Project Management

CLO #1: Identify Information Systems Development’s problems and describe the project lifecycles and the System Development Life Cycle stages.

CLO #2: Apply Model System Requirements, Processes (DFDs), and Data (ERDs) of an information system.
CLO #3: Develop the project management, and Perform a feasibility study.
CLO #4: Analyze system requirements and user requirements and Apply fact-finding techniques.
CLO #5: Apply object oriented concept and its models to Create UML diagrams in holding information system requirements.

                   For details of marking scheme, refer to Rubrics # ACA/F11.05        

Note: This Project accounts for 40% of the Student Final Grade.

Instructions :

  • You are required to accomplish your work in group including maximum 3 students.
  • The required tasks should be documented in a report using MS-Word.
  • The group project report should include your answers to the required tasks.
  • A soft copy of the PowerPoint Presentation must be submitted to the Moodle Website.
  • The soft copy of the Report Word should be uploaded to the Turnitin Moodle Website.

Each group of students should follow and achieve the following tasks:

This project aims at assessing students on the concepts and methods used in object-oriented system development including problem identification, object oriented concepts and tools in problem solving, modeling, system analysis and design.
The goal is to develop information systems using object-oriented system analysis and design techniques such as UML Activity, Class and Sequence diagrams. The required diagrams should be achieved using Visio software. For this purpose, you are asked to complete the following tasks:

Note: students are not allowed to use any example / case study from the class or lab exercises already done, but they should suggest another different business scenario with different UML diagrams.

Task 1: (05 marks)

Choose an example of a real-life company such as Airport, University, Hospital, Travel Agency, etc. Then, describe the business scenario of this company useful to analyze and design its information system.

Task 2: (05 marks)

  1. Analyze and discuss the functional, non-functional and usability requirements of the proposed system. (3 marks)
  2. Detail some fact-finding techniques such as interviews, document review, observation, surveys, questionnaires, sampling and research useful in the proposed company business process. (2 marks)

Task 3: (15 marks)

Create the following UML Diagrams corresponding to the business scenario described in Task 1:

  1. Activity Diagrams: They show the sequence of activities in a process, including sequential and parallel activities, and decisions that are made. (5 marks)
  2. Class Diagrams: They show the static features of the system and do not represent any particular processing. They express the nature of the relationships between classes. They display data storage requirements as well as processing requirements. (5 marks)
  3. Sequence Diagrams: They illustrate a succession of interactions between classes or object instances over time. (5 marks)

Task 4: Project Report

Edit your project report including at least 15 pages. The latter should contain:

  • The project cover page;
  • Table of contents;
  • Introduction;
  • Detail of all project tasks;
  • Conclusion and future work;
  • Bibliography and Netography.

The assessment of your project report will be based on the following criteria:

  • Quality of analysis.
  • Accuracy of concepts/theories used.
  • General organization of the project.
  • Variety of references.
  • Spelling and grammar.

Task 5: Project Presentation (15 marks)

Each group of students should present their work in front of their classmates.
The assessment of your project presentation will be based on the following criteria:

  • Accuracy of the presentation.
  • Presentation skills.
  • Quality of discussion of each student in the group.

Sample Solution

Project Management

If you need to find out how to make a poster project, follow the link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbbg7msvGEc&list=PLZktcgf1tN2JUDedGgSEzh9OPXb6kVSyE&index=57&ab_channel=Dr.K.Powers%2CPsychology— and please inform me what movie you are planning to use asap, thank you.

