally where she felt she needed drugs and alcohol to cope but mainly not being the parent that her children deserved. She has experienced an initial denial when the children were first placed with social services and again when they were put up for adoption and she has experienced depression. In relation to the baby that died the stages of grief can be seen although not in their entirety, some denial or disbelief may have been present when she received the diagnosis of Edwards syndrome, however, from her disclosures it seems quite matter of fact, the baby was ill and a deci
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