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European Approaches to the Gender Pay Gap.

In this discussion you will answer questions related to the following case study, European Approaches to the Gender Pay Gap. Read the case study then answer the questions below.
Case Study – European Approaches to the Gender Pay GapThe policies of other nations can offer some insight into how to address pay inequality. Iceland, for example, has consistently been at the top of the world rankings for workplace gender equality in the World Economic Forum survey.30 A new Icelandic law went into effect on January 1, 2018, that makes it illegal to pay men more than women, gauged not by specific job category, but rather in all jobs collectively at any employer with twenty-five or more employees, a concept known as an aggregate salary data approach.31 The burden of proof is on employers to show that men and women are paid equally or they face a fine. The ultimate goal is to eliminate all pay inequities in Iceland by the year 2022. The United Kingdom has taken a first step toward addressing this issue by mandating pay transparency, which requires employers with 250 workers or more to publish details on the gaps in average pay between their male and female employees.32Policies not directly linked to salary can help as well. German children have a legal right to a place in kindergarten from the age of three years, which has allowed one-third of mothers who could not otherwise afford nursery school or kindergarten to join the workforce.33 In the United Kingdom, the government offers up to thirty hours weekly of free care for three- and four-year-old children to help mothers get back in the workforce. Laws such as these allow women, who are often the primary caregivers in a household, to experience fewer interruptions in their careers, a factor often blamed for the wage gap in the United States.The World Economic Forum reports that about 65 percent of all Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries have introduced new policies on pay equality, including requiring many employers to publish calculations every year showing the gender pay gap.34 Steps such as the collection and reporting of aggregate salary data, or some form of early education or subsidized childcare, are positive steps toward eventually achieving the goal of wage equality.
Discussion Questions:Answer the following questions related to the case study:

Which of these policies do you think would be the most likely to be implemented in the United States and why?
How would each of the normative theories of ethical behavior (virtue ethics, utilitarianism, deontology, and justice theory) view this issue and these proposed solutions?

Sample Solution

Potential Outcomes of Skipping Classes at School GuidesorSubmit my paper for investigation playing hooky memeThe times when guardians were answerable for their kids' scholastic achievements—and understudies themselves—appear to have gone. These days, numerous individuals trust it is the secondary school organization, educators, and the administration that are answerable for understudies getting passing marks. Previously, when you got a F, your folks would accuse you; today, they would prefer to go to your school and request your instructor to give you a superior evaluation. Such a methodology prompts reckless conduct: understudies imprudent about their evaluations and begin skipping classes, believing them to be exhausting. Furthermore, in spite of the fact that there is apparently nothing amiss with avoiding an exhausting class you figure you would not require in future, in certainty doing so has various negative effects on your future. To begin with, guardians of an understudy who plays hooky lose tremendous measures of cash (given that it isn't the understudy who pays for considering). In the United States, free training is an uncommon benefit; each and every class skipped merits a specific measure of cash. Regardless of whether an understudy learns at secondary school, school, or college, it doesn't make a difference—the normal expense of a played hooky is in the range between $50 to $100 (IFR). On the off chance that an understudy decides to skip classes routinely, it will cost the person in question or their folks a great deal of cash every year, without getting the outcome: instruction and information. The likeliness to get lower grades when skipped classes is another result. While the individuals who remain in class get probably some information, regardless of whether they are not brilliant, an individual who skips classes is at higher dangers of getting no information by any means. Plus, instructors may have a predisposition toward such an understudy, and will treat the person in question unjustifiably despite the fact that this individual may be splendid and examined the subject on their own. Obviously, this circumstance can prompt a disappointment during tests or getting ousted from an instructive foundation (FRI). As per inquire about, just five unlucky deficiencies is typically enough for an understudy's scholarly presentation to drop. Five additional nonappearances would in all likelihood lead to a diminished opportunity to graduate a specific instructive foundation: all things considered, captains are about 20% less inclined to effectively graduate. In the event that an understudy learns at secondary school, the individual has a 25% less opportunity to enter any sort of advanced education organization. They are likewise 2.5 occasions bound to need to live on welfare contrasted with their progressively trained friends (Middle Earth). Skipping classes has one more not really clear result: an understudy is bound to get occupied with exercises that neither the American culture nor the administrative framework would favor. Skipping classes doesn't generally infer remaining at home; almost certain, an understudy would invest their energy outside, and opportunities to engage in introverted conduct (substance misuse, shoplifting, betting, etc) increment. No compelling reason to state it can make an individual enter jail in the long run. Skipping classes isn't so innocuous as it would appear. It is an immediate misuse of cash for each one of the individuals who need to pay for the instruction—and such individuals are the dominant part. Understudies who skip classes are bound to get lower evaluations and face a one-sided disposition from their educators; additionally, they have lower opportunities to effectively graduate, and try out a school—of any kind. Such understudies are likewise bound to live on welfare, and get occupied with introverted conduct. Subsequently, this issue ought to be treated with all conceivable consideration from instructors, guardians, and specialists. References "The Impact of Skipping School." Middle Earth. N.p., 16 Oct. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2015. "Why Skipping Classes is Bad." IFR. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2015. "Skipping Classes? Have some good times While You Can." FRI. N.p., 12 June 2014. Web. 23 Sept. 2015.
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