Sample Solution

Project Management

Reportedly, Sam’s natural parents raised Sam, his older and his younger brother. Information shared by Sam’s
mother, Jill Martin within a previous evaluation (03/31/2003) indicated that during preschool and the first grade
Sam displayed difficulty with attention. Moreover, the report data indicated that by the second grade Sam was
not doing his work.
Referral Question:
Sam’s mother referred him for psychological testing to assist in evaluating the need for accommodations
related to her son’s academic plans for the upcoming year. The referral questions are: 1) Does Sam have
emotional and academic problems that may affect his performance in the gifted program at school this year? 2)
What accommodations will benefit Sam this year?
Current Symptoms:
Currently, Sam’s mother reported a concern about her son’s attention, auditory processing, attention to detail
and overall mental processing of information. Sam’s mother reported that her son had displayed fluctuations in
academic functioning throughout his childhood. She explained that previously, her son enrolled in advanced
classes and data from a previous evaluation (03/31/03) suggested a superior level of intellectual functioning.
Nevertheless, Ms. Martin explained that historically her son performance at school was variable as were his
grades. Sam acknowledged that a teacher previously suggested that he might have symptoms of attention
deficit disorder. She hoped that the current psychological evaluation would provide information relevant to her
son’s current academic difficulties and provide remedial suggestions for enhanced cognitive functioning other
than the prescribed medication.
Current Stressors: Reportedly, Sam’s girlfriend just broke up with Sam, and she stated that he was not fun
enough and would not try new things. Sam reports a change in his mental functioning to include dizziness,
strange thoughts and feelings, anger, apathy, and depression with mood swings. He acknowledged that he is
losing weight, is more inattentive, and lacks coordination and feels weak. Ms. Martin stated that she has noted
that he is showing impaired judgment.
Relevant History:
Developmental/Medical/Social:
Sam’s mother explained that Sam’s developmental and medical history was unremarkable. Ms. Martin
explained that her son was a quiet and bright child, achieved his developmental milestones early. Reportedly,
he walked at eight months and used complete sentences at 17 months. Moreover, Ms. Martin, Sam’s mother
acknowledged that her son learned to tie his shoes as expected; however, he took “forever” to learn to ride his
bike. Ms. Martin reported two significant life events that occurred after her son’s previous evaluation at age 12.
First, reportedly during the 8th grade, Sam had plastic surgery on his ears during which time he had significant
academic difficulties, which resulted in below average grades. Secondly, Sam stated that at age 12 he was hit
“head on” in a car accident. He explained that he “blanked out” after hitting his head on the window although he
acknowledged that he did not pass out. Reportedly, although Ms. Martin acknowledged that her son had a
concussion; Sam did not receive skull or neck x rays to check for bone fractures or injury nor does his mother
recall any ratings reported from the Glasgow coma scale that could help assess the head injury. Ms. Martin did 
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not disclose a family history of seizure disorder although she acknowledged close relatives with attention deficit
disorder, affective disorder, and substance abuse difficulties. Reportedly, Sam has had numerous friends and
various interests throughout his childhood. He was involved in the band, on the soccer team, learned
taekwondo, and participated in a problem-solving club. Moreover, reported that he has had numerous
girlfriends.
Educational/Occupational:
Ms. Martin explained that her son was an early reader and began to read during kindergarten at a private
school, Saint John’s Elementary school. Ms. Martin stated that, during the first grade, Sam’s teacher
acknowledged that Sam might have attention deficit disorder because he was very active. However reportedly,
although not on medication, Sam performed quite well academically from the second through the fifth grade.
Sam stated that he had difficulties with handwriting and therefore he never used cursive and has always
printed. Ms. Martin stated that during the 6th grade, Sam changed schools. Reportedly, his difficulties ensued
and continued through the 8th grade although he continued placement within advanced classes. Currently,
Sam acknowledged that he does well writing essays but exhibits significant difficulties when trying to learn
foreign languages. Sam has a part-time job helping his uncle at his paint supply store. Moreover, reportedly
Sam has a talent for painting murals. His mother reported quite proudly that he has quite a talent but always
smells like paint.
Alcohol Substance Abuse:
Sam denied use of any illegal drugs, any prescription drugs, or any alcohol.
Conduct and Legal:
Reportedly, Sam recently took his mother’s car out for a “joy ride” and although they had called the police
about the missing car, they dropped the charges when they found out their son had the car. Ms. Martin
acknowledged this was an example of his poor judgment lately.
Observations:
Sam is a fourteen- year old, white, male of above average height and sizable athletic frame. He appeared his
stated age, arrived at the evaluation casually and neatly dressed. He was cooperative throughout the
evaluation. Sam is right-handed. He appeared alert and responsive during the evaluation and his attention and
concentration were not impaired. Sam’s thought processes were connected and coherent. Sam conveyed no
delusions and his judgment, reasoning, and insight were adequate. Sam’s eye contact during the evaluation
was adequate.
Regarding his motor functioning, there are no apparent abnormalities during testing. No evidence of impaired
vision or hearing was present during this evaluation. Sam frequently asked permission before starting a task.
Sam’s speech was logical, coherent and of appropriate rate and rhythm unless he was stuttering. Sam did not
demonstrate any additional difficulties with speech and appeared to demonstrate the ability to both understand
and express the English language without notable exceptions. The content of his thought was not tangential
and was relevant to the content. He did not report hallucinations or delusions. His affect was appropriate to the
content. Sam’s gait and pace were unremarkable, and he did not express suicidal/ homicidal ideation.
Sam was not easily distracted from his tasks although he worked relatively slowly on timed tasks. Sam
reported that he felt frustrated with a task requiring him to copy designs onto paper and cracked his knuckles
frequently while admitting great discomfort with the task. Moreover, when asked to reproduce the figures from
memory he at first denied that he could remember any because he did not want to draw anymore.

