Studies that have compared women and men have found little difference in their levels of conformity – except when their judgments are under surveillance or observation. In some cases, men have been found to be less likely to conform when they knew their judgments would be made public (e.g., Eagly, Wood, & Fishbaugh, 1981). Why might this be the case? What other factors are related to a greater likelihood to conform publicly? Consider how our four Major Theoretical Perspectives might relate to these findings.