- How did women participate in the development of modern Latin American nations? Describe how Dora Maria Téllez was an instrumental figure in the Nicaraguan Sandinista revolution of the 1970s and 1980s. 2. How has corruption shaped internal relations and outside perceptions of Latin America? Describe some of the methods that are working to mitigate the effects of widespread corruption across Latin America today. 3. How did the legacy of European colonialism shape the shift toward Latin American independence during the early-nineteenth century? Describe the circumstances of colonialism in eighteenth-century Latin America, outline the legacy of colonialism, and demonstrate how independence was both reaction against and resistance to changing the existing colonial order. Use at one specific national case to expand your answer. 4. There were two episodes of revolutionary change in modern Latin American history: the first as Latin American nations emerged from Spanish colonialism from the 1780s into the 1840s, and the second at the beginning of the twentieth century when Zapatista fighters set the stage for widespread Communist revolution. By 1830, Latin America had fragmented into 15 separate countries. How can we describe the transition to modernity in Latin America within the context of national revolutions?