Sample Solution

Project Management

After completing the content and your reading for the week, write a brief reflection (at least 500 words) on the
course material covered this week addressing the following ideas:
What concepts did you find interesting from this week’s readings and lessons? Explain and expand.
What concepts did you find challenging from this week’s readings and lessons? Explain and expand.
What concepts would you like to learn more about from this week’s readings and lessons? Explain and
expand.

Sample Solution

Project Management

Starting Your Project Plan
In Unit I, you were required to develop and submit a project idea. Your instructor should have provided you with
either the okay to proceed with your idea or some feedback so that you can make changes. Once you have
this feedback, you will be able to make any needed modifications to your project idea, and then you may start
putting together your project plan.
Also, in Unit I, you were provided with an outline for your final project plan. For the assignment in this unit, refer
to your unit lesson and required unit resources to begin to draft your project plan, which should include the
components listed below.

  1. Project Overview: This section should include a brief background description of the project, including
    motivation, goals and objectives, success criteria, major project deliverables, and identified constraints.
    o 1.1 Purpose, Scope and Objectives, and Business Case (In these sections, be sure to include how you will
    measure project success.)
    o 1.1.1 Scope: The project scope may be described in general terms. Include a problem statement, detailed
    steps in requirements gathering, information gathering, project constraints, alternatives analysis, and business
    case documentation. Be sure to describe the techniques used to derive the requirements for this project.
    o 1.1.2 Statement of Work (SOW): Include key milestones, resource requirements, risks and concerns, and
    acceptance criteria.
    o 1.1.3 Business Case: Include the business needs to be satisfied, the feasibility of the project, a description of
    internal and external forces likely to affect the project, a comparative analysis of the costs and benefits of this
    project over alternative solutions, and time estimates to return on investment. Identify how the satisfaction of
    business needs will be determined.
    o 1.2 Project Deliverables: List the major items or project features to be delivered to the client.
    o 1.3 Project Organization: List all project team members, their specific roles, and the project organization
    hierarchy. Where appropriate, indicate joint responsibilities between the project manager and functional
    manager. Develop a project team reporting structure.

Sample Solution

Project Management

In approximately 5 pages (12 point Times New Roman font, double-spaced; it is permissible to exceed 5
pages if desired), please prepare and submit a mock appellate legal brief on behalf of NoKe seeking
reversal of the trial court’s JNOV in favor of Hanna and the reinstatement of NoKe’s $2,750,000 jury
verdict. The appellate brief should argue that the Cell Phone Deal was an enforceable contract which
Hanna subsequently breached, causing NoKe damages. The argument should be broken up into two points:
(I) that the trial court erred in granting Hanna’s JNOV because NoKe had proven with substantial evidence
that there was an oral agreement between Hanna and Pelisson that NoKe would receive 30% ownership
interests in their (i.e., Hanna’s and Pelisson’s) future projects together with COLM in the Northeast and (II)
the trial court erred in granting Hanna’s motion for JNOV because there was sufficient evidence of
consideration to support the oral contract. Your points should integrate and stress the high standard of
review for JNOVs in New Jersey. Please do NOT make arguments regarding the statute of frauds or
promissory estoppel in your briefs – rather, assume these arguments have been taken out of the equation for
procedural reasons.
Your brief should be based on the factual background, procedural history and applicable law
provided in this document. It should also address and counter Hanna’s arguments and testimony in
favor of the JNOV as described Section V of this document. There is no need to cite any external
statutes or cases in this assignment that are not included in this document or to perform any external
legal research – all that is required of you is to review, consult and use the information contained in
this document in drafting your brief.
There is no required citation format for your briefs – all that I ask is that I am able to discern to what
statute or case you are referring to when you make a citation. You can simply use the same format I used in
Section IV (Applicable Law) of this document when citing or referring to cases or statutes, or you can use
another easily identifiable way of referencing these sources (such as parenthetical citations).
For your reference, here is a sample appellate brief that is made available to the public by the New Jersey
court system: https://njcourts.gov/forms/11898_create_brief_sample_formal.pdf (this is likely the best
exemplar brief to use as a template). Here is another relatively simple exemplar appellate brief:
http://www.co.lucas.oh.us/DocumentCenter/View/60558/Sample-brief-for-Sixth
District). For some more complex examples, you can peruse this website from Fordham University School
of Law: https://www.fordham.edu/info/23154/andrew_kent/8849/appellate_briefs.
You do NOT need to include a caption, table of contents, table of appendix or statement of facts in your
brief. Rather, all that is necessary is a brief preliminary statement (or this can be phrased as summary of
argument), a brief procedural history, your two-point argument section (this should make up the vast
majority of your brief), and a brief conclusion. A short standard of review section before the argument
section is optional.

