Cellular reproduction and genetic mutations

Cellular reproduction and genetic mutations are closely related. As cells reproduce, they usually produce exact copies of themselves. Sometimes, however, cellular mutations occur. Genetic mutations are alterations to the sequences of DNA that comprise genes.

Identify two genetic mutations or genetic disorders. What do you find significant or intriguing about these mutations or disorders?
Does genetic testing exist for either disorder? Explain.
Do you think that babies should be tested for either of these mutations or disorders before or at birth? Why or why not?

Sample Solution