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- What is privacy?
- What risks, if any, does facial recognition software raise?
- How much information about you can be found on-line with a simple google search?
- How much information about you can be found by searching government and commercial databases?
- Describe informed consent.
- Should secondary use of consumer provided data be available without notice to the consumer?
- How do data mining and predictive analytics work?
- Watch this Science Friday video by Ira Flatow. And, offer your opinion – Are advancing algorithms taking our free will?
- Should Facebook be regulated, at least as far as it’s privacy and data policies?
- How many public cameras is too many?
acts and ceremonies are often followed. Rites are divided into numerous categories, and vary depending on culture. The book begins with the sub-divisions and categories of rites. There are different forms of rites, sympathetic, contagious, direct, indirect, positive, and negative rites. Sympathetic rites are those rites based on belief of the world and dead. Contagious rites are based on a belief that natural or acquired characteristics are material. There is then a distinction between direct and indirect rites. Direct rites are designed to produce results immediately. Indirect rites are initially slow, which set into motion some type of autonomous power. There is then a distinction between positive and negative rites. Positive rites are rites equivalent of positive decisions, and negative rites are equivalent of negative decisions. Negative rites are now known as taboos and are considered prohibitions. Rites are then divided into three sub-categories, rites of separation, transition rites, and rites of incorporation. A complete scheme of rites of passage includes preliminal, which are considered rites of separation, liminal, which are considered transition rites, and postliminal, which are considered rites of incorporation. Van Gennep considers the goal of rites is to ensure a change of condition or a passage from one “world” to another. To Gennep, the transition is symbolic, which involves separation, transitional, and incorporation. The separation aspect is the individual leaving one world. The transitional aspect is the actual transition between worlds. The incorporation aspect is the entrance of the new world and the new life that follows. This chapter addresses that different cultures have different views of rites and have different rites depending on the culture. An individual that does not have the immediate rite at birth to enter a different territory and establish themselves in this territory, is in a state of isolation. Isolation has two aspects which can be found separately or combined. The first is that the person is weak because he is outside a certain territory, and second he is strong since he is in the sacred realm with respect to the group’s members, for which their society constitutes this “world.” This isolation occurs in these cultures because in these cultures, foreigners cannot immediately enter the territory of the tribe or the village, they must prove their intentions from afar and undergo a stage of rite, best known to the group. Along with these other territories and cultures, there are also many different rites native to certain territories. The various forms of greeting for example fall into the category of rites of incorporation, they vary to the extent to which the person arriving is a stranger to the house or to those he meets. As a stranger or strangers he is to introduce himself or herself in a limited way to the group and then, if he so desires to other restricted group and at the same time to the society at large. Here again people clap hands or make noises, separate themselves from the outside world by removing their shoes, coat, unite by eating or drinking together, or perform prescribed rites before the household deities. The following chapters discuss the rites of pregnancy, childbirth, and childhood. The ceremony of pregnancy and childbirth go together. Attention is drawn to the customs of seclusion in special huts or in special parts of the home. It has been established that at the onset of pregnancy, a woman is placed in a state of isolation either for the sake of impurity or abnormality due to pregnancy. This is done to protect mother and child from evil forces. This
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