Both Martin Luther (in On the Freedom of a Christian and the Smalcald Articles) and René Descartes (in Meditations on First Philosophy) understand themselves to be
breaking free from a received tradition in Christian theology and in philosophy, respectively. Compare and contrast Luther’s and Descartes’ relationship to “tradition” by
considering what aspects of their respective traditions they repudiate, their reasons for rejecting those traditions, and what they establish (in terms of the content of their
conclusions and the method by which they arrive at those conclusions) in place of the traditions they’ve rejected.