Sample Solution

Project Management

 

 

1. Smith Corp. is considering an investment in a project that requires an initial cash outlay of $900,000 and will deliver incoming cash flows as follows: Year 1: $290,000, Year 2: $270,000, Year 3: $285,000, Year 4: $380,000 and Year 5: $240,000. If Smith uses a discount rate of 5%, compute the NPV of this project and make a recommendation to either accept or reject the project.
2. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
A) Common stocks have historically had lower returns than U.S. Government bonds.
B) Common stocks have historically had higher returns than U.S. Government bonds.
C) Preferred stocks usually have lower returns than common stocks.
D) None of the above
3. Some investors prefer bonds over commons stocks because:
A) stocks are too risky for their level of risk tolerance.
B) they are concerned about preservation of wealth.
C) bond income is more predictable.
D) all of these
4. In capital budgeting decisions:
A) interest expense is typically included
B) interest expense is typically not included
C) interest expense is capitalized
D) interest expense is equal to cash flow
5. The Sisyphean Company has a bond outstanding with a face value of $1000 that reaches maturity in 15 years. The bond certificate indicates that the stated coupon rate for this bond is 8% and that the coupon payments are to be made semiannually. How much will each semiannual coupon payment be?

Project Management

MATH PROJECT

The premise of the project is closely related to the aspect of the course material but may
explore an avenue, specifically in Excel, that was not discussed in class. You are free to use
internet resources to strengthen your Excel skill and apply it to tackle your project.

• A typed report addressing the questions of the project. No handwritten report is
acceptable.

• Excel file displaying your work. Use multiple sheets of one Excel _le for multiple
tasks rather than using multiple Excel _les.

1.1 Data
Data is available for this project on the course website in Canvas with the title Sepsis Data
MIMIC Phase 2. This is a real-world healthcare data extracted from Medical Information
Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC III). MIMIC is a relational database containing tables of
data relating to patients who stayed within the intensive care units at Beth Israel Deaconess
Medical Center.

The data set for this project includes patients who had the diagnosis of sepsis. Your instructor
had already cleaned the data and prepared it for the statistical analysis. The data includes
1,072 observations. This dataset has less data points than the Phase 1 of the project (1132).
The definition of each column in the data is explained as follows:

SUBJECT ID Patient Identification number

HADM ID Admission number of the patient. (Remember a patient can have multiple hospital admissions)

ADMITTIME Admission time. Because of the privacy reasons, the admission and discharge time has been shifted to a specific value.
DISCHTIME Discharge time

ADMISSION TYPE Types of hospital admission (URGENT or EMERGENCY)

DISCHARGE LOCATION Provides information about the location where the patient is discharged

MARITAL STATUS Marital status of the patient

GENDER Gender of the patient (M:Male, F:Female)

LENGTH OF HOSPITAL STAY DAYS Number of days a patient stays in the hospital

HOSPITAL EXPIRE FLAG Outcome of the hospital stay. Whether a patient is discharged as expired or non-expired. Expired and non-expired outcomes are encoded as 1 and 0, respectively

AGE Patient’s age

HEART_RATE Heart rate

RESPIRATORY RATE Respiratory rate

GCS SCORE Glasgow Coma Scale score (it is related to nervous system)

BLOOD PRESSURE Blood pressure

CREATININE Creatinine

1.2 Objective

The objective of this part of the project is that a student will advance his/her learning
in developing statistical models using Excel. Specifically, students will enrich their course
learnings in the following two areas:

  1. Hypothesis testing
  2. Linear regression

(PROBLEMS TO SOLVE 1-9)

1.3 Problem Statements
Your report should address the following problem statements, and must contain all the
tables, graphs and numeric measures you derive from Excel. Your report must include all
the results for the grading. And please do not forget to add correct labels in X and Y-axes
of your plots.

