Imagine that you are a public health nurse, and you and your colleagues have determined that the threat of a deadly new strain of influenza indicates a need for a mass inoculation program in your community. What public health data would have been used to determine the need for such a program? Where would you locate public health data? What data will be collected to determine the success of such a program? How might you communicate this to other communities or internationally?
This week should be fun as you are thinking like a nurse to utilize your investigative processes! What would you do if you found a new strain that could potentially be a community health problem? As you are preparing for this post, ensure to think in terms of mode of transmission, vulnerable populations, and data needed etc. Using the information obtained to provide effective and timely communication is key!
Reminder: please utilize the Q&A Forum, or email me, if you have any questions or concerns. I am looking forward to our discussions.
CO 1: Describe patient-care technologies as appropriate to address the needs of a diverse patient population.
CO 2: Analyze data from all relevant sources, including technology, to inform the delivery of care.
CO 4: Investigate safeguards and decision-making support tools embedded in patient care technologies and information systems to support a safe practice environment for both patients and healthcare workers.
CO 5: Identify patient care technologies, information systems, and communication devices that support nursing practice.
CO 6: Discuss the principles of data integrity, professional ethics, and legal requirements related to data security, regulatory requirements, confidentiality, and client’s right to privacy.
CO 8: Discuss the value of best evidence as a driving force to institute change in delivery of nursing care.
What public health data would have been used to determine the need for such a program?
For us to be able to determine if mass vaccination is needed, we would need to gather data available about the new strain of influenza disease. Since we know that influenza is spread by droplet. We would have to look at the population that it is having a bigger impact, the spread of it, and how contagious. This data could be retrieved from hospitals who are reporting new cases to the health department. EHR’s can help provide accurate surveillance of the disease process without breaking HIPPA when data is reported (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018).
Where would you locate public health data?
I can locate data on the Department of Public Health across the country. In the state of Illinois, they received data from the Department of Public Health of any disease spread, and new cases of disease increase. They gather this from the hospitals because they are required to report this information. To surveillance this data in a timely manner and precise way we would have to look at different options. I research as to how they monitor the COVID-19 pandemic and I found out there is two techniques (CDC, 2021). One of them is called the aggregate count where the team divides into 2 groups. The first team collects information from jurisdictions website, which are credible websites. Then passed it on the team 2 for verification of information and sends it over to jurisdictions to confirmed accuracy and make corrections if need it and published it to the website. The second method is called the line-level data. A more detailed approach and is the second part to determine mass inoculation. They gather more information about the individuals that have died such as race, age, and ethnicity (CDC, 2021). They can note who is most at risk and mass inoculation is appropriate and who is it appropriate for.
What data will be collected to determine the success of such a program?
A way to collect the success of the program would be referring to the CDC once again, since the inoculation has been provided, they continue to aggregate count. We should be able to see the number of cases and deaths declining, which then would mean the effectiveness.
How might you communicate this to other communities or internationally?
We can communicate information to the locally and nationally by the news outlet, social media, radio. We can also print information into newspaper for individuals who do not own technology devices.