  1. (10 points) As a hospital quality manager, you are interested in investigating if patients
    with expired outcomes have the same average length of stay as patients with non-
    expired outcomes. For this, you decided to perform hypothesis testing using cuto_
    (or critical) value approach. In your excel _le, show all four steps clearly in one sheet.
    In your report, write hypothesis formulation, t-statistic, rejection regions and your
    conclusion. DO NOT use the hypothesis testing feature of the Data Analysis tool.
    Perform all the calculations in Excel.
  2. (5 points) Write a linear regression equation to derive the length of stay using the
    following measurements:
    • Age
    • Heart rate
    • Respiratory rate
    • Glasgow Coma Scale score
    • Blood pressure
    • Creatinine
    Use B1; B2; B3; B4; B5 and B6 as regression coefficients. We compute value of these coefficients later.
  3. (5 points) Using Data Analysis tool, compute the coefficients associated with each
    explanatory variable. In your report, create a table and list coefficients of all the
    explanatory variables along with their p-values.
  4. (4 points) Refer p-values to determine which of the explanatory variables are NOT
    significantly important?
  5. (4 points) Write down the linear regression incorporating estimated coefficients.
    While writing the linear regression equation, use only significantly important explanatory variables and ignore others.
  6. (4 points) Explain the interpretation of each coefficients that are significantly important.
  7. (5 points) A 64-year patient gets admitted to the ICU in the hospital with Glasgow
    Coma Scale score of 6 and blood pressure of 63, what is the predicted length of the
    stay of the patient?
  8. (6 points) There is a common belief among physicians that the length of stay increases
    by 0.5 days with every 1 mmHg increase in blood pressure. Investigate this claim using
    hypothesis testing.
  9. (3 points) Report the Goodness of Fit measure. What do you think about the model? Is it a good model or poor?
  10. (4 points) Clarity of your report.

Sample Solution

Project Management

Along with having the skill, knowledge, tools, and techniques required to manage projects effectively, project managers should be effective managers and leaders. Think about the managers and leaders that you have interacted with throughout your life. Reflect on what made those people “good” or “poor” managers and leaders.
Describe a leader you have encountered in life who was particularly effective. What made them more than just a manager? What qualities did they possess that stood out as particularly effective to you?
When responding to your peers, think about how their experiences are similar to experiences in your life. What qualities did the leaders they have described share with particularly effective leaders in your life? How were the leaders they described different from your experiences?

II. Assignment Details
The manner in which an organization or project team is structured can have a great impact on determining a project’s success or failure. Likewise, the culture of an organization can either help or hinder project success. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of different project management structures, how organizational culture affects those structures, and selecting the right structure for the project help the project manager start with a solid foundation for project success.
The project management structures examined in this unit are the following:
• Functional
• Matrix
• Projectized
• Dedicated
The matrix structure is further divided into the weak, balanced, and strong.
Describe your current or former work organization. Does the organization operate under 1 of the project management structures? Discuss how well-suited this structure was for what the organization was trying to achieve.
III. Assignment Details
Projects are chosen to be part of an organizational portfolio based on their ability to help the organization achieve its goals. Once chosen, it is important that projects are successful, or an organization may not meet those goals. Research shows that the leading cause of failed projects is poorly defined scope (Larson & Gray, 2021). Clearly defining the complete scope of the project is the first step toward project success.
Reflect on a time in your life or within your workplace when you or your organization took on a project. Discuss what criteria were applied in deciding whether or not to proceed with the project and what role having a clear understanding of the scope of the project had in its success or failure.
IV. Assignment Details
Gantt charts and earned value management (EVM) are frequently used in project management. When properly used, they can provide project managers with information about how the project is progressing. Early warning signs provide project managers with a means to help get their projects back on track. Although Gantt charts and earned value calculations can be created and performed in Microsoft Excel, many project management software suites can provide users with enhanced tools for simplifying these tasks. Some of the most popular project management software suites are as follows:
• Microsoft Project
• Monday.com
• Teamwork
• FunctionFox
• GanttPro
• ClickUp

Sample Solution

Project Management

In some manner, people have all performed project management at various times in their lives, often without even knowing that they were doing it. Project management is performing and completing a group of activities to accomplish some specific goal. Project management can be applied to something as large and complex as putting humans on Mars to as small and simple as building a tree house in your backyard. In either situation, the projects progress through the same stages.

Think about something that you have done that fits the definition of a project, and discuss how the project progressed through the different phases of the project life cycle. Submit a 3-page paper that addresses the following:

*Describe the project and how it differed from an operation.
*What activities were performed that were part of following phases?
Initiating
Planning
Executing
Closing
*How were the principles of project management applied to this project?
*What skills and knowledge of the project manager were applied to make you successful (or were lacking, which led to failure)?
*What lessons were learned in this project that could be applied to future projects?

Sample Solution